Parts of the cow

Fig. 10. - Parts of the cow. 1, muzzle ; 2, face ; 3, forehead ; 4, throat; 5, neck ; 6, dewlap ; 7, shoulder ; 8, wethers ; 9, back ; 91, crops ; 10, chine ; 11, ribs ; 12, fore ribs ; 121 fore flank ; 12, 121,chest; 13, belly ; 14, flank ; 15, loin; 16, hips; 17, rump ; 18, setting of tail; 19, thurl or pin-bone ; 20, quarter; 21, thigh ; 22, hock ; 23, switch ; 24, leg; 25, stifle ; 26, udder ; 27, teat; 28, forearm ; 29, knee ; 30, shank ; 31, hoof. (Cyclo. Amer. Agric.)

Scale of points                                             Perfect

Score

1.   Age, estimated-------; corrected------2.   Weight, estimated-------lb.; corrected-------lb.; score according to age and condition.................        5

3.   Skin, of medium thickness, loose, soft, elastic, free from scurf ...        3

4.   Hair, fine, soft, thick; color and markings according to breed ...        3

5.   Temperament, quiet, mild, and contented..........        3

6.    Muzzle, mouth large, lips thin, nostrils large, open, and wide apart .        2

7.   Face, fine, moderately short and broad..........        2

8.   Forehead, full, broad, and square............        2

11.   Horns, medium to small, fine texture, shape and color according to breed.....................        1

12.    Ears, medium size, fine texture............ .        1

13.   Neck, thick, short, curving smoothly into shoulders and brisket; throat clean ; dewlap slight..............        3

14.   Shoulders, compact, snug, smooth, well fleshed........        5

Perfect Score

15.   Fore legs, short, straight, strong; arm full; bone fine and clean ; feet small, strong, even ; hoofs dense............        3

16.   Brisket, moderately projecting, neat and broad........        1

17.   Chest, full, deep, wide; heart-girth large; fore flanks deep and full .       10

18.   Barrel, capacious, medium length............        5

19.    Crops, moderately full, flesh thick and even........ .        5

20.    Ribs, long, closely set, well sprung, extending fairly well back; back broad and straight; flesh thick and even.........       10

21.   Loin, broad, straight; flesh thick and even.........        6

22.   Hips, wide but not prominent, capable of being smoothly covered .        3

23.    Rump, long, level, wide; tail-head smooth; flesh thick and even .        5

24.    Pin-bones, far apart, not prominent............        2

25. Tail, tapering, bone fine................        1

26.   Thighs and twist, full, muscled well down to hocks...... 6

27.   Hind legs, short, straight, strong; bone fine and clean; feet small, strong, even; hoofs dense.............. 3

28.   Hind flank, low, full, thick............... 3

29.    Udder, large, shapely, evenly quartered, not fleshy; teats uniform, medium-sized, squarely placed, milk veins prominent ..... 5

Total......................100