Section 3. That the standard grade for apples which shall be shipped or delivered for shipment in interstate or foreign commerce, or which shall be sold or offered for sale within the District of Columbia or the Territories of the United States, are as follows: —
Apples of one variety, which are well-grown specimens, hand-picked, of good color for the variety, normal shape, practically free from insect and fungus injury, bruises, and other defects, except such as are necessarily caused in the operation of packing, or apples of one variety, which are not more than 10 per centum below the foregoing specifications, are standard grade " U. S. Size A," if the minimum size of the apples is two and one-half inches in transverse diameter; or are standand grade " U. S. Size B," if the minimum size of the apples is two and one-fourth inches in transverse diameter; or are standard grade " U. S. Size C," if the minimum size of the apples is two inches in transverse diameter.
Packages for truck crops, including strawberries (L. C. Corbett).
Potatoes. - Truck crop potatoes are shipped from the Atlantic seaboard points in ventilated barrels holding 23/4 bushels; from the Mississippi Valley and Gulf States in sacks holding 190 pounds; from Maine in sacks holding 165 pounds; and from the California and Colorado sections in sacks holding 100 pounds (everything in this region being sold by net weight rather than by bushel). In northern sections of Vermont, New York, Michigan, Wisconsin, potatoes are largely sold in bulk by weight at so much per bushel.
Cabbages from the Atlantic seaboard states south of Baltimore are shipped either in crates or ventilated barrels holding 2f bushels. These crates are usually flat, about 3 feet long. At the North, crates 3 feet square are often used for shipment of cabbage, but the general crop grown for storage and for the manufacture of kraut is sold in bulk by the ton (heads trimmed).
Cauliflower from the Southern fields is almost universally shipped in ventilated barrels, packed in excelsior, barrels being standard truck-crop-barrel of 23/4 bushels. California package is a flat carrier holding
I dozen or 11/2 dozen heads.
Brussels sprouts are packed in quart cups, in crates holding 32 cups.
Tomatoes from Eastern States in crates holding about 1 bushel, similar to those used for the shipment of muskmelons, dimensions about 12 in. X 12 in. X 22 in. Some fruits arrive from Florida in this type of package, but most tomatoes come in 6-basket carriers similar to those used for peaches. In Texas a flat, 4-basket carrier, which is only one tier deep, is almost universally used.
Onions of the winter sorts are shipped either in ventilated barrels or standard sacks holding about 23/4 bushels. The Texas Bermuda crop is universally shipped in slatted bushel crates, 20 inches long, 12 inches wide, and 12 inches deep.
Celery from the Florida section is packed in flat crates usually
11 in. X 20 in. X 24 in. The California package is a cubical crate,
24 in. X 24 in. X 20 in. Most Eastern sections use the California type of package.
Muskmelons from most sections arrive in a veneer crate very similar in shape to the orange-box but somewhat smaller, the dimensions being approximately 12 in. X 12 in. X 22 in. Some sections ship melons in 60-quart and 32-quart berry crates, while a small percentage of the crop arrives in flat carriers arranged to hold a single layer of melons. These carriers usually contain 18 to 24 melons.
Eggplants are usually wrapped in paper and forwarded in 60-quart berry crates.
Peas are shipped largely in 5/8 standard Delaware baskets with ventilated wood covers, or in barrel-high Delaware baskets with ventilated wood covers.
Sweet-potatoes are shipped in ventilated barrels holding 23/4 bushels, covered with burlap.
Asparagus is shipped in carriers made to accommodate 8 to 12 bunches.