The intestine is rarely the primary seat of actinomycosis, but a case has been recorded by Chiari. The mucous membrane of the large intestine was the seat of raised whitish patches, in which the yellow granules of the parasite were visible. The mucous membrane around was swollen and red and covered with tough mucus. The vermiform appendage has been the seat of this disease in some cases.
Dysentery - Annesley, Diseases of India, 3rd ed., 1855; Virchow, Virch. Arch., v. and lii.; Hecbner, in Ziemssen's Cycl., i., 1875; Ziegler, Lehrb., ii.; Maclean, in Reynolds' Syst. of Med., i., 1866; Baly, Path, and treatment of dysentery, 1847; Fagge, Medicine, ii., 175,1886; Woodward, Med. and surg. hist, of war of rebellion, part ii., vol. i., 1879. Cholera - Goodeve, in Reynolds' Syst. of Med., i., 1866; Lewis and Cunningham, Cholera, 1878; Report of cholera conference at Berlin, 1885, Brit. Med. Jour., 1885, i., 1011 and 1075, also separate Report of Conference; Macnamara, Hist, of Asiatic cholera, 1876. Typhoid Fever - Liebermeister, in Ziemssen's Cyclop., i., 1875; Murchison, Continued fevers, 2nd ed., 1873. Anthrax - Bollinger, in Ziemssen's Cycl., iii., 1875; Vierhoff, Anthrax intest., 1885; Waldeyer, Virch. Arch., iii.; Poland, Path, trans., xxxvii., 1886. Actinomycosis - Zemann, Wien. med. Jahrb., iv., 1883; Chiari, Prag. med. Wochenschr., 1884.