Rules for naming kitchen-garden vegetables, adopted by the Committee on Nomenclature of the Association of American Agricultural Colleges and Experiment Stations (1889, and still in force).
1. The name of a variety shall consist of a single word, or at most of two words. A phrase, descriptive or otherwise, is never allowable; as, Pride of Italy, King of Mammoths, Earliest of All.
2. The name should not be superlative or bombastic. In particular, such epithets as New, Large, Giant, Fine, Selected, Improved, and the like, should be omitted. If the grower or dealer has a superior stock of a variety, the fact should be stated in the description immediately after the name, rather than as a part of the name itself; as, "Trophy, selected stock."
3. If a grower or dealer has secured a new select strain of a well-known variety, it shall be legitimate for him to use his own name in connection with the established name of the variety; as, Smith's Winnigstadt, Jones's Cardinal.
4. When personal names are given to varieties, titles should be omitted; as Major, General, etc.
5. The term " hybrid " should not be used except in those rare instances in which the variety is known to be of hybrid origin.
6. The originator has the prior right to name the variety, but the oldest name which conforms to these rules should be adopted.
7. This Committee reserves the right, in its own publications, to revise objectionable names in conformity with these rules.
Code of nomenclature of the American Pomological Society.
Priority. - Rule 1. No two varieties of the same kind of fruit shall bear the same name. The name first published for a variety shall be the accepted and recognized name, except in cases where it has been applied in violation of this code.
A. The term " kind " as herein used shall be understood to apply to those general classes of fruits which are grouped together in common usage without regard to their exact botanical relationship, as apple, cherry, grape, peach, plum, raspberry, etc.
B. The paramount right of the originator, discoverer, or introducer of a new variety to name it, within the limitations of this code, is recognized and emphasized.
C. Where a variety name through long usage has become thoroughly established in American pomological literature for two or more varieties, it should not be displaced nor radically modified for either sort, except in cases where a well-known synonym can be advanced to the position of leading name. The several varieties bearing identical names should be distinguished by adding the name of the author who first described each sort, or by adding some other suitable distinguishing term which will insure their identity in catalogues or discussions.
D. Existing American names of varieties which conflict with earlier published foreign names of the same or other varieties, but which have become thoroughly established through long usage, shall not be displaced.
Form of Names. - Rule 2. The name of a variety of fruit shall consist of a single word.
A. No variety shall be named unless distinctly superior to existing varieties in some important characteristic, nor until it has been determined to perpetuate it by bud propagation.
B. In selecting names for varieties the following points should be emphasized: Distinctiveness, simplicity, ease of pronunciation and spelling, indication of origin or parentage.
C. The spelling and pronunciation of a varietal name derived from a personal or geographical name should be governed by the rules which control the spelling and pronunciation of the name from which it was derived.
D. A variety imported from a foreign country should retain its foreign name, subject only to such modification as is necessary to conform it to this code or to render it intelligible in English.
E. The name of a person should not be applied to a variety during his life without his express consent. The name of a deceased horticulturist should not be so applied, except through formal action by some competent horticultural body, preferably that with which he was most closely connected.
F. The use of such general terms as seedling, hybrid, pippin, pear-main, beurre, rare-ripe, damson, etc., is not admissible.
G. The use of a possessive noun as a name is not admissible.
H. The use of a number, either singly or attached to a word, should be considered only as a temporary expedient while the variety is undergoing preliminary test.
I. In applying the various provisions of this rule to an existing varietal name which has through long usage become firmly embedded in American pomological literature, no change shall be made which will involve loss of identity.
Rule 3. In the full and formal citation of a variety name, the name of the author who first published it shall be given.
Publication. — Rule 4. Publication consists (1) in the distribution of a printed description of the variety named, giving the distinguishing characters of fruit, tree, etc., or (2) in the publication of a new name for a variety which is properly described elsewhere; such publications to be made in any book, bulletin, report, trade catalogue, or periodical, providing the issue bears the date of its publication and is generally distributed among nurserymen, fruit-growers, and horticulturists; or (3) in certain cases the general recognition of a name for a propagated variety in a community for a number of years shall constitute publication of that name.
A. In determining the name of a variety to which two or more names have been given in the same publication that which stands first shall have precedence.
Revision. — Rule 5. No properly published variety name shall be changed for any reason except conflict with this code, nor shall another variety be substituted for that originally described thereunder.