Petroseli-num sati-vum, Petroselinum, Parsley Fruit, U.S.P. 1910. -- The dried ripe fruit with not more than 5 p.c. of foreign seeds and other matter; S. Europe, Asia Minor, United States, cultivated in gardens universally. Annual herb, .6-1.2 M. (2-4 degrees) high, stem furrowed, jointed; root biennial, conical 15 Cm. (6') long, 12 Mm (1/2') thick, annulate, yellowish. Fruit, cremocarp, ovoid-crescent-shaped, 2-3 Mm. (1/12- 1/8') long, grayish-brown, brownish on aging, mericarps 2, separate, each with 5 filiform prominent ribs, commissural suface with 2 vittae, dorsal 1-2 vittae, endosperm large, oily; odor and taste characteristic, aromatic, especially when bruised; solvents: alcohol, water partially; contains volatile oil 5-6 p.c., apiol (white crystals), resin, fixed oil, 12 p.c., cariol, apiin, apiolin (greenish liquid), tannin, mucilage, ash 7 p.c. Diuretic, stimulant, emmenagogue, carminative, antiperiodic, insecticide, germicide; nephritic, cystitis, dropsy, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea (beginning 3-4 days before the molimen); fresh juice in intermittents; root used similarly. Dose, gr 10-30 (.6-2 Gm.). Apiol, gr. 3-8 (.2-.5 Gm.); Oleoresin, mv 15 (.3-1 cc.).