This section is from the book "The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine. Volume 2.", by J. H. Kellogg, M.D.. Also available from Amazon: The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine, Volume 2.
The simplest plan of treating dislocation of the hip is that known as the automatic method. The patient lies upon the floor on his back. The operator raises the injured limb to a right angle, and places the foot of the patient between his legs in such a way that the back of the foot rests against his sacrum. The limb is then firmly grasped just below the knee, and the patient is lifted until the hip is raised from the floor. The body should be held in this position for a minute or two, by the end of which time the head of the femur will be heard to click into its socket. In case the effort is not successful, both limbs should be treated in the same way at once. If neither effort is successful after several trials, a surgeon should be called; or if the services of a physician cannot be secured, the method by manipulation may be employed. In this, the operator with one hand grasps the affected limb by the ankle, and flexes the limb nearly to a right angle, placing the other hand just below the bend of the knee. The knee should now be carried outward, the limb being also twisted in the same direction and then brought slowly down to its natural position. If neither of these means succeed, it may become necessary to resort to the old-fashioned method of reduction, by means of pulleys, as shown in Fig. 380.
Fig. 380. Reduction Method for Treating Dislocation of the Hip.