The mere reporting of facts will stimulate teachers, principals, and parents to give attention. For example, assume a table:

Field of Inspection

Total number of public schools7
Public schools under inspection3
Public schools not under inspection4

The reader wonders why four schools are neglected and which particular schools they are. Let the next table read:

Examination

Total registration in all schools1500
Number of children examined500
Number of children not examined1000

Parents begin to wonder whether or not their children were examined, and why the taxes spent for school examination of all children go to one third of the children. The next table arrests attention:

Treatment

Number needing treatment200
Number known to have been treated50
Number not known to have been treated150

We ask, at once, if examination is worth while, and if treatment really corrects the defects, saves the pupil's time and teacher's time, discovers many defects; and we want to find out whether the one hundred and fifty reported not treated have since been attended to.

Again, if three out of five of those examined need treatment, people will wonder whether among the thousand not examined there is the same proportion—three out of five, or six hundred—who have some trouble that needs attention. Having begun to wonder, they will ask questions, and will expect the board of health or the school physicians to see that the questions are answered. As has been proved in New York, taxpayers and the press will go farther and will demand that the annual budget provide for making general next year the benefits found to result last year from a test of health policies.

The story of the prevalence of contagious diseases in school children could be told by a table such as is now in use by New York's department of health:

Table XII

Prevalence of Contagious Diseases in School Children

(Case rate schools)

SchoolGeneral Communicable Diseases 1Communicable Diseases of Eye and Skin2
NumberNumber per 1000 Registered in Schools InspectedNumber found by Inspectors and NursesNumber per 1000 Registered in Schools Inspected
Found by InspectorsReported by Attending PhysicianTotal
In SchoolAmong Absentee
A       
B       
C       
1  Smallpox, diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles, chicken pox, mumps, and whooping cough; excluded when found.
2  Trachoma and other contagious eye diseases, ringworm, impetigo, scabies, favus, and pediculosis; excluded only for persistent nontreatment.

Another table shows the following facts for each disease:

Table XIII

Contagious Diseases Found in Schools by Inspectors and Nurses

(Number and disposition of cases)

 General Communicable Diseases
DiphtheriaScarlet feverMeaslesSmallpoxChicken poxWhooping coughMumpsTotal
Cases found in school        
Cases excluded from school        
Cases treated in school        
Cases instructed in school or evidence of treatment furnished        
Number of treatments        
Number of instructions        
 Communicable Diseases of Eye and Skin
EyeSkin
TrachomaOtherRingwormImpetigoScabiesFavusPediculosisMisc.Total
Cases found in school         
Cases excluded from school         
Cases treated in school         
Cases instructed in school or evidence of treatment furnished         
Number of treatments         
Number of instructions