1. Never to water but when the plants are actually in want of it; that is easily known by feeling the soil with the finger. While it is moist no water is needed. When it feels dry, then water, which will not be found to be necessary oftener than three times a week in autumn and winter, and once a day in spring and summer, giving it copiously every time, and allowing it to run away entirely from the plant, so that the pots may never stand in it. The water used should be either rain or river water. If necessarily from the pump or spring, it should be allowed to stand in the air a day or two before using.

2. To give plenty of air at every possible opportunity, when the weather is mild, either by having the window up, or by removing the plants outside. If, in warm weather, this is done under a burning sun, the pots will have to be shaded, as the sun upon the sides of the pots would greatly injure the plants; if in bloom and exposed to the sun, the flowers would soon fade and drop.

3. To keep the rooms where plants are at as uniform a temperature as possible, and the plants themselves as near the window as convenient, except in severe weather, when they are better near the middle of the room during the night.

4. To examine them occasionally, to see if the pots are full of roots. When this is the case, if the plants are thought worth it, shift them into pots of a larger size, potting in good soil, or if not shifted, more care must be used in supplying water, as they require a larger quantity when in this state. In summer, water frequently over the foliage, but not unless they also need it at the root as well.

These may be adopted as very general rules, though more absolutely necessary to some plants than others, but will be found beneficial to all.

There is a good deal to be considered in buying plants, in making the proper choice; for, however gratifying it may be to have those which look the best in full bloom, it is most satisfactory to have those which last the longest in perfection, especially those which have a succession of bloom, and whose foliage, is interesting token the bloom is gone. This rule may be deviated from in behalf of Tulips, Hyacinths, Crocuses, and other bulbs, which are valuable when little else is in flower; they will also bloom in the darkest streets of cities. These should be purchased either in the beginning of November, when the roots are dry for planting, or in pots, when they are beginning to grow; for if delayed till they are in bloom, nine-tenths of their value is lost, because they are interesting in every stage of their growth, from the first formation of the leaves to the perfection of the flowers. Every day of development has its charm, and therefore they ought to be possessed from the first. All these require a plentiful supply of water when in a growing state; and if kept cool after showing flower their season of blooming is prolonged.