Sizes and weights of packages for deciduous fruits (California Fruit

Distributors) Weights in first table, sizes in second

Cherries..............    11 pounds per box

Peaches..............    21/2 pounds per box

Pears............... .    50 pounds per box

Pears for export to Europe........    24 pounds per box

Prunes...............    26 pounds per single crate

Apricots..............    26 pounds per single crate

Nectarines .............    25 pounds per single crate

Plums...............    26 pounds per single crate

Grapes...............    26 pounds per single crate

Grapes...............    56 pounds per double crate

In Inches

Depth

Width

Length

Cherries, box

2 3/4

9

19 3/4

Peaches, box

5

11 3/4

19 3/4

Pears, box

9

11 3/4

19 3/4

Pears, for export to Europe, box ....

4 1/2

11 3/4

19 3/4

Apricots, single crate........

5

16

17 1/2

Nectarines, single crate........

5

16

17 1/2

Prunes, single crate.........

5

16

17 1/2

Plums, Single crate........

5

16

17 1/2

Grapes, single crate........

5

16

17 1/2

Grapes, double crate........

11 1/4

16

17 1/2

Chautauqua, N. Y., grape figures.

The grapes are shipped in 8-pound Climax baskets, which weigh, when not filled, 20 ounces. A carload is 2800 to 3000 baskets. A girl will pack from 100 to 150 baskets per day. One and one-fourth cents per basket is paid for picking and packing. An average acre of Concord grapes yields about 500 baskets. The average annual cost of cultivating the vineyard up to picking time is $8. The expense of picking, packing, packages, and carting is about $28 for the 500 baskets. In bulk, the grapes are shipped in crates of 38 lb. capacity ; cost of picking in crates is about 2 cents for quantity representing 21/2 baskets. The bunches are cut from the vines with shears made for the purpose. In the packing house the bunches are trimmed.

Citrus fruits.

The specifications of the boxes used in the packing of California oranges are shown in the railroad tariffs with an estimated weight, and the box so shown is the only one used. The inside dimensions are 111/2 in. X ll1/2 in. X 24 in., the slats are 26 in. long, but the thickness of the ends and center-pieces is 2 in., making the inside length 24 in. No. 2 Jumbo orange-box, ll1/2 in. X 121/2 in. X 24 in.

The California box for lemons shown in the tariff is 101/2 in. X 14 in. X 25 in. Recently, the lemon shippers adopted a new-sized box which packs lemons to better advantage, and this new box will be used as soon as the accumulation of old stock is exhausted, and the tariffs will be changed to show its dimensions, which are, 103/8 in. X 131/2 in. X 25 in. inside. Old box, 3675 cu. in.; new box, 35019/16 cu. in.

Florida orange-box, 12 X 12 X 241/2 in. inside. Half-box, 5| X 12 X 241/2 in.

Apple boxes (W. A. Taylor).

The memoranda following (p. 165) show legal weights to the bushel of apples and legal sizes of apple-boxes and barrels; also the usual standard (not legal) sizes of apple-boxes and the heaped-bushel expressed in cubic inches in such states as have expressed the capacity of the heaped-bushel in that form.

All these boxes when actually used are subject to considerable variation in capacity, resulting from the use or non-use of cleats under the covers.

Apple legislation (Box and barrel sizes and weights per bushel)

Fruit Packages 98

Other apple-box sizes

California (40 lb.)......

20 3/4" X 10 3/8"x9 1/8|".....

1965 " "

California (50 lb.)......

20 3/4" X 11 1/4" X 10 3/4" : . . .

2393 " "

Canadian (legal)

20" X 11" X 10"......

2200 " "

Colorado

18"X ll"xl2"......

2376 " "

Washington "special "' .

20" X 11" x 10"......

2200 " "

Norwestern special

20" X 12" X 10"......

2400 " "

1 Printed 2250 cu. in. in the law, but the dimensions figure 2200 cu. in.

Legal heaped-bushel capacities (Apples)

Connecticut (heaped bu.)................2564 cu. in.

Kansas (heaped bu.)..................2564 " "

Washington (heaped bu.)................2564 " "

Box packing of apples in Washington and Oregon (C. S. Wilson).

Boxes. — (a) Standard, 101/2 in. X 111/2 in. X 18 in. inside measurement. (6) Special, 10 in. X 11 in. X 20 in. inside measurement.

Material. — Ends, 3/4 in.; sides, 3/8in; tops and bottoms, two pieces each, \ in. thick. There should be two cleats for each top and bottom. The sides of the box should be nailed with four nails at each end of each side. The cleats should be put neatly on the box, and four nails driven through them and through the top or bottom into the ends. Five-penny cement-coated nails are preferable.