Vomiting in infants is usually the result of overeating, or of eating too fast. It is frequently occasioned by sickness which results from rocking in the cradle or tossing in the arms, both bad practices. Acidity of the stomach also frequently occasions vomiting. In these cases, the curds thrown up are sometimes very large, especially when cows' milk is used without dilution.

Severe coughing generally induces vomiting in children; Sudden vomiting, in which the food is expelled from the stomach with a good deal of force, is characteristic of hydrocephalus, or dropsy of the brain. Vomiting from overeating is really nothing more than regurgitation of food from the over-full stomach, which takes place very easily on account of the shape and position of the stomach in infants, which differ from that in adults. Nurses generally consider easy vomiting a good symptom, and the opinion has good foundation in fact, since in children who do not vomit easily, overeating results in fermentation of the food, which is likely to be followed by catarrh of the stomach and bowels.

The Treatment of Vomiting

Vomiting will usually be checked by regulating the quantity and quality of food. If it comes from sour stomach, a little lime-water should be used after each meal, one or two teaspoonfuls being taken in double the quantity of milk. When the child seems to suffer considerable distress, hot fomentations or a hot flannel should be applied over the stomach.