This section is from the book "Dental Medicine. A Manual Of Dental Materia Medica And Therapeutics", by Ferdinand J. S. Gorgas. Also available from Amazon: Dental Medicine.
Tartaric Acid is obtained from " tartar " (a peculiar substance which concentrates on the inside of wine casks, being deposited during the process of fermentation), or from crude cream of tartar.
It is refrigerant, and dissolved in water and sweetened, is a good substitute for lemonade.
Internally it is employed as a refrigerant in inflammatory and febrile diseases, irritability of the stomach, nausea and vomiting, dyspepsia, and diseases attended with copious secretion of mucus, dysentery, etc., etc.
Of tartaric acid, gr. x to gr. xx, dissolved in water and sweetened.
In combination with an equal quantity of chloride of lime, it is employed for bleaching discolored teeth.