Contractions. - Euph. Eup.
Euphrasia officinalis. Nat. ord., Scrophulariaceae.
Synonyms. - E. Candida, Euphragia alba.
Fig. - Flora Horn., pl. 33.
Eyebright. For. names: German, Augentrost, Milch-dlenst; French, Eufrasie; Italian, Eufragra.
Habitat. - In pastures throughout Europe and Asia. Abundant in Great Britain.
Flowering time. - Summer and autumn.
Parts employed. - The entire plant.
Characters. - A little much-branched annual, varying greatly in size and in other respects, from 1 to 8 inches high. Stem glabrous or slightly downy. Leaves small, sessile, opposite, ovate, deeply toothed, the teeth of the lower ones obtuse, of the upper finely pointed. Flowers in loose terminal leafy spikes, calyx with 4 or 5 pointed teeth, corolla white or reddish, streaked with purple and with a yellow spot on the throat, the tube usually shorter than the spreading lobes. Capsule oblong.
Time for collecting. - July.
Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with proof spirit.
Reference to Horn. Proving. - R. A. M. L., v.
Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and lx, Tincture only. 1 and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.
Average loss of moisture, 67 per cent.