Tril'lium erec'tum, Trillium, Beth (Birth) Root, N.F. -- The dried rhizome with not more than 2 p.c. of foreign organic matter; N. America, Stem 20-40 Cm. (8-16') high, terminated by a whorl of 3 rhombic leaves and a purplish, solitary, unpleasantly scented flower; fruit ovoid, horny. Rhizome, .6-5 Cm. (1/5-2') long, 1-3 Cm. (2/5-1 1/5') broad, compressed, annulated by leaf-scars and fissured by stem-scars; rootlet scars in concentric rows on under side, yellowish-brown, internally pale yellow; fracture uneven, hard or spongy; odor distinct; taste bitter, acrid, on chewing -- warmth in throat and secretion of saliva. Powder, yellowish-white -- calcium oxalate raphides, starch grains, epidermal tissue with porous walls, tracheae with markings; solvent: diluted alcohol; contains saponin-like body (activity 5 p.c., trilline, fixed oil, volatile oil, resin, tannin, starch, ash 5 p.c. Alterative, expectorant, astringent, oxytocic; uterine stimulant, indolent ulcers, injuries. Dose, gr 15-30 (1-2 Gm.); 1. Fluidextractum Trillii (75 p.c. alcohol): Prep.: 1. Elixir Viburni Opuli Compositum, 15 p.c.