This section is from the book "The Florists' Manual", by William Scott. Also available from Amazon: The Florist's Manual.
Where a bed or border of roses is wanted by our customers, and the situation gets light and air, and the soil is not a worn-out garden (if it is you must supply good fresh loam and manure) then I believe in and do recommend the hybrid tea and common tea roses, knowing that they will give the greatest satisfaction. We know they will grow and bloom continuously weeks after our tender plants are killed by frost, and months after the green worm and aphis have ceased to bother the roses. I reason with our patrons that strong young plants in 4-inch pots cost little if any more than their geraniums and cannas, and if they get killed, which they expect, they have lost no more then they have in their ordinary bedding plants.
In this class we have a great variety. Not all the teas are good for this purpose, but many are, and the hybrid teas are splendid; with a slight protection they will come through the winter without any harm.
For a summer bed of roses you have many to choose from, and the following are good hybrid teas; La France, President Carnot, Kaiserin Augusta Victoria, Pierre Guillot, Mme. Schwal-ler, Crimson Bedder, Mme. Pernet-Ducher, Lady Mary Fitzwilliam, Countess of Pembroke, and others. Perhaps the most satisfactory of all is Maman Cochet, white, and its pink sport. This rose seems wonderfully adapted to our hot summers, and flowers, or rather buds, of Cochet can be gathered in August and September almost equal to our indoor-grown Brides and Maids, but the best results cannot be obtained by just sticking them out as you would geraniums or cannas. They are worth a deep prepared bed, a fresh yellow loam preferred, and the beds should be bordered with a 6-inch board so that when watering them, which they deserve, the roses will get the benefit of it.
Cochet may winter perfectly in Philadelphia and Baltimore, but with us it needs a covering of evergreen boughs as well as a covering of six inches of stable litter over its roots.
Among the tea scented there is a still greater variety for this purpose. Those I have proved as most satisfactory for summer bedding are: Bon Silene, Isabella Sprunt, Safrano, Duchess de Brabant, Coquette de Lyon, Perle des Jar-dins, La Sylphide, Mme. Caroline Kuster, Marie Guillot, Souv. d 'un Ami, Mme. Falcot, Mme. Welche, Goubault, Mme. Bravy, Mme. de Watteville, Sombreuil, and others. Some of the above are very old varieties, and you would not think of growing them during winter for cut flowers, but they are beautiful and free flowering out of doors. Our Queen of Queens, Catherine Mermet and the latter's fine sports were not satisfactory bedded out in summer.