This section of the book is from "The Complete Herbalist" by Dr. O. Phelps Brown. Also available from Amazon: The Complete Herbalist: The People Their Own Physicians By The Use Of Nature's Remedies.
This is also called mania a potu, and in common parlance it is the "horrors" or jim-jams." It is caused by the sudden withdrawal from the habitual or prolonged use of alcoholic stimulation. Its most prominent characteristics are delirious hallucinations, fear, muscular tremors, weakness, watchfulness, and the want of sleep. The symptoms are incessant talking, fidgeting with the hands, trembling of the limbs, a rapid pulse, profuse sweating, and a mingling of the real with the imaginary. The patient's face is pale and sallow, his eye is rolling, quick and expressive, and is busy day and night, and can scarcely be confined to his room. He is unwilling to admit that anything ails him, answers questions rationally, and does whatever he is bidden at the time. Then he begins to wander again, the expression becomes wild, the eyes vacant or staring, and becomes the victim of pitiful and ludicrous illusions of senses, phantasms and hallucinations of every kind; he sees imaginary objects, such as rats, mice, lice, dogs, cats, snakes, and hears and imagines the most extraordinary and absurd delusions. In favorable cases, sleep ends the crisis about the third or fourth day; where death occurs, the delirium is active until sudden suspension of breath ensues.
TREATMENT. -- Sleep is the cure for this disease, and opium and its preparations are the sovereign remedies. Give one-third or one-half of a grain of morphia; if this does not produce sleep, give thirty drops of laudanum every two hours till sleep is produced. A draught or two of the patient's accustomed drink may also be given, and large doses of opium may be dispensed with if cold applications are made to the head, and the use of a tepid bath, prolonged for a few hours. Lupulin is also a good remedy.