This affection is indicated by redness of the edges of the lids, and the formation of crusts about the roots of the lashes. It occurs most often in dry, hot weather, and is especially excited by dust. Want of cleanliness, and neglect to use glasses when they are required, are also common causes. It may be the effect of taking cold, or exposure of the eyes to bright light, or using them by intermittent or feeble light. It is not infrequently found as one of the results of scarlet fever or measles. It is of most frequent occurrence in scrofulous children, and in a mild form it is very often met with in consequence of straining the eyes with fine work.

The Treatment of Inflammation of the Edges of the Lids

The most scrupulous attention must be given to cleanliness. The eye should be washed three or four times a day with tepid water, or milk and water, or with a weak solution of baking soda, a teaspoonful to the pint of tepid water. When the crusts are very thick, bread and water poultices or fomentations should be applied until they are softened sufficiently to be easily removed. Diseased or stunted eyelashes should be pulled out by means of a pair of forceps. In severe cases, when a considerable portion of the lid is affected, all of the lashes should be pulled out or trimmed close to the lid. It is often necessary to keep the eyelashes pulled out for some time. An alum wash, a teaspoonful to the pint of water, should be applied daily, after thoroughly cleansing with tepid water.