Class, Breeding Bulls

General characters

Form. — Compact, thick-set, and short-legged in appearance; body deep, thick, and of medium length; top line straight, under line low in flanks; fore quarters heavier than in a cow; scale medium to large, not greatly above average for the breed.

Quality. — Features clean cut and symmetrical; showing great strength without grossness; breed characters pronounced; bone strong and clean; hair moderately fine and soft; skin of medium thickness; head, neck, and legs short, strong, and massive.

Condition. — Great wealth of natural flesh as from abundant supply of best grass or other roughage, but not excessively fat; flesh firm, mellow, and springy, without ties, lumps, patches, or rolls, especially in the back and loin; depth and evenness of flesh consistent with degree of fatness.

Constitution. — Generous and symmetrical development; lively carriage ; ample heart-girth, capacity of barrel and depth of flanks; eye full, bright, and clear; nostrils wide apart, large, and open; absence of grossness or of undue refinement.

Early maturity. — Compactness and strength, with as much refinement as is consistent with masculinity; body large, extremities small; shortness of head, neck, and legs; amplitude of girth in chest, belly, and flanks.

Sexuality. — Strongly marked; a majestic carriage and general appearance of masculine power and aggressiveness; great strength without grossness in head, neck, and legs; chest well developed; shoulders very strong; well-developed sexual organs.

Scale of points                                            Perfect

Score

1.   Age, estimated-------; corrected------2.    Weight, estimated -------lb.; corrected ------- lb.; according to age and condition.................. 5

3.    Skin, moderately thick, loose, soft, elastic, free from scurf .... 3

Perfect Score

4.   Hair, thick; moderately fine and soft, color and markings according to breed.....................        3

5.   Temperament, alert but quiet and good-natured.......        3

6.    Muzzle, mouth large, lips round and firm ; nostrils large, open, and wide apart.....................        2

7.   Face, short, straight, strong, full.............        2

8.    Forehead, full, very broad, heavy between eyes........        2

13.    Neck, short, massive, curving strongly into shoulders and brisket; crest strong; throat clean ; dewlap slight.........        3

14.   Shoulders, strongly developed, compact, snug, well fleshed ....        5

15.   Fore legs, short, straight, arm full, bone strong and clean; hoofs large, strong, even, and dense...............        3

17.   Chest, full, deep, wide ; heart-girth large ; fore flanks deep ...       10

18.   Barrel, deep, broad, medium length............        4

19.   Crops, full and thick, straight in top line..........        5

20.    Ribs, long, closely set, well sprung, extending well back; back broad and straight; flesh thick and even.......... .      10

21.   Loin, broad, straight; flesh thick and even.........        6

22.   Hips, wide, but not prominent, capable of being smoothly covered .        3

23.   Rump, long, level, wide ; tail-head smooth ; flesh thick and even .        5

24.    Pin-bones, far apart, not prominent........ . . . .        2

26.   Thighs, full, wide and deep ; muscled well down to hocks ....        4

27.   Twist, deep and full.................        4

28.   Hind legs, short, straight, bone strong and clean; hoofs large, strong, and even....................        3

29.   Hind flank, full, low.................        4

30.   Testicles, well developed, both present and normally placed . . .      3

Total......................100