Phytolac'ca america'na, Phytolacca, Poke Root, N.F. -- Phytolaccaceae. The dried root with not more than 5 p.c. of stem-bases nor 2 p.c. of other foreign organic matter; N. America, waste places. Perennial herb, 1.3-2.5 M. (4-8degrees) high, stem annual, 2.5-5 Cm. (1-2') thick, purplish, hollow; leaves 12.5 Cm. (5') long, ovate, smooth, rich-green, entire; flowers greenish-white, racemes; fruit purplish berry, 8 Mm. (1/3') thick, transverse or longitudinal slices, yellowish-brown, longitudinally wrinkled, annulate; internally fibro-vascular tissue and parenchyma, the latter much retracted; odor slight, taste sweetish, acrid. Powder, brownish-yellow, sternutatory -- starch grains, calcium oxalate raphides, fragments of parenchyma, tracheae, cork tissue; solvents: diluted alcohol, boiling water; contains glucoside -- active, poisonous, saponin-like -- starch, sugar, calcium oxalate (phytolace-ine, -in, -ic acid). Alterative, laxative, emetic, resolvent, anodyne, paralyzant; rheumatism, skin diseases, syphilis, ulcers, scabies, eczema, tonsillitis, diphtheria. Poisoning: Symptoms and treatment similar to aconite. Dose, alterative, gr. 1-5 (.06-.3 Gm.), emetic, gr. 10-30 (.6-2 Gm.); 1. Fluidextractum Phytolaccae (diluted alcohol), dose, mv-30 (.3-2 cc.); 2. Fluidextractum Trifolii Compositum, 10 p.c. Decoction, 5 p.c., 3iv-8 (15-30 cc.); Tincture, 10 p.c., mx-60 (.6-4 cc.). P. octan'dra, C. and S. America, and P. acin'sa, N. India, are used similarly. All of these furnish young shoots which in spring may be eaten for asparagus, spinach, etc., imparting no odor to urine, but when old none should be taken except in medicinal doses.