ANTHELMINTICS are medicines which have the power of destroying or expelling worms from the intestinal canal.

ANTISCORBUTICS are medicines which prevent or cure the scurvy.

ANTISPASMODICS are medicines given to relieve spasm, or irregular and painful action of muscles or muscular fibres, as in Epilepsy, St. Vitus' Dance, etc.

AROMATICS are medicines which have a grateful smell and an agreeable pungent taste.

ASTRINGENTS are those remedies which, when applied to the body, render the solids dense and firmer.

CARMINATIVES are those medicines which dispel flatulency of the stomach and bowels.

CATHARTICS are medicines which accelerate the action of the bowels, or increase the discharge by stool.

DEMULCENTS are medicines suited to prevent the action of acrid and stimulating matters upon the mucous membranes of the throat, lungs, etc.

DIAPHORETICS are medicines that promote or cause perspirable discharge by the skin.

DIURETICS are medicines which increase the flow of urine by their action upon the kidneys.