Light colored or whitish stools indicate a deficiency of bile and a torpid condition of the liver; when the stools are very dark a profuse quantity of bile is present. When the bowels are very much constipated a febrile or torpid condition of the bowels is indicated.

Relaxed stools indicate much nervous irritability of the system or the presence of inflammation; when they are purely involuntary they indicate a paralysis of the intestines and not unfrequently occur in the last stage of sinking fevers.

Dysenteric stools are painful, accompanied with straining and usually consist of blood, or blood and mucus.

Accumulation of wind in the stomach and intestines is generally the result of indigestion and in children sometimes indicates worms