Myrica cerifera, L. (Ger. Wachsmyrte), is a North American shrub that grows to a height of 1 to 3 metres. Its leaves contain 0,021 p.c. of a volatile oil2) of a greenish color and a very agreeable, aromatic, spicy odor. Sp.gr. 0,886; aD - 5°5'.
A bayberry oil distilled by F. Rabak3) revealed the following constants: d0,9168; [a]D - 1,5°; nD25ol,4945; A.V. 3,5; E.V. 21; E. V. after acetylation 58. The oil was soluble in one-half its volume of 90 p. c. alcohol, but the solution became turbid upon the addition of 2 or more volumes. It was insoluble in 80 p. c. alcohol. The yield (computed with reference to the fresh material ?) was 0,015 p. c.
1) Chem. Weekblad 9 (1912), No. 11.
2) Report of Schimmel & Co. October 1894, 70. - Comp. also Hambright, Americ. Journ. Pharm. 35 (1863), 193.
3) Midland Drugg. and pharm. Review 45 (1911), 484.