Origin. Upon distillation, the wood of Santalum austro-caledonicum, Vieillard, which is indigenous to New Caledonia, yields an oil very similar to that obtained from Santalum album and the principal constituent of which is likewise santalol. In 1906 as much as 194206 kg. of this wood were exported from New Caledonia and in 1907 as much as 141602 kg.4).
Properties. It is a very viscid oil of intensely yellow color. d16o0,9647 to 0,978; aD + 6° 29' to - 21° 42"); nD20o 1,5062; A.V. 0,9 to 6,4; E.V. 3,2 to 5,4; E.V. after acetylation 196,5 to 206,7 = 90,5 to 96,2 p.c. of santalol; soluble in 25) to 4,5 vol. and more of 70 p.c. alcohol.