Between the house and the boundary lines lies that portion of the lawn which is most difficult to handle and the part that we usually find the least tastefully designed. On this part of the premises we have to consider plantings along drives, plantings along walks and paths, lawn specimens and lawn groups. These must be considered individually and yet so treated that with the background, plantings around the house, and boundary plantations, all will combine to produce a harmonious whole. This we speak of as unity. Unity is not impossible on small properties. It may be had by keeping the greensward open and confining the plantings to the borders and along the paths (Fig. 85). Attempt only the simple, if you will, just grass and trees, and the effect is much more pleasing than a large tract planted with no definite aim.
It is along the drives and paths that we may plant for the beautiful, as it is here that the observer is brought into closer touch with the individual plant and its every detail. Specimen plants for such plantations should have, therefore, some unusual and delicate characteristics, which would most likely be lost if placed at a greater distance from the eye. Among those which are most highly recommended are the cut-leaved White Birch, the various forms of the Japanese Maple, the fern-leaved Beech, and the Eng-ligh Cork Maple. The Birch and the Maple are particularly handsome.
Specimens noted in previous paragraph, planted along the line of a drive, should be set back about fifteen or twenty feet so as to give them a little foreground (Fig. 86). The Japanese Maples are quite dwarf and may be planted closer. Allow each tree ample space for perfect development and allow for a stretch of greensward between specimens.
The arrangement should be an avoidance of straight lines. The larger growing trees should be near the house and the smaller kinds between the house and the entrance. Large growing trees on a small lawn have a tendency to dwarf the area. One or two large trees near the house will be quite sufficient in most cases.
PLANTING FOR DETAIL.
Fig. 86. - Deciduous and evergreen trees, together with shrubbery, at the'intersection of drive and pathway. The individual plants should be so planted that each will grow into a perfect specimen of its kind. - See page 91.
Lines of trees along curved driveways or paths should be discouraged. Groupings are much more artistic (Figs. 87 and 88). (See planting key, page 95.)
Along straight driveways lines of trees on either side are agreeable and are especially pleasing where they lead directly to the portals of the house, as is frequently seen on some of our old Southern estates The best trees for such purpose are the Sugar Maple, American Elm, Red Oak, and European Linden. The trees should be planted alternately rather than directly opposite, and should be at least thirty-five feet apart, set back from five to ten feet from the edge of the drive; of the evergreens the White and Austrian Pines and the Norway Spruce are the most suitable.