From massoy bark from Cinnamomum Kiamis, Nees (C. Bur-manni, Blume), Bonastre8) distilled an oil which separated into a light and a heavy oil and from which a camphor separated. The light oil was almost colorless, limpid, and had an odor resembling that of sassafras. The heavy oil was more viscid and less volatile. Its odor was fainter but it had a decided taste of sassafras. The massoy camphor, which was also heavier than water, consisted of a white soft powder which was odorless and almost tasteless, and which dissolved in hot alcohol and ether.
From two barks received from Timor and Celebes, Schimmel & Co.4), obtained upon distillation 0,5 p.c. of a brownish-yellow oil which possessed an odor similar to that of Ceylon cinnamon but less delicate. The constants also differed from those of cinnamon oil: d16o0198; aD - 1°50'; nD20o1,58282; soluble in 0,8 vol. or more of 80 p.c. alcohol; not soluble to a clear solution in 10 vol. of 70 p.c. alcohol. With the aid of neutral sodium sulphite the amount of cinnamic aldehyde present was found to be 77 p. c, whereas a determination with bisulphite yielded 80 p.c. However, in the latter test the results were inaccurate, probably because of the presence of other aldehydes, the bisulphite compounds of which separated from the solution and thus prevented accurate reading. A phenol determination carried out with a 3 p. c. sodium hydroxide solution yielded about 11 p. c. Upon shaking with the sodium hydroxide solution part of the oil was emulsified, thus preventing accurate reading in this instance also. Hence the figures are but approximately correct.
1) Journ. pharm. Soc. of Japan 1906, 105; Apotheker Ztg. 21 (1906), 306.
2) Mitt, der med. Fak. Tokio, Bd. HI. No. 1; Apotheker Ztg. 11 (1896), 537.
3) Journ. de Pharm. 15 (1829), 204.
4) Report of Schimmel & Co. October 1911, 106.