Croton Elute'ria, Cascarilla. -- The dried bark, U.S.P. 1820-1890; Bahama Islands. Plant 1.5-6 M. (5-20 degrees) high, stem, 2.5-20 Cm. (1-8;) thick, leaves 2.5-7.5 Cm. (1-3')long, ovate, lanceolate, petiolate, under side bronzed-silver, flowers monoecious, white odorous, fruit 15 Mm. 3/5') thick, ovate, silvery-gray, 3-furrowed, 3-celled; bark in quills or curved pieces, 10 Cm. (4;) long, 3-8 Mm. (1/8-1/3') broad, 1-3 Mm. (1/25-1/8') thick, silvery-gray from lichen, or brown when this is absent, the exposed surface wrinkled, transversely fissured, inner surface reddish-brown, smooth, fracture short, resinous, thin whitish medullary rays, odor aromatic, musk-like especially when burned, taste aromatic, bitter; contains volatile oil 1.6 p.c., cascarillin, betaine, resin 15 p.c., tannin, pectin, vanillin. Stimulant, tonic, febrifuge; intermittents, dyspepsia, diarrhea, poor substitute for cinchona. Dose, gr. 15-30 (1-2 Gm.); tincture 20 p.c. (70 p.c. alcohol), dose, 3ss-2 (2-8 cc.); extract, dose, gr 5-8 (.3-.5 Gm.); infusion, 5 p.c., dose, 3 iv-8 (15-30 cc.). C. lu'cidus, growing with the preceding plant; C. Ni'veus (pseudochi'na), Copalchi Bark, Mexico, and C. Malam'bo, Malambo Bark, Venezuela. All produce barks that resemble closely.

Cascarilla: bark quill. Cascarilla: 1, cross-section enlarged; 2, cross-section 8 times enlarged; k, cork; M, middle bark; I, liber.