Wrapping paper. — Any of the following grades may be used: Light Manila, heavy-weight tissue, or " white news." The size of the wrapper will vary somewhat, according to the size of the apple. Two sizes should be ordered, 8 in. X 10 in. and 10 in. X 10 in. The approximate cost of this wrapping paper would be, light Manila and heavy-weight tissue, 41/2 or 5 cents per pound, or about 35 cents per thousand sheets; "white news," 31/2 cents per pound, or about 30 cents per thousand sheets.

Lining paper. —The lining paper is made from " white news," size 18 in. X 24 in. The approximate cost of this paper would be 31/2 cents per pound, or about $1.15 per thousand sheets.

Layer paper. — In some cases it is necessary to use layer paper to raise the pack in order to come out right at the top. For this purpose use colored tag-board, size 171/4 in. X 11 in., or 191/2 in. X 101/2 in., according to the box. The approximate cost of this paper would be about $7.50 per thousand sheets.

Packing. — Before placing the apples on the packing table they are usually graded into different sizes. This facilitates very much the work of the packers. A sizer may be used at the beginning, but one soon trains the eye to recognize the different grades. The diagonal pack is preferable, although one is forced to use the straight pack for a few sizes.

The following table was used at Hood River, Oregon, in the fall of 1910 (C. I. Lewis, in "Better Fruits"): —

Table of commercial box packs

Size - Expressed in No. Apples per Box

Tier

Pack

No. Apples In Row

No. Layers in Depth

Box Used

45

3

3 St.

5-5

3

Standard

54

3

3 St.

6-6

3

Special

63

3

3 St.

7-7

3

Special

64

3 1/2

2-2 Diag.

4-4

4

Standard

72

3 1/2

2-2 Diag.

4-5

4

Standard

80

3 1/2

2-2 Diag.

5-5

4

Standard

88

3 1/2

2-2 Diag.

5-6

4

Standard

96

3 1/2

2-2 Diag.

6-6

4

Special

104

3 1/2

2-2 Diag.

6-7

4

Special

112

3 1/2

2-2 Diag.

7-7

4

Special

120

3 1/2

2-2 Diag.

7-8

4

Special

128

4

4 St.

8-8

4

Special

144

4

4 St.

9-9

4

Special

150

4 1/2

3-2 Diag.

6-6

5

Standard

163

4 1/2

3-2 Diag.

6-7

5

Standard

175

4 1/2

3-2 Diag.

7-7

5

Standard

188

4 1/2

3-2 Diag.

7-8

5

Special

200

4 1/2

3-2 Diag.

8-8

5

Special

Fruit packages in Canada (Fruit Marks Act).

The minimum legal limit of apple barrel is a barrel having a dimension of not less than 261/4 inches between the heads, inside measure, and a head diameter of 17 inches, and a middle diameter of 181/2 inches, representing as nearly as possible 96 quarts.

When apples are packed in Canada for export, for sale by the box, they shall be packed in good strong boxes, of seasoned wood, the inside dimensions of which shall not be less than 10 inches in depth, 11 inches in width, and 20 inches in length, representing as nearly as possible 2200 cubic inches.

The Inspection and Sale Act, dealing with fruit baskets (May, 1907), reads as follows: " 2. Every basket of fruit offered for sale in Canada, unless stamped on the side plainly in black letters at least three-quarters of an inch deep and wide, with the word ' Quart' in full, preceded with the minimum number of quarts, omitting fractions, which the basket will hold when level-full, shall contain, when level-full, one or other of the following quantities: " (a) Fifteen quarts or more.

"(6) Eleven quarts, and be 53/4 inches deep perpendicularly, 183/4 inches in length, and 8 inches in width at the top of the basket, 163/4 inches in length, and 67/8 inches in width at the bottom of the basket, as nearly exactly as practicable, all measurements to be inside of the veneer proper, and not to include the top band.

"(c) Six quarts, and be 41/2 inches deep perpendicularly, 15f inches in length, and 7 inches in width at the top of the basket, 131/2 inches in length, and 57/8 inches in width at the bottom of the basket, as nearly exactly as practicable, all measurements to be inside of the veneer proper, and not to include the top band: Provided that the Governor in Council may by proclamation exempt any province from the operation of this section.

"(d) Two and two-fifths quarts, as nearly exactly as practicable."

Proposed United States standards (Provisions in the Lafean Bill, now before Congress, 1911).

First. The standard box package for apples is a box having a capacity of not less than 2342 cubic inches when measured without distention of its parts.

Second. The standard basket package for apples is a basket having a capacity of not less than 2342 cubic inches, when measured level-full, without distention of its parts.

Third. The standard barrel package for apples is a barrel of the following dimensions, when measured without distention of its parts: Length of stave, 281/2 inches; diameter of head, 17| inches, distance between heads, 26 inches; circumference of bulge, 64 inches, outside measurement.