Contractions. - Cycl. Cyc.

Cyclamen Europaeum. Nat. ord., Primulaceae.

Synonyms. - C. vernum, C. neopolitanum.

Fig. - Flora Horn., pl. 28.

Sowbread. For. names: German, Erdscheiberod, Saubrod; French, Cyclame, Pain de porceau; Italian, Pan porcino; Spanish, Mazana de puerco.

Habitat. - Southern Europe and Western Asia. Cultivated in England and almost naturalized in some places in the south and east of England.

Flowering time. - Autumn.

Part employed. - The fresh tuber.

Characters. - Root-stock globular, tuberous, flattened, brown without and whitish within. Leaves all radical on long stalks, heart-shaped, more or less angular and toothed; often purple underneath. Flowers drooping, on long petioles, purplish, sweet-scented, corolla spiral over the fruit. As the flowers die the stalk rolls up and carries the capsular berry down to the surface of the earth.

Time for collecting. - Before and after flowering.

Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with proof spirit.

Reference to Horn. Proving. - R. A. M. L., v.

Proper forms for dispensing.φ and lx, Tincture only. 1 and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.