Fastest records for two miles

In Harness — Race Monette, bl. m., by Monon...........1894 4:45

In Harness — Against Time The Harvester, br. h., by Walnut Hall........1910 4 : 151/4

To Wagon — Race Dexter, br. g., by Hambletonian 10.........1865 4 : 561/4

To Wagon — Against Time Ed Byran, b. g., by Little Corporal.........1907 4 : 43

To Road Wagon — Against Time Temple Hope, b. h., by Norval..........1905 5 : 141/2

Under Saddle George M. Patchen, b. h., by C. M. Clay.......1863 4 : 56

Fastest records for three miles

In Harness — Against Time Nightingale, ch. m., by Mambrino King.......1893 6 : 55 1/2

Fastest records for four miles

In Harness — Race Longfellow, p., ch. g., by Red Bill.......... 1869 10 : 341/2

In Harness — Against Time Joe Jefferson, p., br. h., by Thomas Jefferson.....1891 10 : 10

Fastest records for five miles ■ In Harness — Race Zambra. b, g., by McKinney..........1902 12 : 24

In Harness — Against Time Pascal, bl. g., by Pascarel...........1893 12:45

Fastest records for six miles

In Harness — Against Time

Long Time, b. g., by Jack Rowett........1893 16 : 08

For ten miles

In Harness — Race

Controller, b. g., by May Boy..........1878 27 : 231/4

In Harness — Against Time John Stewart, b. g., by Tom Wonder........1867 28 : 021/4

For eighteen miles In Harness — Race Bill, ch. g., pedigree unknown..........1885 58 : 10

For twenty miles Capt. McGowan, roan h., pedigree unknown ..... 1865 58 : 25

For thirty miles Gen. Taylor, gr. h., by Morse Horse........1857 1: 47 : 59

For thirty-two miles Chancellor, gr. h., by Chancellor.........1831 1: 58 : 00

For fifty miles Black Joke, bl. g., pedigree not traced.......1835 3 : 57 : 00

For one hundred miles Conqueror, b. g., by Bellfounder.........1853 8 : 55 : 53

Fastest records at different decades since 1800

Bowery Boy, p., pedigree unknown.....      1820-1830 (2 miles) 5 : 041/2

Profit-and-loss Figures Profit or loss in dairy cows (Conn. Agric. Coll.)

The cow is charged with the cost of food eaten at regular market rates, in the locality where the herds were tested. The prices for the year averaged as follows : Hay $16 per ton, silage $3.50 per ton, and grain $30 per ton. Besides the cost of food, each cow was subject to a fixed charge of $45 for conducting the business, obtained as follows: —

Bedding for one year..................$2.00

Service of bull....................1.00

Labor.......................27.00

Interest on investment.................6.00

Taxes........................60

Insurance..................... .40

Depreciation....................8.00 $45.00

It was estimated that one good man would do the work for 20 cows, including milking, feeding, handling of the milk, and delivering it to the depot, washing all utensils used about the barn, etc. Such a man would be kept busy caring for twenty cows. If his wages were $45 per month, it would therefore make a labor bill of $27 per cow per year.

The next item is one of interest on investment. Allowing $60 as the value of the cow, and $60 as each cow's share of the investment in barn, tools, etc., the total investment per cow is $120. Interest at 5 per cent equals $6 per cow. Taxes at ten mills on one-half valuation calls for 60 cents, and insurance for at least 40 cents. These interest charges must not be overlooked in any careful reckoning.

The last item in the general bill of expense is one of $8 per year for depreciation in the value of the cow. Unfortunately money put into cows is not a permanent investment. The period of usefulness of dairy cows will not average over four or five years. A large number turn out to be poor milkers not worth keeping, and must be sold at a loss. Others are ruined by accident and by sickness, so that probably five years covers the average milking period of dairy cows.