This section of the book is from "The Complete Herbalist" by Dr. O. Phelps Brown. Also available from Amazon: The Complete Herbalist: The People Their Own Physicians By The Use Of Nature's Remedies.
It is confidently believed that all the technical terms introduced into this work are fully defined in this Glossary. Many of the medical terms are explained where they occur, and even some of those that are here defined are explained at the place where first employed, but are inserted here also, so as to make this Glossary sufficiently complete for ready reference by the most casual reader.
ACRO-NARCOTIC, Medicines that act on the brain, or spinal marrow, or both, but at the same time irritate the parts to which they are applied.
ADJUVANT, A medicine that aids the operation of the principal ingredient of a mixture or compound.
ADYNAMIC, Pertaining to adynamia, or debility of the vital powers.
AERATION, Charging with air; the transformation of venous blood and chyle into arterial blood by respiration; arterialization.
AFFERENT, Conveying inward, nerves that convey impressions towards the nervous centres.
ALBUMEN, The immediate principle of animals and vegetables; it constitutes the chief part of the white of an egg.
ALKALOID, Having the property of or pertaining to an alkali.
ALVINE, Relating to the lower belly, as alvine dejections, etc.
ANAESTHETIC, Relating to privation of feeling; a medicine that prevents feeling.
ANAEMIA, A bloodless condition.
ANTAPHRODISIAC, A substance capable of blunting venereal desires.
ANTIPERIODIC, A medicine which possesses the power of arresting morbid periodical movements, as Peruvian bark.
APERIENT, A medicine that gently opens the bowels.
APHONIA, A voiceless condition; loss of voice.
APHRODISIAC, A substance that excites the venereal passions.
ANTISEPTIC, Opposed to putrefaction.
APHTHOUS, Pertaining to aphthae or thrush.
AREOLAR, Appertaining to an areola, or the space between the fibres, composing organs, or between vessels which interlace each other.
ASTHENIC, Debilitated; pertaining to asthenia, or want of strength.
ATOCIAC, Pertaining to atocia or sterility; sterile.
ATONIC, Wanting tone; weakness of every organ, and particularly of those that are contractile.
ATROPHY, Defective nutrition; a diminution in the bulk of the whole body, or or a part.
GOUGIE, An Instrument Used For The Purpose Of Dilating The Urethra.
CACHECTIC, Belonging or pertaining to cachexia; depraved nutrition, or a bad habit of the body.
CADAVEROUS, Pertaining to or resembling the cadaver, or dead body.
CALISTHENIC, Pertaining to calisthenics, or the art of promoting, by appropriate exercises, strength of body and grace of movements.
CAPILLARY, Hair-like; small.
CARIES, Death or decay of a bone.
CARMINATIVE, A remedy that allays pain or promotes the expulsion of flatus, or wind, from the bowels.
CARDIAC, Pertaining to the heart.
CARTILAGE, A solid part of the body of a medium consistence between bone and ligament.
CASEINE, The chief constituent of milk.
CATAMENIAL, Pertaining to catamenia, or menstrual flow.
CATHARSIS, A natural or artificial purgation, or movement of the bowels.
CEREBRAL, Pertaining to the brain.
CERVICAL, Pertaining or belonging to the cervix or neck.
CHOLAGOGUE, A medicine that causes a flow of bile.
CHOLESTERINE, An inodorous, insipid substance, forming the crystalline part of a biliary calculas, and contained in neurine and various other tumors; also in the seeds of many plants, olive oil, etc.
CHRONIC, Of long duration.
CYMIFICATION, Formation of chyme, or the pulp formed by the food and various secretions, after it has been for some time in the stomach.
CLONIC, Irregular convulsive motions; convulsion with alternate relaxation.
COLLIQUATIVE, Profuse; exhausting; a term applied to discharges which produce rapid exhaustion.
COMATOSE, Pertaining to coma, or a profound state of sleep, from which it is difficult to arouse the individual.
CORRIGENT, Corrective; a medicine that mollifies or corrects the action of a pharmaceutical preparation.