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Dental Medicine. A Manual Of Dental Materia Medica And Therapeutics | by Ferdinand J. S. Gorgas



This work has been prepared by the author in deference to many requests from former pupils, and has been compiled from lectures delivered by him in dental institutions during the past twenty-five years, and notes obtained from the standard works on Materia Medica and Therapeutics, and also from personal experience as a dental practitioner and teacher

TitleDental Medicine. A Manual Of Dental Materia Medica And Therapeutics
AuthorFerdinand J. S. Gorgas
PublisherP. Blakiston's Son & Co
Year1901
Copyright1901, P. Blakiston's Son & Co
AmazonDental medicine: A manual of dental materia medica and therapeutics, for practitioners and students

Ferdinand J. S. Gorgas, A.M., M. D., D. D. S.

Editor of "Harris' Principles and Practice of Dentistry" and "Harris' Dictionary of Medical Terminology and Dental Surgery," Author of "Questions and Answers for Dental Students," Professor of the Principles of Dental Science, Oral Surgery, etc., in the University of Maryland, Baltimore.

Seventh Edition. Revised And Enlarged

-Preface To Seventh Edition
In presenting the Seventh Edition of the Dental Medicine, the author entertains the hope that his labors have resulted in such an improvement of this work as to render the present edition more valua...
-Preface To Sixth Edition
In preparing the Sixth Edition of the Dental Medicine, the author has conscientiously endeavored to further improve a treatise which has become a text-book for the dental student, and a work of refe...
-Preface to the First Edition
This work has been prepared by the author in deference to many requests from former pupils, and has been compiled from lectures delivered by him in dental institutions during the past twenty-five year...
-Definition Of Subjects
Materia Medica is that branch of medical science which refers to and describes the methods and substances known as medicinal agents, which are employed in the prevention and treatment of disease; al...
-Tables For Preparing Percentage Solutions
The following tables of Dr. Sherrard, Ph. C, are simple and require but little explanation. The first table gives percentage solutions, as, for instance, 4 per cent. cocaine muriate solution; the seco...
-Abbreviations
In medical prescriptions, letters, parts of words, or certain symbols, are employed as abbreviations, to designate the substance, quantity, etc., as follows: Abbreviation. Latin Word. ...
-Measuring Liquids By Drops
In measuring liquids by drops, a glass medicine-dropper should be used, as the uncertainty of dropping from various shaped bottles should not be depended upon. The following list shows the relative d...
-Fineness Of Powder
The fineness of powder is denoted either by descriptive words (as in the case of brittle and easily-pulverizable substances), or in terms expressing the number of meshes to a linear inch in the sieve....
-Weights And Measures. Apothecaries' Weight
Scale Of Comparison lb oz. dr. sc. gr. 1 = 12 = 96 == 288 = 5760 1 = 8 = 24 = 480 1 = 3 = 60 Troy Weight 24 grains (gr.) make 1 pennyweight................dwt. 20 pennyweights make 1 ounce......
-The Metric Or French Decimal System Of Weights And Measures
The metric system is based upon the meter, which is the standard unit of length of that system, and equal to 39,370,432 inches, or about 10 per cent. longer than the yard. The metric unit of fiuid me...
-Example Of A Metric Prescription
Hydrarg. chloridi. corros.......... o | 25 Gm. Potassi iodidi............. 10 | 00 Gm. Aquae................. 100 | 00 C.C. Tinct. cinch. comp............ 100 | 00 C.C. Mix. As any liquid medic...
-Table Of Equivalents
apothecaries' Weights (and measures). Troy grains {or minims). Metric Weights (And measures). Grams (or cubic centimeters). 1/64 0.001 (1/1000) 1/32 0.0...
-Rules For Regulating Doses
The doses given in this work are applicable to adult age unless the contrary is specified; and for the convenience of students, the rules of Gaubins and Young for determining the proper dose of medici...
-Topical Remedies
Medicinal substances are applied to the mucous membrane of the mouth and to the dental structures almost exclusively for local effects. In dental practice antiseptic remedies are extensively employed ...
-Hypodermic Injection
The hypodermic method consists in injecting medicines by means of a graduated syringe with a sharp-pointed nozzle, and constructed for the purpose, into a subcutaneous cellular tissue, thus producing ...
-Electricity As A Therapeutic Means In The Treatment Of Disease
Electricity is a powerful agent in many forms of nervous disease, especially in the treatment of paralysis and neuralgia. Three forms of electricity are employed, viz: The induced current, the galvan...
-Galvano-Cautery
For surgical operations, as a substitute for the knife or ecraseur, a platinum wire is placed between the poles of a powerful battery, the wire being adjusted in a handle, which in a few minutes becom...
-Incompatibility
Incompatibility gives rise to many dangers which may in a great measure be avoided by the use of the utmost simplicity in prescribing. 'The tendency of the present age is toward mono-rather than poly...
-Table Of The Doses Of Medicines
Giving The Doses Of Official And Unofficial Drugs In Both The English And Metric Systems. Compiled Specially for Gould's Pocket Dictionary, Fourth Edition, and the Physician's Visiting List. By A. A...
-Poisons. Symptoms And Antidotes
Cases of poisoning require the prompt administration of remedies, and hence a knowledge of the usual antidotes is requisite, in order that they may be employed with effect. For the majority of such c...
-Poisons. Symptoms And Antidotes. Part 2
Argenti Nitras (Nitrate of Silver) Symptoms Corrosion of parts; sometimes nausea and vomiting and convulsions; paralysis. Antidotes Solution of common salt in demulcent drinks; albumen. Atropin...
-Poisons. Symptoms And Antidotes. Part 3
Conium (Hemlock) Symptoms Thirst; dryness of throat; delirium; convulsions; coma and death, resulting from paralysis of the respiratory muscles. Antidotes Emetics, followed by demulcent drinks, in...
-Poisons. Symptoms And Antidotes. Part 4
Iodine Symptoms In extreme cases, violent vomiting and purging; fever and excessive thirst; palpitation of heart; cramps; small and frequent pulse; occasional dry cough; and when death ensues, it is...
-Poisons. Symptoms And Antidotes. Part 5
Oxalic Acid Symptoms Burning pain in throat, oesophagus and stomach ; vomiting of a dark green or black fluid, composed of altered mucus and blood. Antidotes Chalk; magnesia; plaster from wall in ...
-The Pulse
The word pulse is derived from the Latin word pulso, I strike and denotes the striking or lifting of the finger by the distending vessel, as with each contraction of the heart blood is forced into...
-Thermometers
There are three different thermometers in use - Fahrenheit's, Centigrade and Reaumur's - each differing from the other with reference to the number of degrees between the freezing and boiling points o...
-Table Of Elementary Substances
Elements. Symbol. Atomic Weight. Equivalent. Elements. Symbol. Atomic Weight. Equivalent. Aluminum . . . Al 27 13.5 Molybdenum . ...
-Table of the Solubility of Chemicals in Water and Alcohol
Abbreviations s. = soluble ; ins. = insoluble ; sp. = sparinly. v. = very ; alm. = almost ; dec. = decomposed. Chemicals. Water. Alcohol. At 15 C. (50 F.) Boil...
-Natural Distribution Of Remedies. Inorganic Materia Medica
Alkalies And Alkaline Earths Ammonium. Barium. Calcium. Cerium. Lithium. Manganese. Potassium. Sodium. Metals Aluminum. Antimony. Arsenic. Bismuth. Copper. Gold. Iron. Lead. Manganese M...
-Organic Materia Medica
Composed of the Vegetable Kingdom, which includes plants used for medicinal purposes, and the Animal Kingdom, as follows: Cantharides. Castor. Cochineal. Cod Liver Oil. Albumen and Yolk of Egg. ...
-Classification Of Medicinal Substances
In order to impress the memory and facilitate investigation, it is necessary that medicinal substances should be classified according to their similarity of action on the animal economy, as follows: ...
-Definitions Of The Various Classes Of Remedial Agents
Hypnotics And Narcotics Hypnotics and narcotics are medicinal substances which affect the cerebral and spinal functions by impairing or destroying nervous action, having first a stimulant effect, to ...
-Anaesthetics
Anaesthetics are medicinal agents which diminish sensibility and relieve pain. They are generally in the form of vapors or gases, applied by inhalation, and possess the power of temporarily suspending...
-Antispasmodics
Antispasmodics are medicinal agents which allay irregular muscular contraction or spasm, and compose the irregular actions of the nervous system, without any special or decided effect on the brain. Th...
-Tonics
Tonics are medicinal agents which impart strength to the system, producing a gradual and permanent increase of nervous vigor, without preternatural excitement. They stimulate also in a secondary manne...
-Astringents
Astringents are medicinal agents which produce contraction of the tissues, having a corrugating power, either directly exerted on a part, or extended by sympathetic action, and thus removing morbid af...
-Stimulants
Stimulants, also known as excitants and hypersthenics, are medicinal substances capable of exciting a temporary and rapid exaltation of the organic actions, the excitation thus produced being extended...
-Sedatives
Sedatives are medicinal substances employed to diminish the frequency of the action of the circulation, their therapeutic influence being due, it is thought, to a stimulant character. They reduce vasc...
-Spinants
Spinants or spastics are medicinal substances employed to excite muscular contraction. Vegetable spinants containing the alkaloids strychnia and brucia, and employed therapeutically in cases of torpid...
-Emetics
Emetics are medicinal substances which excite vomiting, their action being independent of any effect arising from the quantity of the agent introduced into the stomach. While the action of an emetic ...
-Cathartics
Cathartics or purgatives are medicinal agents which evacuate the bowels, and are capable of fulfilling three different indications: 1. Simply to evacuate the bowels. 2. To excite an increased discharg...
-Diaphoretics
Diaphoretics, known also as sudorifics, are medicinal substances capable of producing perspiration, or an increase of the cutaneous discharge, which may be occasioned by the mere drinking of a large q...
-Diuretics
Diuretics are medicinal substances which act upon the kidneys, and produce an increased flow of urine. Remedies of this class act immediately and specially upon the kidneys, some reaching these organ...
-Blennorrhetics
Blennorrhetics are medical substances which increase the secretion of the mucous membranes, and are employed in morbid conditions of such membranes, in order to restore them to healthy action, in case...
-Emmenagogues
Emmenagogues are medicinal substances which promote the menstrual discharge, or restore it when entirely suppressed. The particular emmenagogue required depends upon the cause of the amenorrhea; for e...
-Hematinics
Hematinics are medicinal substances which increase the number of blood corpuscles, or the amount of hematin in the blood, and hence are administered in such diseases as are dependent on a deficiency o...
-Alteratives
Alteratives are medicinal substances which are capable, when administered in small doses, of removing morbid structures and conditions, without any sensible evacuation; in other words, changing, in so...
-Antacids
Antacids are medicinal substances, capable of neutralizing acidity of the blood, the secretions, etc., by combining with the acid and counteracting it. The alkalies, alkaline earths, and their carbon...
-Irritants
The medicinal substances recognized as irritants are subdivided into rubefacients, epispastics, suppurants and escharotics. Rubefacients are agents employed to redden the surface by exciting the acti...
-Demulcents
Demulcents, also called Lenitives, are medicinal substances which soften and relax the tissues. When applied to irritated or inflamed surfaces these agents diminish the heat, tension and pain. They co...
-Anthelmintics
Anthelmintics, or Vermifuges, are medicinal substances employed to destroy and expel worms (entozoa) from the alimentary canal. Their action differs according to the nature of the substance used, eith...
-Coloring Agents
Coloring agents are substances employed to communicate their peculiar color to pharmaceutical preparations. They include saffron, cochineal, red saunders, etc., etc.; and in dental practice they are u...
-Coloring Agents. Part 2. Antiseptics
Antiseptics Antiseptics are medicinal agents capable of arresting fermentative processes, preventing the development of bacteria, thereby preventing or arresting the decomposition of organic substanc...
-Coloring Agents. Part 3
Aromatic Bitters Aromatic bitters differ from simple bitters in the aromatic constituents they contain. They possess tonic properties and invigorate digestion and promote constructive metamorphosis. ...
-Coloring Agents. Part 4
Emollients Emollients, or Protectives, are medicinal agents capable of relaxing soft tissues, allaying irritation, protecting sensitive surfaces, relieving pain in ulceration of mucous membrane. Incl...
-Coloring Agents. Part 5
Purgatives Purgatives are active cathartics, and are divided into several classes, according to the nature of their action, such as: Laxatives, which incite intestinal movements without much increase...
-Coloring Agents. Part 6
Styptics Styptics which belong to the class of Astringents are medicinal agents capable of arresting hemorrhage when employed externally. They are divided, according to their action, into chemical an...
-Forms In Which Medicinal Substances Are Employed
Alkaloids are bases capable of combining with acids to form salts, and which exist as proximate principles in certain vegetables, and possess the properties of an alkali in a greater or less degree. A...
-Inflammation: With Special Reference To Oral Mucous Membrane
Definition Of Conditions Associated With Disturbances Of Nutrition Hyperemia signifies superabundance of blood in the blood vessels, but this term is restricted to such a condition existing in a defi...
-Exciting Causes Of Inflammation
These causes may all be included in the condition known as irritation of the tissues, resulting from irritants of various kinds, the action of which is immediate in producing the inflammatory conditio...
-Symptoms Of Acute Inflammation
The coexistence of the phenomena, redness and heat, with swelling and pain, the ordinary symptoms of inflammation, may, therefore, be considered as sufficient evidence of the presence of the inflammat...
-Exudation
Exudation is a process by which the corpuscular elements of the blood and the liquor sanguinis pass through the walls of the blood vessels into the tissues beyond, and results from changes in the wall...
-Suppuration
Suppuration is the formation of pus, and is the most frequent termination of acute inflammation, and is a process by which the leucocytes and the embryonic cell formed from the fixed tissue-cells are ...
-Origin And Characteristics Of Pus
Pus is a secretion furnished by the blood at the expense of the tissues, an exuberant quantity of plastic material, for which excess there is no demand in the reparative process. The leucocytes which ...
-Varieties Of Pus
The constitution of pus, which is subject to constant change, depends upon the form of the disease, the locality and the condition of the patient. When pus is of a yellowish-white color, of the consis...
-Abscess
The term abscess denotes a collection of pus in the substance of the tissues, surrounded by a wall of lymph. The formation of the acute form is as follows: The exciting cause, acting as an irritant, i...
-Chronic Inflammation
Chronic or asthenic inflammation is a process in which all the cardinal symptoms of inflammation may be present, but in less degree than in the acute form, by which it is generally preceded. In chroni...
-Terminations Of Inflammation
According to the present knowledge of this subject, inflammation terminates - 1st, By Resolution; 2d, By Suppuration; 3d, By Formation of New Tissue; 4th, By Gangrene or Local Death - Necrosis. When t...
-Treatment Of Inflammation
It has already been stated that the causes of inflammation determine in a great measure its treatment, and this is especially true of inflammation of the oral mucous membrane. As acute inflammation is...
-Local Treatment
The advantage of rest and immobility cannot be overestimated, for a simple lesion, if subjected to constant mobility, may become one of a much greater character, destructive inflammation often being p...
-Heat And Moisture
Heat is also under certain circumstances a valuable antiphlogistic. Dry heat will mitigate pain, and heat with moisture in the form of a poultice, is very commonly used to relieve the pain and tensive...
-Blood-Letting
General blood-letting is now rarely employed in the treatment of inflammation; but the local abstraction of blood by means of leeches, cups, scarification, incisions, and other means, is of great serv...
-Constitutional Treatment
Cathartics are serviceable for removing the unwholesome ingesta and irritating fecal accumulations from the stomach and bowels, and also for stimulating the secretions of the gastric and intestinal gl...
-Diet
The diet is of great importance in all forms of inflammation. Food of the most nutritious character and of a form easily digested is very necessary. Milk, pure, or mixed with lime water, peptonized or...
-Ulceration
Ulceration is a passive process, and results from the molecular death caused by insufficient blood supply, insufficient nervous influence, impure quality of blood, or the presence of blood poison. Ulc...
-Gangrene
Gangrene signifies the mortification or death of a part of the body, owing to failure in nutrition, and death of soft tissue. There are two forms of gangrene - the dry or senile, and the moist. Dry ga...
-Necrosis
Necrosis signifies the death of bone-tissue, and corresponds to gangrene of soft parts. The degree of injury, traumatic or idiopathic, which is required to cause necrosis, is much less than that neces...
-Caries Of Bone
Caries affecting bone is a chronic inflammation, with rarefaction or absorption of bone-tissue attended by suppuration; it is molecular death of bone, being a disintegration of the tissue. Both necros...
-General Remarks
In every case, the first object should be to ascertain and, if possible, remove the cause of a disease. It should be remembered that medicinal substances are always more certain in their action when a...
-Important Points In Diagnosing Affections Of The Mouth, With A Synopsis Of Treatment
The Irritation of Teething is indicated by a hot, swollen and tender condition of the gums, fretfulness, irritable temper, refusal of nourishment, fever and thirst, and, if not relieved, diarrhoea wit...
-Convulsions of Dentition
Convulsions of Dentition are indicated by such premonitory symptoms as irritable temper, unusual brightness of eyes, indisposition to eat or sleep, slight involuntary movements of muscles of face, or ...
-Hemorrhage After Extraction
Remove loose clot, wash out cavity with hot water; then plug cavity with iodoform gauze; or, cotton dipped in mastic, and rolled in tannin; or, cotton saturated with oil of turpentine, or perchloride ...
-For After-Pains Of Tooth Extraction
A single drop of nitroglycerine, one per cent. solution, in half a glass of cold water. The careful inhalation of one or two drops of amyl-nitrite for three or four seconds, followed by complete rest ...
-Pericementitis, or Periodontitis, or Infammation of the Peridental Membrane
Pericementitis, or Periodontitis, or Infammation of the Peridental Membrane is indicated by a sense of uneasiness and fullness, which is at first relieved by pressure, but, after active inflammation i...
-Alveolar Abscess
Alveolar Abscess is first indicated by pain of a constant character, which is afterwards aggravated at each pulsation; then swelling about the roots of the affected tooth, which at length becomes defi...
-Alveolar Abscess about to point Externally
Alveolar Abscess about to point Externally is indicated by the skin, for some distance around the central point, becoming red and distended, with a throbbing sensation, succeeded by a change in the ap...
-Suppuration or Abscess of the Antrum
Suppuration or Abscess of the Antrum is indicated by a discharge of pus into the nose, sometimes producing scarcely any discomfort; at other times the severest local and constitutional suffering: an a...
-Alveolar Ulceration
Alveolar Ulceration is distinguished from alveolar abscess by the presence of an ulcerated surface of peridental membrane instead of pus contained in a fibrous sac, the purulent matter in alveolar ulc...
-Maxillary Abscess
Maxillary Abscess may be due to caries or the diseases of the teeth, or to pathological changes occurring in the structure of the bone itself. Treatment The treatment of maxillary abscess consists e...
-Arsenical Necrosis of the Alveolar Process
Arsenical Necrosis of the Alveolar Process is indicated by a dark purple and swollen condition of gum, with offensive purulent discharge from one or more fistulous openings, or from between the gums a...
-Phosphor-Necrosis
Phosphor-Necrosis is indicated by pain in jaw, similar to odontalgia, at first not constant, but soon becoming severe, and extending alongside of the head, and to the shoulder, with swelling and great...
-Fracture of the Alveolar Process
Fracture of the Alveolar Process is indicated by a swollen, red and painful state of gum and tissues covering maxillary bone, occurring some days after the receipt of the injury, and, if neglected, ma...
-Mercurial Poisoning, or Salivation
Mercurial Poisoning, or Salivation, when of a mild form, is indicated by a red margin of the gum, which eventually becomes somewhat spongy and tender, with a slight fetor of the breath and a metallic ...
-Lead Poisoning
Lead Poisoning is indicated by a blue line upon the edge of the gums, and such constitutional symptoms as paralysis and colic attend severe cases. Treatment Administration of iodide of potassium in ...
-Scurvy
Scurvy is indicated by a general spongy condition of the gums, and, in severe cases, intense fetor, ulceration and sloughing together with constitutional symptoms of an aggravated character. The premo...
-A Simple Form of Stomatitis
A Simple Form of Stomatitis is indicated by slightly elevated, reddish, glistening patches on the mucous membrane, which may coalesce, so that the whole surface is involved. Treatment Emollient and ...
-Catarrhal Stomatitis
Catarrhal Stomatitis is indicated by undue redness and capillary conjestion of the mucous membrane, with engorgement and swelling of the mucous follicles, swelling of the tongue, gums, cheeks, and lip...
-Ulcerous Stomatitis
Ulcerous Stomatitis, common to childhood, is indicated by ulceration commencing on or near the gums, more frequently in the lower than in the upper jaw, and usually on one side only, and spreading ove...
-Ulcers of the Mouth due to Syphilis
Ulcers of the Mouth due to Syphilis are indicated when such ulceration is obstinate under any but specific treatment, and when accompanied by symptoms peculiar to syphilis. Treatment Constitutional ...
-Syphilitic Inflammation of the Mucous Membrane of the Mouth
Syphilitic Inflammation of the Mucous Membrane of the Mouth is indicated by a general swelling of the gums, with everted and ulcerated margins, exposing the necks of the teeth, although not affecting,...
-Gangrenous Stomatitis
Gangrenous Stomatitis, common to children during the shedding of the temporary teeth, is indicated by a thick swelling of the face; skin tense and shining; swelling becoming hard and circumscribed, bu...
-A Tumor of the Upper Jaw
A Tumor of the Upper Jaw is indicated by a graduallv increasing prominence of the cheek, which more or less involves the mouth, obstructing the nostril, causing double vision by displacing the eyeball...
-A Malignant Form of Tumor of the Jaws
A Malignant Form of Tumor of the Jaws is indicated by a solid prominence, rapid in growth, and having a tendency to invade surrounding structures, and to fungate like a mushroom. Treatment Removal b...
-An Unerupted Impacted Tooth
An Unerupted Impacted Tooth is indicated by a hard, bony tumor on the alveolar ridge, sometimes extending along the surface of the palate bone, or the body of the maxilla, and in form corresponding to...
-Necrosis of the Jaw
Necrosis of the Jaw is indicated by inflammation like that of periodontitis in the early stage, but differing as the disease progresses; gum over affected part thickened, tumid and of a red color; pus...
-Dislocation of the Lower Jaw
Dislocation of the Lower jaw, when double, is indicated by inability to close the mouth; the mouth widely open ; the chin prominent, with a distinct hollow in front of each ear. A single dislocation i...
-Fracture of the Lower Jaw
Fracture of the Lower Jaw is indicated by inability to close the mouth, and to speak articulately; laceration of the gums and hemorrhage; irregularity of the teeth from displacement of the fragments o...
-Cleft Palate
Cleft Palate is indicated by a fissure extending through the soft palate alone, or through both soft and hard palates, and which may be combined with single or double hare-lip, in which case the inter...
-Hare-lip
Hare-lip is indicated by a congenital fissure of the upper lip, and may be single or double, and may also be complicated with fissure of the hard and soft palates. Treatment Pare the surfaces of the...
-Facial Paralysis
Facial Paralysis is indicated by distortion of the face, in which the mouth is drawn to one side, being due to paralysis of the facial nerve. The eye may also remain permanently open on the affected s...
-A Nasal Polypus
A Nasal Polypus is indicated by more or less obstruction of one or both nostrils, with occasional watery discharge; a gray or yellowish mass, like jelly in consistence, can be detected by the finger, ...
-Thrush
Thrush, common to infants and children under eighteen months of age, is indicated by small, white spots, the size of a pin's head, upon the dorsal surface of the tongue, palate, velum, inside of cheek...
-Aphthae or Follicular Ulceration
Aphthae or Follicular Ulceration, common to childhood, is indicated by the mucous membrane becoming inflamed, and the formation of small, round, transparent vesicles on the fraenum, in the sulcus betw...
-Epulis
Epulis is indicated by a growth on the gums, either small and pedunculated, or large and sessile. If it is firm in texture and slow of growth, the epulis is generally fibrous; but if rapid in growth ...
-Epithelioma
Epithelioma is indicated by a ragged ulcer on the lower lip, commencing as a wart, the skin around being hard and infiltrated, with enlargement of the submaxillary lymphatic glands, which become tende...
-Hypertrophy of the Gums
Hypertrophy of the Gums is indicated by an increase of their substance to such a degree as to cause them to overhang and cover the greater portion of the crowns of the teeth; tendency to hemorrhage; g...
-Alveolar Pyorrhoea, or Riggs' Disease
Alveolar Pyorrhoea, or Riggs' Disease, is indicated at first by an uneasy sensation; then inflammation of margins of gums; looseness of the gums about the teeth, which form pus-pockets; and necrosis o...
-Irritation of the Dental Pulp
Irritation of the Dental Pulp is indicated by an uneasy sensation which develops into pain of a gnawing or burning character, the affected tooth being sensitive to changes of temperature, painful in m...
-Acute Inflammation of the Dental Pulp
Acute Inflammation of the Dental Pulp is indicated by acute pain in the affected tooth, which frequently extends to neighboring teeth and to the side of the face, but is more intense in the tooth itse...
-Chronic Inflammation of the Dental Pulp
Chronic Inflammation of the Dental Pulp is indicated by pain, less severe than in the acute form, and of less duration ; coming on at irregular intervals, and wandering, like neuralgic pains, and inci...
-Fungous Growth of Pulp
Fungous Growth of Pulp is indicated by the organ, as a result of continued irritation, assuming the form of a small vascular tumor or granular mass, attached by means of a pedicle, and which, in some ...
-Ossification (Calcification) of the Dental Pulp
Ossification (Calcification) of the Dental Pulp is indicated by pain of a neuralgic character, which commences in an uneasy feeling, and changes to what has been described as a gnawing sensation, simi...
-Hypersensitiveness or Abnormal Sensibility of Dentine
Hypersensitiveness or Abnormal Sensibility of Dentine is indicated by pain resulting from irritation of dentinal structure, being of shorter duration and less acute in character than that from an infl...
-Abrasion of the Teeth
Abrasion of the Teeth is indicated by a loss of structure, due to friction, to such an extent at times as to destroy the entire crowns. Treatment Gold caps or partial crowns, either in the form of f...
-Hypercementosis or Dental Exostosis
Hypercementosis or Dental Exostosis is indicated by an uneasy sensation in the affected tooth, followed by a gnawing pain, which in some cases, assumes a severe neuralgic character, especially when th...
-Organic Defects of Structure
Organic Defects of Structure, indicated by defects in the enamel, in the form of opaque spots, grooves or pits, congenital in origin, and due to altered functions from impaired nutrition. Treatment ...
-Odontomes
Odontomes are indicated by irregular masses of dental tissues, which result from morbid conditions of the formative pulp, such as nodules of enamel and dentine, hypertrophy of cementum, etc., some bei...
-Syphilitic Teeth
Syphilitic Teeth are indicated by notches, generally crescentic, in the cutting edges of the incisors, and peg-like shaped cuspids ; also, a dark color and soft consistence are characteristic of such ...
-Erosion of the Teeth
Erosion of the Teeth is a progressive chemical solution of the enamel of the labial surfaces of the incisors, canines, and sometimes of the bicuspids, generally in the form of a continuous horizontal ...
-Absorption of Process and Recession of Gum
Absorption of Process and Recession of Gum is indicated by a slight increase of redness, some congestion and a shrinkage of the margins of the gums, and may be accompanied with a slight purulent disch...
-Dental Caries
Dental Caries is indicated by a process of gradual softening and chemical disintegration of the tooth substance, molecule by molecule, caused directly by micro-organisms which attach themselves and gr...
-Calcic Inflammation Of The Gums Or Peridental Membrane
Calcic Inflammation of the gums or peridental membrane, or of both, is caused by deposits of either salivary or serumal calculi. The tissue in contact with the calculus becomes hyperemic, then oedemat...
-Septicemia
Septicemia is a form of blood-poisoning resulting from the absorption of poisonous (septic) products. According to Billroth, septicemia bears the same relationship to surgical or traumatic fever that ...
-Pyemia or Septic Fever
Pyemia or Septic Fever is a disease developed during the process of suppuration in wounds or the formation of abscesses, and is induced by the presence of pyogenic micro-organisms (bacteria) in the bl...
-Characteristic Indications Of The Tongue
The tongue, when in a normal condition, should be freely movable, of a pink color, and the dorsum marked in the centre by a slight longitudinal depression: a velvety appearance, soft, moist and warm t...
-Dental Materia Medica And Therapeutics. Acacia - Gum Arabic
Source A thorny tree or shrub, of Arabia and Africa. Description The concrete juice which exudes spontaneously from the stem of the Acacia vera, in the form of a gum, which hardens, on exposure, in...
-Kceikfillxd - Phenyl-Acetamide (Antifebrin)
Formula C8H9NO or C6H5N (C2H30)H. Derivation Acetanilide is a derivative of aniline, made by adding an excess of glacial acetic acid to pure colorless analine. It is in the form of a white crystall...
-Acidum Aceticum - Acetic Acid
Formula 3C2H402, or conveniently written Hc2 H302. Derivation. - Purified Pyroligneous Acid. Prepared from wood by destructive distillation; contains 28 per cent. of anhydrous acetic acid. Specific g...
-Acidum Arseniosum - Arsenious Acid. White Oxide Of Arsenic - Arseniosum Oxidum
Formula As2O3. Arsenic-Arsenicum, the metal from which arsenious acid is obtained, is not employed as a medicine in its native state. It is combined with sulphur and certain metals, and is hard, bri...
-Arsenious Acid. White Oxide Of Arsenic. Part 2
Arsenic is eliminated by the liver, kidneys, intestinal canal and bronchial tubes; and it is thought that some of the symptoms produced by it have their origin in the local effects of the poison on th...
-Arsenious Acid. White Oxide Of Arsenic. Part 3
Dr. Chas. Truman suggests a mixture of iodoform and arsen-ious acid as a painless devitalizer under all conditions. It is applied as follows: After placing the rubber dam in position, drying cavity, e...
-Arsenious Acid. White Oxide Of Arsenic. Part 4
Arsenious acid is also employed in dental practice to obtund the undue sensitiveness of dentine, but less frequently now than in past years, as its action is due more to devitalizing energy than to a ...
-Arsenious Acid. White Oxide Of Arsenic. Part 5
For Destroying and Removing Pulps. Dr. A. W. Harlan. Acidi arseniosi . . . gr.xc Cocaini hydrochlor. . gr.x Iodoformi.....gr.v to vij Either oil of cloves, or oil of cassia . . . q.s. To form a s...
-Acidum Benzoicum - Benzoic Acid
Formula C7H602= C6H5 - CO,OH. Derivation Benzoic acid is obtained from benzoin (a balsamic resin, which exudes from the incised stem of a tree of Sumatra, Java, Borneo and Siam), either by sublimat...
-Acidum Boricum - Boric Acid - Boracic Acid
Formula H3BOs. Derivation Boric acid, formerly called Boracic Acid, is obtained artificially by decomposing a hot saturated solution of borax with sulphuric acid, which unites with the soda to form...
-Acidum Carbolicum - Carbolic Acid. Phenic Acid; Phenylic Alcohol; Phenol
Formula C6H5OH. Derivation Carbolic Acid is obtained from coal tar by fractional distillation and subsequent purification, being extracted from that part of the heavy coal tar oils which distill ov...
-Carbolic Acid. Phenic Acid; Phenylic Alcohol. Part 2
The dose of carbolic acid water (Aqua Acidi Carbolici). of the glycerite, dissolved in distilled water, enough to make the mixture measure a pint, the dose is to Impure carbolic acid is employed...
-Carbolic Acid. Phenic Acid; Phenylic Alcohol. Part 3
For use as a disinfectant, the form of carbolic acid which contains about ninety-four per cent. of the pure acid and known as carbolic acid No. 4, is the best, and it may be used as an antiseptic in...
-Carbolic Acid. Phenic Acid; Phenylic Alcohol. Part 4
Acidi carbolici . . . gtt.x Glycerini..... Signa Apply on palate of mouth with a soft brush 3 times a day. For Inhalation in Syphilitic Ulcerations. Acidi carbolici . . . Aquae destillatae ....
-Acidum Chromicum - Chromic Acid
Formula H2Cr04. Derivation Chromic acid is obtained in the form of brilliant, deep red, acicular crystals, by the reaction of strong sulphuric acid upon a solution of bichromate of potash. It is de...
-Cresol - Cresylic Acid - Acidum Cresylicum
Formula C7H8O=C6H4(Ch3).OH. Cresylic Acid is an antiseptic and germicide upon the different kinds of pathogenic organisms. It is a colorless liquid having the odor of creasote. It boils at 2030, and...
-Acidum Gallicum - Gallic Acid
Formula C7H6O5. Derivation Gallic Acid is obtained from galls by exposing the powder, in water, to the action of the air, at a temperature of between 6o and 700 F., when the acid is deposited ...
-Acidum Hydrobromicum - Hydrobromic Acid
Formula HBr. Derivation Diluted Hydrobromic Acid is prepared by adding ten per cent. of absolute hydrobromic acid to ninety per cent. of water. It is a clear, colorless liquid, having no odor, but ...
-Acidum Hydrochloricum - Hydrochloric Acid. Muriatic Acid - Acidum Muriaticum
Formula Hc1. Sp. gr., 1.16. Derivation Hydrochloric or Muriatic Acid is obtained by the action of sulphuric acid on a solution of chloride of sodium or common salt. When pure, it is a transparent, ...
-Acidum Nitricum - Nitric Acid. Aqua Fortis
Formula Hno3. Sp. gr., 1.420. Derivation Nitric acid is obtained by the action of sulphuric acid upon nitrate of potash or soda. When strong and pure it is colorless, but on account of the presence...
-Acidum Phosphoricum - Phosphoric Acid
Acidum Phosphoricum Dilutum Diluted Phosphoric Acid is the principal form in which phosphoric acid is employed in medicine. Formula H3Po4. Sp. gr., 1.056. Derivation Phosphorus, a non-metallic el...
-Salicylic Acid. Acidum Salicylicum - Salicylic Acid
Formula Hc7h5o3. Derivation Salicylic Acid is obtained by combining carbolic acid with caustic soda, and subjecting this compound to dry carbonic acid under the influence of heat, the portion of sa...
-Acidum Sulphuricum - Sulphuric Acid. Oil Of Vitriol
Formula H2So4. Sp. gr., 1.843. Derivation Sulphuric Acid is obtained by burning sulphur, mixed with one-eighth of its weight of nitre, over a stratum of water contained in a chamber lined with lead...
-Acidum Sulphurosum - Sulphurous Acid
Formula H2So3. Derivation Sulphurous Acid is made by dissolving sulphurous anhydride (So2) in water. The anhyride is made by burning sulphur. It is a colorless liquid, having the suffocating odor o...
-Acidum Tannicum - Tannic Acid. Tannin
Formula C27H22O17. Derivation Tannic Acid is obtained by exposing powdered galls to a damp atmosphere for several days, when sufficient ether is added to form a soft paste, which is allowed to stan...
-Acidum Tannicum - Tannic Acid. Tannin. Continued
Glycerite of tannic acid - Glyceritum Acidi Tannici, for external use, is made of tannin, ; glycerine, Useful for inflamed and relaxed conditions of the uvula and fauces, applied by means of a came...
-Acidum Tartaricum - Tartaric Acid
Formula H2C4H4O6. Derivation Tartaric Acid is obtained from tartar (a peculiar substance which concentrates on the inside of wine casks, being deposited during the process of fermentation), or ...
-Aconitum - Aconite. Wolfsbane, Monkshood
Source Aconite is obtained from the dried, tuberous root of Aconitum Napellus, a perennial plant abounding in the mountains of Europe and Asia. The leaves and root are both used, but the latter is th...
-Aether-Ether. Aether Sulphuricus - Sulphuric Ether
Formula C4H10O, or (C2H5)2O. Sp. gr. - Of pure ether, 0.713; of stronger ether, 0.728; of ordinary officinal ether, 0.750. Derivation Sulphuric Ether is obtained by the distillation of alcohol and...
-Sulphuric Ether As An Anaesthetic Agent
Sulphuric ether is generally considered to be a safer anaesthetic agent than chloroform, as but comparatively few deaths have resulted from its inhalation; but it is not absolutely free from all dange...
-The Administration Of Anaesthetics
To administer ether or chloroform, take a folded piece of lint, of three or four thicknesses, and of a size that can be held conveniently in the hollow of the fingers and palm of the hand; and on it p...
-The Administration Of Anaesthetics. Continued
5. Should loud snoring occur, force up the chin. This manipulation, by straightening the air passages from the nose to the larynx, makes easy breathing. The forcible elevation of the chin is far bett...
-Preventive Measures Against The Dangers Of Anaesthesia
A thorough examination for sources of danger should always be made previous to the administration of the anaesthetic. An anaesthetic should never be administered on a full stomach, as an anaesthesia o...
-Treatment Of Dangerous Symptoms Of Anaesthesia
The suspension of the heart's action necessitates the immediate withdrawal of the vapor and the immediate inversion of the patient, according to Nelaton's method. The failure of respiration necessitat...
-Marshall Hall's Ready Method In Asphyxia
1st. Treat the patient instantly, on the spot, in the open air, freely exposing the face, neck and chest to the breeze, except in severe weather. 2d. In order to clear the throat, place the patient...
-Local Anaesthesia
The fatality attending the use of general anaesthetics led to the introduction of what are termed local anaesthetics, some of which depend upon the therapeutic property of cold, which is properly an...
-Pressure Anaesthesia By Compressed Air
Compressed air is recommended as essential to the dentist for relieving the pain of many operations, and also for securing better results in the action of certain remedial agents by bringing them in c...
-Liquid Air
The temperature of liquid air is 312 F. below zero. It is applied in the form of spray. Liquid air has received attention from a surgical standpoint in regard to its efficacy as a local anaesthet...
-Rapid Breathing As A Pain Obtunder
A method first suggested by the late Dr. W. G. A. Bonwell, and from which he claimed a similar effect to that of ether, chloroform and nitrous-oxide gas in their primary stages, and to render the pati...
-Airol
Derivation Airol is a Gallate of Bismuth Iodide. It is in the form of a grayish-green powder. Medical Properties And Physiological Action The iodine is so combined in this preparation as to render ...
-Actol - Silver Lactate
Formula AgC3H5O3=H2O. Therapeutic And Dental Uses Actol occurs in the form of a white, tasteless, and inodorous powder, soluble in water, and is recommended as a surgical antiseptic and germicide. ...
-Alcohol
Formula C2H5OH. Sp. gr. of officinal alcohol, 0.820; of rectified spirit - Spiritus Rectificatus, 0.838; of stronger alcohol - Alcohol Fortius, 0.817; of diluted alcohol - Alcohol Dilutum (equal part...
-Aloe - Aloes
Source Aloes is the inspissated juice of the leaves of the Aloe Socotrina, and contains a bitter precipitate known as aloin, and also a volatile oil, to which its odor is due. Its preparations are pu...
-Alumen - Alum
Formula Common potash alum: A12(So4)3, K2So424h2o. Ammonium Alum: A12(Nh4)2(So4)4, 24H2O. Source It is found native in Italy, in the neighborhood of volcanoes, and is the mineral from which the met...
-Aluminae Acetas - Acetate Of Alumina
Formula A12(OH)2(C2H3O2)4. Derivation The salt, Acetate of Alumina, is obtained by the direct combination of hydrated alumina with acetic acid, or by reaction between sulphate of alumina and acetat...
-Ammonium - Ammonia
Formula Nh4. Ammonia, often called ammoniacal, or ammonia gas, is colorless and readily soluble in water, and forms a number of volatile stimulants, such as Aqua ammonia - ammonia water, which is th...
-Liquor Ammonii Acetatis - Solution Of Acetate Of Ammonia. Spirit Of Mindererus
Formula Nh4c2h3o2 Derivation Spirit of Mindererus is obtained by saturating diluted acetic acid with carbonate of ammonia, being a solution of the acetate of ammonia. It is a colorless liquid, wit...
-Ammonii Carbonas - Carbonate Of Ammonium
Formula Nh4hco3, Nh4nh2co2. Derivation Carbonate of Ammonium is a sesquicarbonate, and is obtained by subliming a mixture of chloride of ammonium and chalk. It is in the form of white, translucent ...
-Ammonii Chloridum - Chloride Of Ammonium. Muriate Of Ammonia - Hydrochlorate Of Ammonia - Sal Ammoniac
Formula Nh4c1. Derivation Chloride of Ammonium is obtained by neutralizing hydrochloric acid with ammonia and evaporating to dryness. It is in the form of a snow-white, crystalline powder, soluble ...
-Amylene
Formula C5H10. Derivation Amylene is obtained by distilling amylic alcohol with chloride of zinc. It is a colorless, very mobile liquid, with a boiling point of 102, and the density of its vap...
-Amyl Nitris - Nitrite Of Amyl
Formula C5H11No2. Sp. gr., 0.877. Derivation Nitrite of Amyl is prepared by the action of nitric acid on amylic alcohol (fusel oil). The distilled portion obtained below 212 F. is rectified by...
-Anthemis - Chamomile
Source The flowers of the Anthemis Nobilis. A German variety is known as Matricaria, which is similar to Anthemis in its effects. The herb chamomile has a fragrant odor and a bitter, aromatic taste. ...
-Antikamnia
Derivation Antikamnia (non official) is composed of acetan-ilid, bicarbonate of soda, and citrate of caffeine, so combined, it is claimed, as to obviate the bad effects caused by many of other organi...
-Antipyrine - Dimethyloxyquinizine
Formula C11H12N2O. Antipyrine in is the form of whitish or grayish-white crystalline powder, slightly-bitter sweetish taste, and soluble in water. It combines with acids to form salts. Medical Prop...
-Antiseptic And Styptic Cottonwool
Antiseptic Cotton First free the ordinary cotton wool from grease, by macerating it in benzine for ten minutes, press and dry in the air. Then steep the purified cotton, for ten minutes, in a solutio...
-Aqua Destillata - Distilled Water
Derivation Take of water 80 pints. Distill two pints, using a tin or glass condenser, and throw them away; then distill 64 pints, and keep them in glass bottles. - U.S.D. Properties Distilled wat...
-Argenti Nitras - Nitrate Of Silver. Lunar Caustic
Formula AgNo3. Derivation Nitrate of Silver is obtained by dissolving silver in nitric acid and distilled water, and evaporating the solution. It is in the form of a heavy, colorless, anhydrous sal...
-Aristol - Dithymol-Diiodide - Dithymol-Bintodide
Formula C26H26(OI)2. Derivation Aristol is obtained by adding a solution of iodine in iodide of potassium, to an equal solution of hydrate of sodium, containing thymol. It is in the form of a red-b...
-Atropine Sulphas - Sulphate Of Atropine. Atropine
Formula C17H23No3. Derivation Sulphate of Atropine is obtained by adding a mixture of sulphuric acid to an ethereal solution of atropine. It is in the form of a white, slightly crystalline powder, ...
-Altken
Atropinae sulphat. . . gr.v Aquae destillat..... Signa Use on a compress and renew several times in 24 hours, and con- Tinue For At Least One Hour At A Time, Signa To be applied as a lotion, o...
-Aurum Terchloridum - Terchloride Of Gold
Formula AuCl3. Derivation The Terchloride of Gold is obtained by dissolving gold in aqua regia (three parts, by measure of hydrochloric acid, and one of nitric acid), using gentle heat to hasten th...
-Belladonnae Folia - Belladonna Leaves. Belladonnae Radix - Belladonna Root. Deadly Nightshade
Source Belladonna is a perennial, herbaceous plant, found in Europe, the leaves and root being the medicinal portions. Medical Properties And Action Belladonna is anodyne and antispasmodic, its act...
-Benzoic Sulphide Of Sodium
Benzoic Sulphide of Sodium is obtained by dissolving a large quantity of benzoic acid in a concentrated solution of sulphide of sodium. It is a valuable antiseptic for dressing wounds, and may be used...
-Bismuth Subnitras - Subnitrate Of Bismuth
Formula BiOno3+ H2O. Derivation - The metal Bismuth - Bismutbum, Formula Bi, from which the subnitrate is obtained, is found native in Europe and America, and generally in combination with sulphur a...
-Bromides
Bromides are diffusible agents which rapidly pass into the blood, and in large doses can be detected in the faeces and intestinal mucus, owing to a portion of the agent not being absorbed. They depres...
-Bromol. - Tri-Brom-Phenol, Bromo-Phenol
Formula C6H2Br3HO. Derivation Bromol is a compound of bromide and carbolic acid. It is in the form of soft, white needles, and is prepared by treating phenol or carbolic acid with an excess of brom...
-Cadmii Sulphas - Sulphate Of Cadmium
Formula 3CdS04+8H2O. Derivation Sulphate of Cadmium is obtained by the action of nitric acid, diluted with distilled water, on the metal cadmium, the solution filtered and mixed with carbonate of s...
-Caffeine - Caffeina
Derivation Caffeine is a proximate principle of feebly alkaloid power, generally prepared from the dried leaves of Camellia Thea, or from the dried seeds of Caffea Arabica. Caffeine was first extract...
-Calcii Hypophosphis - Hypophosphite Of Lime
Formula CaH4(Po2)2. Derivation The salt, Hypophosphite of Lime is obtained by boiling phosphorus in a mixture of hydrate of lime in boiling water, until phosphoretted hydrogen escapes, and phosphat...
-Calendula. Marigold
Source Calendula is a well-known garden plant, sometimes growing wild, with a peculiar and rather disagreeable odor, and a bitter, rough, saline taste. Both the leaves and the flowers are employed. ...
-Calx - Calcium. Lime
Formula CaO. Derivation Lime is obtained by calcining limestone or chalk, until the carbonic acid is driven off. Lime is more soluble in cold than in hot water, and a compound of lime and sugar is ...
-Calx Chlorata - Chlorinated Lime. Chloride Of Lime
Formula CaC12O. Derivation Chloride of Lime is obtained by passing chlorine over hydrate of lime till saturation is effected. It is in the form of a grayish-white substance, either in powder or fri...
-Campho-Phenique
Formula C8H11O. Derivation A limpid, volatile fluid with a hot, aromatic taste, and the odor of camphor, obtained from the chemical union of carbolic acid and camphor. Dissolve 9 parts of the acid ...
-Camphora - Camphor
Formula C10H16. Source Camphor is a concentrated substance obtained from the camphor laurel, an evergreen tree of China, Japan and Formosa, by sublimation, the crude gum being purified by resublima...
-Camphora Monobromata - Monobromated Camphor
Formula C10H15BrO2. Derivation Monobromated camphor is obtained by the action of bromine on camphor, and subsequent purification with animal charcoal and repeated crystallization. It is a colorless...
-Capsicum. Cayenne Pepper
Source Capsicum is obtained from the tropics of both hemispheres, being the fruit of capsicum annuum, and of other species of capsicum. The crimson or yellow pods are dried and ground to powder, whic...
-Carbo Animalis Purificatus - Purified Animal Charcoal
Source Animal Charcoal, called bone black, is obtained by exposing bones to a red heat, protected from the air. It consists of charcoal, phosphate and carbonate of lime. Purified Animal Charcoal ...
-Carbo Ligni - Wood Charcoal
Source Wood Charcoal is obtained by subjecting soft wood to a red heat with but a limited supply of air, by which the water, etc., are removed, allowing the carbon to remain. Properties And Action ...
-Carvacrol
Formula C10Hl3OH. Source The caraway plant, a native of Europe. Derivation Carvacrol is a product of the essential oil of caraway, which is obtained from the seeds of the plant. Caraway - carum -...
-Catechu-Catechu
Source Catechu is obtained from the Acacia catechu, a large tree of Pegu, and is in the form of large, hard, and brittle masses, porous on fracture, and possessing a strong astringent and sweetish ta...
-Chinoline Or Quinoline
Formula C6H7N. Derivation Chinoline was first obtained from coal tar, but afterward from the cinchona alkaloids. More recently it has been produced by the action of glycerin on aniline, or nitro-be...
-Chloride Of Aluminium - Aluminii Chloridium - Chloralum
Formula A12C16. The chloride of aluminium, also known as Chloralum, is prepared by passing chlorine, at high temperatures, over a mixture of aluminium and charcoal. By placing the anhydrou chlorides...
-Chloride Of Magnesia - Magnesii Chloridum
Formula MgC12 + 2Na. Chloride of Magnesia is prepared by evaporating to dryness a concentrated solution of muriate of magnesia, the chloride being obtained in the state of a fused hydrate. It is a b...
-Chloride Of Tin - Stannum Chloridium
Formula SnCl2. Chloride of tin is prepared by heating tin and hydrochloric acid together, and has been recommended for local application in purulent discharges. According to M. Mallez, chloride of t...
-Chloride Of Methyl - Methyl Chloride
Formula Ch3c1. Derivation Chloride of Methyl is produced by the action of chlorine upon marsh gas; by heating together common salt, sulphuric acid and methyl alcohol; or it is more cheaply manufact...
-Chloral. Chloral Hydras - Hydrate Of Chloral
Formula, - C2Hci3oh2o. Derivation Chloral is obtained by the action of dry chlorine gas on absolute alcohol, and is purified by sulphuric acid and a small quantity of lime ; a small quantity of wate...
-Chloral
Dose Of hydrate of chloral, gr. v to gr. xx; and it must be remembered that one-half drachm has produced poisonous symptoms. Thirty grains of hydrate of chloral are equal in effect to gr. j of opium....
-Chloralamide - Chloralamid
Formula Cc13-Chnh. Derivation Formed by the combination of two parts of chloral hydrate and one part of formamide. Medical Properties And Action Chloralamid has been used with good results in hys...
-Chloretone - Trichlor Tertiary Butyl Alcohol
Chloretone is a white crystalline compound with an odor like that of camphor. It is highly soluble in chloroform, ether, acetone, alcohol and in glacial acetic acid; also soluble to the extent of one ...
-Chlorinium - Chlorine
Symbol CI. Derivation Chlorine is a greenish-colored gas, of a penetrating and suffocating odor, very persistent and characteristic. It is soluble in water, in the proportion of two volumes of the ...
-Chloroformum - Chloroform
Formula Chc13. Sp. gr. 1.491. Derivation Chloroform is obtained by the distillation of alcohol with chlorinated lime, or by the action of chlorine upon alcohol. It is a colorless, limpid, neutral, ...
-Chloroformum - Chloroform. Part 2
In children, the free admission of chloroform into the lungs causes nervous excitement; but the struggling and holding the breath can hardly be avoided, and one or two whiffs of chloroform may be suff...
-Chloroformum - Chloroform. Part 3
Dose Of chloroform, to v, in sweetened water or mucilage. Dose of chloroform for inhalation, to Spirit of Chloroform - Spiritus Chloroformi - is composed of chloroform, , diluted alcohol, Do...
-Cinchona Flava - Yellow Cinchona. Calisaya Bark. - Peruvian Bark
Source Cinchona is the bark of the tree cinchona calisava, which grows on the western coast of South America, especially of Bolivia and Southern Peru. Different varieties are named, according to thei...
-Cinnamomum - Cinnamon. Cassia Bark
Source The best variety of cinnamon is obtained from Ceylon, and is the prepared bark of a tree of the natural order Lauraceae. It is in the form of long, cylindrical pieces, thin, smooth, and of a ...
-Cocaine
Source Cocaine is the alkaloid obtained from the leaves of the Erythroxylon Coca, a shrub indigenous to certain parts of South America, as Peru and Chili. The leaves resemble those of Chinese tea, a...
-Cocaine. Part 2
Dose The dose of the fluid extract (Extractum Cocae Fluidum,) is from 1/2 to 2 drachms. The dose of Cocaine is from 1/4 to 1/2 1 / grain. The dose of the Hydrochlorate of Cocaine is 1/6 to 1/2 grai...
-Cocaine. Part 3
Cocaine, owing to the unsatisfactory results which have attended its use as a topical application, is now generally applied by hypodermic injection, for the extraction of teeth. Owing to the necessity...
-Cocaine. Part 4
Dr. A. C. Gask recommends painting the palate with a five per cent. solution of cocaine for obtaining impressions of mouths which exhibit great intolerance to the introduction of all impression materi...
-Cocaine. Part 5
Dental Formulae To Make a Solution of Hydrochlorate of Cocaine. (4 per cent.) Cocaini hydrochloratis (cryst.).....gr. 18.228 Aquae destillatae . . . For Painless Extraction as a Local Anaesth...
-Internat. Klin. Rundschau
1. Paint the gums with the following mixture: Cocaini mur.....gr.iss Sodii chlor......gr.xv Glycerini, Aquae dest...... 2. Spray a boracic acid solution on the inflamed parts. 3. To prevent spas...
-Colchicum - Meadow Saffron
Source Colchicum root - Colchici radix; Colchicum seed - Colchici semen, the bulb and seed of the Colchicum Autumnali. Colchicum contains tannic and gallic acids and an alkaloid known as colchicine, ...
-Collodium - Collodion
Derivation Collodion is a solution of 4 parts of pyroxylin in 70 parts of stronger ether, and 26 parts of alcohol. Pyroxylin or gun cotton is prepared by adding a mixture of nitric and sulphuris acid...
-Conium - Hemlock
Derivation Hemlock is the fruit of the Conium Maculatum, or spotted (not the common) hemlock, which is an umbelliferous plant. The principal one of its three alkaloids is conine, C8H15N. which is ver...
-Coryl
Derivation Coryl is a mixture of chloride of methyl and chloride of ethyl. It is kept liquid under a pressure of three atmospheres in a recipient called a Coryleur, which is a small nickel-plated m...
-Creasotum - Creasote
Specific Gravity: 1.08. Derivation Creasote is a product of the distillation of wood-tar, and is a mixture of several phenols, such as carbolic acid, creasol, C8H10O2, and cresylol, C7H8O. Its name ...
-Creolin - Creoline - Kreolin
Creolin is a liquid cresol, a product of the decomposition of coal tar. Derivation It is obtained from English pit-coal by distillation, and is in the form of a brownish, syrupy liquid, complex and ...
-Creta Praeparata - Prepared Chalk. Precipitated Chalk, Carbonate Of Lime
Formula CaCo3. Derivation Prepared chalk is obtained by freeing chalk from such impurities as gritty and flinty substances and soluble saline matter, by elutriation, and afterward drying it. It is ...
-Mllliron
Sulphur. powd., Cretae praep. pulv. . Spts. rectificatus . Aquae distil..... Peppermint . . . . q. s. M. Signa. - After removal of all calcic deposits, use with a tooth-brush morning and evening. ...
-Croton - Chloral Hydras. Hydrate Of Butyl Chloral
Formula C4H5C13O.H2O. Derivation Croton-chloral Hydrate is obtained by the action of chlorine gas upon aldehyde. It is in the form of small, brilliant, white, silvery crystals of a sweetish taste, ...
-Cupri Sulphas - Sulphate Of Copper. Blue Vitrol, Blue Stone
Formula CuSo4 + 3H2O. Derivation Sulphate of copper is obtained by roasting the native sulphuret, or by the combination of oxide of copper and sulphuric acid, filtering and crystallizing. It is in ...
-Digitalis
Derivation Digitalis is obtained from the leaves of the Digitalis purpurea, or Foxglove. Digitoxin and Digitalin are the two most active principles, but neither will take the place of digitalis in me...
-Electrozone
Derivation Electrozone consists of a fluid which is nothing but sea or salt water subjected to an electrolytic current. It is a clear liquid, neutral in reaction, with the odor of free chlorine, and ...
-Enzymol
Derivation Enzymol is a purified solution of the proteolytic enzyme for external application, and is obtained by a direct solution from the stomach glands in a sterilized menstruum, being practically...
-Ergota - Ergot
Derivation Ergot is derived from the mycelium of the fungous growth which replaces the grain of the common rye. It is bitter, and excites heat and dryness, followed by pain in stomach, thirst, vomiti...
-Essential Oils
The volatile or essential oils are compounds of carbon and hydrogen, and differ from the fixed oils, which are compounds of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, the molecular arrangements of which are similar...
-Ethidene Dichloridum - Dichloride Of Ethidene
Formula Ch3chc12. Sp. gr. 1.225. Derivation Dichloride of Ethidene is obtained in the preparation of chloral, from the waste products, and is very much like chloroform in appearance, odor and taste...
-Ethyl Chloridum - (Mono-Chlor-Ethane). Chloride Of Ethyl
Formula C2H5C1. Derivation Ethyl chloride is best prepared by saturating an artificially cooled alcoholic solution of zinc chloride with hydrochloric acid gas; it may also be obtained as a by-produ...
-Ethyl Bromidum - Bromide Of Ethyl. Hydrobromic Ether
Formula C2H5Br. Sp. gr. 1.420. Derivation Bromide of Ethyl is obtained from bromide of potassium, sulphuric acid, alcohol and water, by distillation, and is re-distilled by chloride of calcium. It ...
-Eucaine
Formula C19H27No4hc1h2o. Derivation Eucaine is an artificial alkaloid produced by the reaction between acetone (dimethyl ketone, Ch3coch3), and ammonia. Two chemical substances having the name of E...
-Eucalyptus
Source Eucalyptus is obtained from the eucalyptus globulus, a tree of large size, and of the natural order Myrtaceae, found originally in Australia, and known as the Blue Gum Tree. These trees are ...
-Eugenol - Acetamid
Eugenol-acetamid is prepared as follows: Monochloracetic acid is acted upon by eugenol sodium, when eugenol acetic acid results. This acid is treated with alcohol and hydrochloric acid, by which it is...
-Europhen - Isobutyl-Ortho-Cresol-Iodide
Derivation Europhen is obtained by the action of isobutyl-alcohol upon 0-cresol in the presence of chloride of zinc at an elevated temperature, producing isobutylcresol. This is then acted upon by io...
-Ferrum - Iron
Chemical analysis demonstrates the presence of iron in the blood, the gastric juice, chyle, lymph, bile, milk, urine and the pigment of the eye; and, although metallic iron is inert, yet, when it reac...
-Formalin - Formaline
Derivation Formalin is a forty per cent. aqueous solution of formaldehyde, (Ch2o). It is a colorless, neutral, volatile liquid with a pungent odor and slightly irritating taste. It mixes in all propo...
-Gaultheria - Wintergreen. Partridge Berry - Tea Berry
Source Gaultheria is obtained from the leaves of the gaultheriae procumbens (Ericaceae), a small plant common to the woods of North America. The leaves contain a volatile oil, arbutin, urson, ericoli...
-Gelsemium - Yellow Jasmine
Source Gelsemium is obtained from the root of the gelsemium sempervirens - yellow jasmine - woodbine, belonging to the natural order Apocynaceae, which grows plentifully in the southern United States...
-Glusidum - Gluside
Formula C6H4CO,So2,NH. Synonyms. - Saccharin, Benzol-Sulphonic-imide. Source Gluside is obtained from toluene, a coal-tar derivative. It is in the form of a light white crystalline powder, with a ...
-Glycerinum - Glycerin
Formula C3H5(OH)3. Sp. gr. 1.25. Source Glycerin is obtained from the saponification of fats and fixed oils, and contains a small percentage of water. It is a colorless, inodorous, syrupy liquid, o...
-Glycozone
Derivation Glycozone is composed of chemically pure glycerine and peroxide of hydrogen. When these two preparations are combined, the result is a stable compound owing to the reaction that takes plac...
-Hamamelis. Witch Hazel
Source Hamamelis Virginica is an indigenous shrub, common to all parts of the United States and Canada, and usually found in stony places and on the banks of streams. The bark and leaves are the medi...
-Hydrargyrum - Mercury. Quicksilver
Symbol Hg. Sp. gr. 13.5. Sources Mercury is a metal of a nearly silver-white color, and a very high degree of lustre. It is liquid at all ordinary temperatures, and only solidifies when cooled to 3...
-Hydrargyrum - Mercury. Quicksilver. Part 2
Another method is to take one drachm each of the bichloride and hydrochloric acid, and add enough of distilled water to make one ounce, which forms a permanent solution, strong enough, in the proporti...
-Hydrargyrum - Mercury. Quicksilver. Part 3
Bichloride of mercury . . 1-100,000 Peroxide of hydrogen . . 1- 50,000 Iodine.........1- 6,000 Iodoform....... 1- 5,000 Salicylic acid......1- 2,000 Eucalyptus.......I- 1,600 Carbolic acid .....1...
-Iatrol
Derivation Iatrol is obtained by a synthetical process from certain coal-tar derivatives, and possesses the combined properties of iodine, phenol and methylsalicylic acid. Physical Properties Iatro...
-Iodoformum - Iodoform. Teriodide Of Formyl
Formula Chi3. Derivation Iodoform is a preparation of iodine, being obtained by the action of chlorinated lime upon an alcoholic solution of iodide of potassium, heated at 1040 F., the product bein...
-Iodoformum - Iodoform. Teriodide Of Formyl. Continued
Giddiness, vomiting and deep sleep, from which the patient could be roused with difficulty. The somnolence was interrupted by periods of excitement, each lasting several hours, and was followed by de...
-Iodol - Iodolum
Formula C4I4Nh4. Derivation Iodol is obtained by the action of iodine on certain constituents of animal oil. It is in the form of a grayish-white powder, which becomes dark on exposure to light. I...
-Iodum - Iodine
Symbol I. Derivation Iodine is a non-metallic, metalloid element, obtained principally from kelp (made by burning seaweed, and in the form of impure soda), which is subjected to distillation in iro...
-Iodum - Iodine. Continued
For the different forms of stomatitis, and especial mercurial stomatitis, the tincture of iodine is used in the form of a gargle; for an injection in alveolar abscess it is diluted or combined with ca...
-Iodine Tri-Chloride - Trichloride Of Iodine
Formula Ic13. Derivation Iodine tri-chloride is obtained by the action of chlorine gas over iodine. It is an orange-red powder, whose odor strongly irritates the mucous membrane. Usual dilution 1 i...
-Iridis Rhizome - Orris Rhizome - Orris Root
Source The plant from which Orris Root is obtained is a native of Italy and the south of Europe. It belongs to the natural order Iridaceae, of which there are three varieties of the species of Iris -...
-Isonandra Gutta - Gutta Percha
Source Gutta Percha is the inspissated juice of the tree Isonandra Gutta, extensive forests of which are found in the East Indies. It belongs to the natural order Sapotaceae. It is in the form of tou...
-Kandol
Kandol is a product formed by the distillation of naphtha, and is a perfectly clear, colorless fluid, extremely volatile, burns easily, and has a slight odor of benzine. It can be mixed with a small q...
-Krameria. Rhatany
Source Krameria is obtained from the root of the shrub krameria triandra, of the natural order Polygaleae, native of Peru. It is in the form of cylindrical pieces, of the thickness of a quill, with m...
-Lanolin
Lanolin is the natural fat of wool and is used as a substitute for ordinary fat for local use. On account of its being analogous to the natural fat of the skin, it is supposed to be more freely absorb...
-Liquor Sodae Chloratae - Solution Of Chlorinated Soda
labarraque's solution. Formula NaCI, NaClO. Derivation Solution of Chlorinated Soda is obtained by decomposing a solution of carbonate of sodium by one of chlorinated lime. It is a transparent liq...
-Kino
Source The inspissated juice of the Pterocarpus Marsupium, and of other plants. Medical Properties And Therapeutic Uses With Krameria, Galla, and Catechu, Kino is one of the substances containing f...
-Lithium
Source From the alkali Lithium, which is rare in nature. Preparations Lithii Carbonas - carbonate of lithium, a white powder but slightly soluble in water, and having a feeble alkaline reaction. D...
-Litmus - Lacmus
Source Litmus is a peculiar coloring matter obtained from various species of rocella, of the natural order Lichenes - the Lichen order, which grow on Alpine or maritime rocks in various parts of the...
-Loretin - Meta-Iodo-Ortho-Oxyquinoline And Sul-Phonic Acid
Loretin is a new succedanum for iodoform, and is in the form of a beautiful yellow crystalline powder, which resembles iodoform in appearance, but is free from objectionable odor, and does not produce...
-Lysol
Derivation Lysol is obtained by boiling coal tar with fat, alkali, resinous acid and resin, and contains no phenol, but principally cresol. It is readily soluble in water, and has a strong pungent od...
-Magnesia - Calcined Magnesia
Formula MgO. Derivation Magnesia is obtained by exposing carbonate of magnesium to a red heat, and thus expelling all of the carbonic acid, which is shown by a want of effervescence on the addition...
-Magnesii Sulphas - Sulphate Of Magnesium. (Epsom Salt.)
Formula MgS047H20. Derivation Epsom Salt is obtained by the action of sulphuric acid on magnesite, the siliceous hydrate of magnesium. It is in the form of small, colorless crystals, which efflores...
-Matico
Source Matico - maticae folia - are the dried leaves of the shrub artanthe elongata, of the natural order Piperaceae - pepper order, and is a native of Peru. They are from two to eight inches long by...
-Meditrina
Meditrina is sea-water charged with electricity. It possesses antiseptic and deodorant properties. It is claimed that meditrina enters chemically into combination with the mephitic odors and gases, an...
-Menthol - Japanese Camphor. (Peppermint Camphor.)
Formula C10H20O. Derivation Menthol is the stearoptene of peppermint oil, and is obtained from this oil either by long keeping or by being cooled at a low temperature. Chemically, menthol occupies ...
-Methylene - Bichloride Of Methylene
Formula Ch2.C12. Derivation Methylene is obtained by the action on chloroform of nascent hydrogen. It boils at 1040 F. and 400 C, and is a colorless, volatile liquid with the odor of chloroform. It...
-Methylic Ether - Methyl-Ethylic Ether
Formula (Ch3)2O. Derivation Methylic Ether is obtained by digesting methylic alcohol with strong sulphuric acid. It is a gaseous substance, of an ethereal odor, and under the name of methyl-ethylic...
-Microcidin - Microcidine
Derivation Microcidin is a combination of naphthol and soda. Naphthol 25 per cent. and sodium naphtholate 75 per cent, one part being soluble in three parts of water. Micro-cidine does not corrode in...
-Morphina- Morphine
Formula C17H19No3 + H2O. Derivation Morphine is the alkaloid which constitutes the chief narcotic principle of opium, the proportion varying from 10 to 15 per cent. It is present in opium in combi...
-Morphinae Acetas - Acetate Of Morphine
Formula C17H19No3, C2H4O2 + 3H2O. Derivation Acetate of Morphine is obtained by precipitating morphine from the hydrochlorate of morphine, by the aid of ammonia, the precipitate resulting being was...
-Morphinae Hydrochloras Or Murias - Hydrochlorate Or Muriate Of Morphine
Formula C17H19No3, Hc1 + 3H2O. Derivation Hydrochlorate or Muriate of Morphine is obtained by macerating opium in distilled water, evaporating to a small quantity, and adding chloride of lime, and ...
-Morphinae Sulphas - Sulphate Of Morphine
Formula (C17H19No3)2.H2So4+5H2O. Derivation Sulphate of Morphine is obtained by dissolving morphine in boiling alcohol, and saturating it while hot with sulphuric acid, the coloring matter being re...
-Myrrha - Myrrh
Source Myrrh is a gum-resinous exudation from a small, shrubby tree - Balsamodendron Myrrha, of the natural order Amyridaceae, growing in Arabia, and the northeastern coast of Africa. It is obtained ...
-Myrtol - Rectified Myrtle Oil
Derivation Myrtol is obtained from the leaves and berries of the Myrtus Communis (Myrtaceae), an evergreen shrub native of the Mediterranean countries. It is a volatile oil containing various terpene...
-Naphthalene - Naphthalin
Formula C10H8. Derivation Naphthalene may be obtained by subjecting coal-tar to a distillation, when it passes over the coal naphtha. It is purified by subliming it with charcoal, and is then in th...
-Naphthol - Naphthol
Formula C10H8O=C10H9,OH. Derivation Naphthol is an alcohol derived from Naphthalene (C10H8), which is obtained from coal-tar in the form of white shining crystals of a strong, disagreeable odor, so...
-Nitrous Oxide - Protoxide Of Nitrogen. Laughing Gas
Formula N2O. Sp. gr. compared with air is about 1.6. Derivation The discovery of Nitrous Oxide Gas was made by Dr. Priestly in 1776, and scientific investigation demonstrating its respirability, by...
-Nitrous Oxide - Protoxide Of Nitrogen. Laughing Gas. Part 2
Again, in nitrous oxide the elements nitrogen and oxygen are in chemical combination with each other, while in atmospheric air there is no apparent chemical union whatever. Medical Properties And Phy...
-Nitrous Oxide - Protoxide Of Nitrogen. Laughing Gas. Part 3
surgical period, as it is termed, is generally manifested by snoring, although this symptom does not invariably occur; when it does, however, it indicates a state of profound anaesthesia, to which i...
-Nux Vomica
Source The seed of the Strychnos nux vomica, which contains two alkaloids, strychnine and brucine, the amount of strychnine being one-fourth to one-half per cent., and of brucine from one-eighth to o...
-Oleates
Medicinal oleates are, according to Dr. J. D. Shoemaker, definite chemical compounds or salts, having no excess of either their acid or basic radicals, and Dr. Lawrence Wolff finds that the best and r...
-Oleum Amygdalae Dulcis - Oil Of Sweet Almonds
Derivation The Oil of Sweet Almonds is obtained by first depriving the almonds of the brown powder adhering to their surface, and rubbing them together in a piece of coarse linen, then grinding in a ...
-Oleum Cajuputi - Oil Of Cajuput
Source The volatile oil of the leaves of melaleuca cajuputi, a tree indigenous in Batavia and Singapore. It is transparent, of a green color, with an odor like camphor, and a warm, pungent taste. Me...
-Oleum Caryophylli - Oil Of Cloves
Source Oil of cloves is obtained from the dried flower buds of the caryophyllus aromaticus, an evergreen tree, of the natural order Myrtacea - myrtle order - a native of the Indies. The unexpanded b...
-Oleum Morrhuae - Cod-Liver Oil
Source Cod-liver oil is obtained from the liver of the cod, Gadus morrbuae, and is in the form of a fixed oil, containing biliary principle, traces of iodine, bromine, phosphorus, lime, magnesia, iro...
-Opium
Source Opium is obtained from the unripe capsules of the papaver somniferum, of the natural order Papaveracecs - poppy order, in the form of a concrete juice, which exudes from incisions, and which i...
-Orthoform - Methyl-Para-Amido-Meta-Oxy-Benzoate
Formula C6H3(OH) (Nh2)Cooch3. Orthoform occurs in the form of a white, voluminous powder, odorless, and tasteless, and slightly soluble in water. Therapeutic Action Orthoform is antiseptic, hemost...
-Oxyquin Aseptol - Diaphtherin
Formula HO - C9H6NH - O - So2 - C6H4 - O - Nhc9h6 - OH. Derivation Oxyquinaseptol is a union of two molecules of oxyquinolin and one molecule of asceptol, i. e., phenolsulfonic acid. Medical Prope...
-Papain Or Papaiva - Papayatin
Source Papain is a ferment obtained from the Carica papaya, from which exudes, on incision, a white, slightly astringent and milky juice, which contains the papain. It has the taste of pepsin and is ...
-Paraldehyde - Paraldehyde
Formula C6H12O3=3C2H4O. Derivation Paraldehyde is a polymeric modification of aldehyde (C2H4O). It is a colorless liquid of an ethereal odor, pungent taste and insoluble in eight parts of water, wh...
-Pental - Tri-Methyl - Ethylene
Formula (Ch3)2C.CH,Ch3, or C5H10. Derivation Pental is a tertiary amylene, obtained by heating amylene hydrate in presence of acids. It is a colorless liquid of specific gravity 0.6783 at 320 F., i...
-Pepsinum - Pepsin
Source Pepsin is obtained by digesting the mucous membrane of the stomach of the pig, calf or sheep, which has been scraped off, chopped finely, and macerated for several days in water, in a solution...
-Peroxide Of Hydrogen - Hydrogen Peroxide. Hydrogen Dioxide
Formula H2O2. Derivation Peroxide of hydrogen is obtained by rubbing up peroxide of barium with distilled water, so as to form a liquid paste, which is added gradually, with constant stirring, to d...
-Peroxide Of Hydrogen. Hydrogen Peroxide. Hydrogen Dioxide. Continued
To obtain the best results from peroxide of hydrogen, it should be kept in a cool place, tightly stoppered, and when required for use as much as desired should be poured from a large bottle into a sma...
-Peroxide Of Sodium - Sodium Peroxide - Sodium Di-Oxide
Formula Na2O2. Derivation Sodium Peroxide is obtained by adding the peroxide of hydrogen to an excess of caustic soda solution of twenty per cent., and then pouring into alcohol. Chemically conside...
-Phenacetine - Paraacetphenitidine
Formula C10H13No2=C6H4-(Oc2h5)NH(C2H30). Medical Properties And Therapeutic Uses Phenacetine is slightly soluble in water, but freely soluble in alcohol, and has proven to be a most reliable antine...
-Phenalgin
Formula - C6H5,Nh2. Derivation Phenalgin is a synthetic coal-tar product which may be chemically described as a compound product of the amido-benzine series. The ammonia is liberated in the stomach ...
-Phenate Of Cocaine - Carbolate Of Coacine
Derivation Phenate of cocaine, as prepared by Merck, is, as its name implies, a combination of carbolic acid and cocaine containing seventy-five per cent, of the cocaine alkaloid. It is a slightly co...
-Phosphates And Phosphites
The Phosphates are ingredients of most of the animal and vegetable foods, and a sufficient amount of phosphorus is, under normal conditions, appropriated by digestive action for the supply of the syst...
-Pinus Canadensis - Abies Canadensis
Hemlock, hemlock spruce of the United States and Canada. The medicinal portions are the juice and bark. The concrete juice, which is known as Pix Canadensis - Canada pitch, is a yellowish or faintly g...
-Piscidia Erythrina - Jamaica Dogwood
Source Jamaica Dogwood is a plant indigenous to the West Indies, where it has been used as an intoxicant in taking fish. The bark is the officinal portion, and is smooth and bright-colored. Medical ...
-Plumbi Acetas-Acetate Of Lead. Sugar Of Lead
Formula Pb(C2H302)2+3H20. Derivation Acetate of Lead is obtained by immersing lead in distilled vinegar, or litharge in pyroligneous or crude acetic acid; when the acid has become saturated, the so...
-Potassa Caustica - Caustic Potash. Hydrate Of Potash - Fused Potash - Oxide Of Potassium
Formula Koh. Derivation Caustic Potash is prepared by boiling a solution of potash until ebullition ceases, and the potassa melts or assumes a solidified consistence, when it is poured into suitabl...
-Potassium Bicarbonas - Bicarbonate Of Potassium
Formula Khco3. Derivation Bicarbonate of potassium is obtained by passing carbonic acid through an aqueous solution of carbonate of potassium, until it is completely saturated. The solution is then...
-Potassium And Sodium - Kalium-Natrium
A compound or alloy of potassium and sodium - kalium-natrium, in the form of a soft, almost semi-fluid mass prepared by Dr. Emil Schreier, and employed for the treatment of putrescent pulp-canals. Dr....
-Potassi Bromidum - Bromide Of Potassium
Formula KBr. Derivation Bromide of potassium is obtained by adding a solution of pure carbonate of potassium to a solution of bromide of iron. The iron being precipitated, the bromide of potassium ...
-Potassii Chloras - Chlorate Of Potassium
Formula Kc103. Derivation Chlorate of potassium is obtained by passing an excess of chlorine through a solution of carbonate of potassa and slaked lime; the chlorine being converted into chloric ac...
-Potassi Nitras - Nitrate Of Potassium. Saltpetre - Nitre
Formula Kno3. Derivation Nitrate of Potassium is obtained in the native state in various portions of the world; but the variety employed for medicinal purposes is prepared by purifying the native p...
-Potassii Permanganas - Permanganate Of Potassium
Formula K2M n2O8. Derivation Permanganate of potassium is obtained by the mixture of equal parts of black oxide of manganese and chlorate of potassium, with a slight excess of caustic potassa, diss...
-Pyoctanin - Methyl-Violet - Pyoctanine
Derivation Pyoctanine is only a name applied to the well-known aniline color methyl-vioiet, an aniline dye, which is in the form of a paste and in crystals. It is without color, but slightly irritan...
-Pyrethrum - Pellitory
Source Pyrethrum is a native of the Mediterranean coast, and 34 the root is the medicinal portion - pyrethri radix, in the form of cylindrical, wrinkled pieces, of the size of the little finger, hard...
-Pyrozone
Formula H202. Derivation Pyrozone has the same formula as peroxide of hydrogen, and is presented in the form of solution only. Various percentages have been produced which are devoid of poisonous p...
-Quercus Alba - White Oak
Source White oak, the dried inner bark of which is the medicinal portion, is a common tree of the natural order Amentaceae. The bark has a light-brown color, fibrous texture and an astringent, bitter...
-Quillaya Saponaria - Quillaia Bark. South American Soap Tree Bark
Source Quillaia Bark is obtained from an evergreen tree of the natural order Rosaceae - rose order, growing in Chili and Peru, the inner bark being employed. Medical Properties And Action Quillaia ...
-Quininae Sulphas2 - Sulphate Of Quinine
Formula (C20H24N20)H2O.S04+7H2O. Derivation The two important alkaloid principles of cinchona are quinia and cinchonia, which exist in combination with kinic acid. (See Cinchona.) Sulphate of Quin...
-Resorcin
Derivation Resorcin is a chemical compound of the phenol group and aromatic series, to which carbolic acid belongs. It is obtained from certain resins by the action of fusing alkalies, and is in the ...
-Rheum - Rhubarb
Source The root of Rheum officinale. It contains two acids, rheo-tannic and rheumic, a resin, phaoretin, and an acid, chryso-phan or chrysophani. Medical Properties And Therapeutic Uses Rhubarb pos...
-Rhigolene
Derivation Rhigolene is a product of the distillation of petroleum. In its composition it is a hydrocarbon, and is destitute of oxygen, being extremely volatile and inflammable, and is the lightest o...
-Salol - Phenylic Ether Of Salicylic Acid
Formula C13H10O=C6H4 (OH) (CO.Oc6h5). Derivation Salol is obtained by the combination of salicylic acid and phenol, consisting of 60 parts of weight of salicylic acid and forty parts of phenol. It ...
-Sandaraca - Sandarach
Source Sandarach is a resinous substance obtained from an evergreen tree - Thuya Articulata - which grows in the northern part of Africa. The gum is in the form of small, irregular, round and oblong ...
-Shell-Lac - Shellac
Source Lac is a resinous substance, obtained from several varieties of trees which grow in the East Indies, and particularly from the Croton Lacciferum, and two species of the Ficus. It is supposed t...
-Silver Sulpho-Carbolate - Silver Sulpho-Phenate
Derivation Silver sulpho-carbonate is prepared from silver carbonate and sulpho-carbolic acid. It occurs in the form of white, prismatic needles, containing twenty-eight per cent. of silver. It must ...
-Sodae Phenas - Phenate Of Sodium. Carbolate Of Sodium - Phenol Sodique
Formula C6H5NaO. Derivation Phenate or Carbolate of Soda is obtained by mixing one part of caustic soda with five parts of carbolic acid, and a small quantity of water, and evaporating the solution...
-Sodii Bicarbonas - Bicarbonate Of Sodium. Sesquicarbonate Of Sodium
Formula NaHco3 Derivation Bicarbonate of sodium is obtained by saturating the carbonate of sodium with carbonic acid. It is in the form of a white, opaque powder, freely soluble in water, with a mi...
-Sodii Boras - Borate Of Sodium. Borax
Formula Na2B4O7 + 10H2O. Source Borax is a native salt, but can be obtained artificially by boiling together native boracic acid (found in Italy), and carbonate of soda. California furnishes the bo...
-Sodii Saucylas - Salicylate Of Sodium
Formula 2NaC7H5O3 + H2O. Derivation Salicylate of Sodium is prepared by the addition of salicylic acid to a solution of bicarbonate of sodium ; when the latter is in excess the solution is brownish...
-Sodii Sulphis - Sulphite Of Soda
Formula Na2So3+7H2O. Derivation Sulphite of Soda is prepared by passing sulphurous acid into a solution of carbonate of soda, and evaporating free from air. The sulphurous acid unites with the soda...
-Sodium Siltco-Fluoride
Derivation When sand is fused with sodium or. potassium carbonate, a reaction occurs forming a silicate of these metals, SiO2+Na2Co3=Na2SiO2 (sodium silicate) + Co2. The silicates of sodium and potas...
-Sozoiodol
Sozoiodol contains more than 50 per cent. of iodine, and is antiseptic and disinfectant, and is a much better prepared combination than that first prepared under this name. It is employed in the form ...
-Strophanthus - Strophanthus Hispidus
Source Strophanthus is derived from the climbing plant stro-phanthus hispidus (Apocynaceae) of western Africa, from the extract of which the arrow-poison Kombe is made by the natives. The active prin...
-Sulfonal - Sulphonal
Formula C7 H16S2O4=(Ch3)2: C:(So2c2h5)2. Sulfonal is in the form of colorless prisms, odorless and tasteless'. It is easily soluble in hot water and in alcohol, and but slightly soluble in 100 parts...
-Terchloride Of Phenol
Derivation Terchloride of Phenol has recently been introduced as a disinfectant and antiseptic. It is prepared by passing a stream of chlorine gas through chemically pure carbolic acid, previously me...
-Terebinthina - Turpentine
Source The concrete oleo-resin of Pinus australis and various species of pine. Oleum Terebinthince Oil of Turpentine obtained by distillation. Formula C10H16. Oil of Turpentine is a limpid, vola...
-Thymol
Formula C10H13(OH). Derivation Thymol, or thymic acid, is obtained from the herb thymus vulgaris, or common thyme, which is cultivated in this country for the same purpose as sage, lavender, etc. T...
-Trichloracetic Acid - Acidum Trichloraceticum
Formula C2Hc13o2. Derivation Trichloracetic acid is prepared by the oxidation of hydrate of chloral by means of nitric acid. It consists of colorless, rhombic deliquescent crystals. It belongs to a...
-Tropacocaine - Benzoyl-Pseudo-Tropein
Derivation Tropacocaine is an alkaloid obtained from the leaves of a plant of the coca family, indigenous to Java, and has been isolated by Giesel. The hydrochlorate of tropacocaine was prepared by L...
-Urethan-Urethane
Formula C3H7No2=C2H5Oconh2. Derivation Urethan is a combination of carbonic acid and ethylic ether. It occurs in white crystals, without odor, tasteless, and insoluble in water. Medical Properties...
-Vaselin - Vaseline. Petroleum Ointment - Petrolatum, Cosmoline
Derivation Vaseline is obtained from crude petroleum, in the from of a petroleum jelly. In the distillation of crude petroleum there remains in the apparatus, after the separation of the light oils, ...
-Veratrina - Veratrine
Source Veratrine is an alkaloid, or a mixture of alkaloids, obtained from the seeds of Asagraea officinalis, of the natural order Melanthaceae. It is in the form of a white, or grayish-white amorphou...
-Veratrum Viride - American Hellebore. Poke Root
Source Veratrum Viride, of the natural order Melanthaceae, the officinal portion of which is the root, is indigenous to the swampy portions of the United States, and is prepared in the form of slices...
-Xanthoxylum - Prickly Ash
Source Xanthoxylum is a shrub growing in the northern middle and western States of North America. The bark is the officinal portion, and is obtained in the form of pieces, more or less quilled, of on...
-Chloride Of Zinc - Zinci Chloridum
Formula ZnCl2. Derivation Chloride of Zinc is obtained by the action of hydrochloric acid on granulated zinc, the solution thus made being purified by a solution of chlorine and carbonate of zinc w...
-Zinci Iodidum - Iodide Of Zinc
Formula ZnI2. Derivation Iodide of zinc is obtained by digesting an excess 37 of zinc with iodine diffused in water. It is in the form of fine, white, deliquescent needles, very soluble in water, a...
-Zinci Oxidum - Oxide Of Zinc
Formula ZnO. Derivation Oxide of zinc is obtained by subjecting precipitated carbonate of zinc to a red heat, till the whole of the carbonic acid and water are expelled. It is in the form of a yel...
-Zinci Sulphas - Sulphate Of Zinc
Formula ZnSo4+ 7H2O. Derivation Sulphate of zinc is obtained by the action of sulphuric acid on granulated zinc, the solution being purified by means of chlorine and carbonate of zinc, and afterwar...
-Antiseptics In Dental Practice
The term antiseptis implies the prevention of septic influence or putrefaction in wounds, and the healing of wounds by first intention or without suppuration. Antiseptics are medicinal substances whi...
-Antiseptics In Dental Practice. Part 2
Those of doubtful value: thymol, salicylic acid, eugenol, a and b naphthol, acetico-tartrate of aluminum, five per cent. solution of bichloride of mercury, and possibly some essential oils. According...
-Antiseptics In Dental Practice. Part 3
Dr. Harlan recommends the following for softened dentine: Corrosive sublimate, peroxide of hydrogen and tartaric acid combined, applied with wood or platinum points ; then dry the cavity and apply myr...
-Test-Papers For Dentists
Very frequently it is important to the dentist to know whether his peroxide of hydrogen, which is so liable to change, is still good or has become decomposed; or whether his solution of bichloride of ...
-Cataphoresis
Cataphoresis, Electrical Diffusion, and Electrical Osmosis are terms which designate a method of treatment for hypersensitive dentine, for the devitalization of pulps of teeth, for opening abscesses, ...
-Eruption Of The Teeth. Temporary Teeth
(The inferior generally precede the superior by two or three months.) Central incisors.............5 to 8 months. Lateral incisors ............7 to 10 First molars..............12 to 16 Canine...
-Authorities Consulted
Pharmacopoeia of the United States. Bartholow's Materia Medica and Therapeutics. United States Dispensatory. National Dispensatory. Blakiston's Physician's Visiting List. Riddle's Materia Medica....
-Special Note
The prices as given in this catalogue are absolutely net - no discount will be allowed retail purchasers under any consideration. This rule has been established in order that every one will be treated...
-Catalogues And Circulars Sent Free Upon Application:
Catalogue No. 1. - A complete list of the titles of all our publications on Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Allied Sciences, with Classified Index. Catalogue No. 3. - Pharmaceutical Books. Catal...
-Books
The Prices Of All Books Are Net. Classified List, With Prices Of All Books Published By P. Blakiston's Son & CO., Philadelphia. When the price is not given below, the book is out of print or about ...
-Books. Part 2
Ophthalmology. 120 Illus. 1.50 Jessop's Manual of Diseases of Eye. .... 3.00 Morton. Refraction. 6th Ed. 1.00 Ohlemann. Ocular Therap. 1.75 Phillips. Spectacles and Eyeglasses. 49 Illus. 2d Ed. 1.00 S...
-Books. Part 3
Therapeutics. Biddle. Materia Medica and Therapeutics. 13th Edition. 4 00 Coblentz. New Remedies. 1.00 Cohen. Physiologic Therapeutics. 11 Volumes. 22.00 Mays. Theine. - - .50 Potter's Compend. 6th E...
-Books. Part 4
Vol. II - Part III. Terpenes, Essential Oils, Resins, Camphors, Aromatic Acids, etc. Third Edition. In Preparation. Vol. III - Part I. Tannins, Dyes, Coloring Matters, and Writing Inks. Third Edition...
-Books. Part 5
By Dr. I. N. Broomell, Professor of Dental Anatomy, Dental Histology, and Prosthetic Technics in the Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery. 284 handsome Illustrations, the majority of which are origi...
-Books. Part 6
Electrotherapy. Illustrated. Two Volumes. By George W. Jacoby, m.d., New York, Consulting Neurologist to the German Hospital, to the Infirmary for Women and Children, to the Craig Colony for Epilepti...
-Books. Part 7
Practical Hygiene. With Special Articles on Plumbing, Ventilation, etc. 138 Illustrations. 8vo. Second Edition. In Preparation. Cripps. Ovariotomy and Abdominal Surgery. By Harrison Cripps, f.r.c.s...
-Books. Part 8
By J. Clifton Edgar, m.d., Professor of Obstetrics Medical Department of Cornell University, New York City; Physician to Mothers' and Babies' Hospital, and to the Emergency Hospital, etc. With many Il...
-Books. Part 9
This 'Dictionary' is admirably suited to the uses of the lecture-room, or for the purposes of a medical defining vocabulary - many of the words not yet being found in any other dictionary, large or s...
-Books. Part 10
Cloth, $4.00; Sheep, $5.00; Half Russia, $6.00 Greene. The Medical Examination for Life Insurance and its Associated Clinical Methods. With Chapters on the Insurance of Substandard Risks and Accident...
-Books. Part 11
Harris' Principles and Practice of Dentistry. Including Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Therapeutics, Dental Surgery, and Mechanism. By Chapin A. Harris, m.d., d.d.s., late President of the Baltimore...
-Books. Part 12
Hollopeter. Hay Fever and Its Successful Treatment. By W. C. Hollopeter, a.m., m.d., Clinical Professor of Pediatrics in the Medico-Chirurgical College of Philadelphia; Physician to the Methodist Epi...
-Books. Part 13
Special Charts will be printed to order. Samples free. Kehr. Diagnosis of Gail-Stone Disease. Including one hundred Clinical and Operative Cases illustrating Diagnostic Points of the Different Forms...
-Books. Part 14
Handbook of Structural Formulae for the Use of Students, containing 180 Structural and Stereo-chemic Formulae. 12mo. Interleaved. Cloth, $1.00 Lewers. On the Diseases of Women. A Practical Treatise....
-Books. Part 15
Montgomery. A Text-Book of Practical Gynecology. By Edward E. Montgomery, m.d., Professor of Gynecology in Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia; Gynecologist to the Jefferson and St. Joseph's Hosp...
-Books. Part 16
In this volume the author gives an excellent description of the methods of massage and Swedish movements, together with their applicability to various diseased conditions of the body. The methods ar...
-Books. Part 17
Pritchard. Handbook of Diseases of the Ear. By Urban Pritchard, m.d., f.r.c.s., Professor of Aural Surgery, King's College, London; Aural Surgeon to King's College Hospital; Senior Surgeon to the Roy...
-Books. Part 18
Per Pad, .75 Scott. The Urine: Its Chemical and Microscopical Examination. By Lindley Marcroft Scott, m.a., m.d., etc. With 41 Colored Plates and other Illustrations. Quarto. Cloth, $5.00 Scoville....
-Books. Part 19
Outlines of Practical Histology. 368 Illustrations. Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged. With new Illustrations. 12mo. Cloth, $2.00 Stohr. Text-Book of Histology, Including the Microscopical Techni...
-Books. Part 20
Refraction and How to Refract. Second Edition. With 200 Illustrations, most of which are made from Original Drawings, and 13 of which are in Colors. Second Edition, Revised. 12mo. Cloth, $1.50 Synop...
-Books. Part 21
*** Sample Pages and Illustrations sent free upon application. Guide to the Examination of Urine. For the Use of Physicians and Students. With Colored Plate and Numerous Illustrations Engraved on Wo...
-Books. Part 22
Williams. Manual of Bacteriology. Second Edition. By Herbert U. Williams, m.d., Professor of Pathology and Bacteriology, Medical Department, University of Buffalo. Second Edition, Revised. 90 Illus. ...
-Books. Part 23
No. 3. Practice Of Medicine. Part II. Sixth Edition, Revised, Enlarged, and Improved. Same author as No. 2. No. 4. Physiology. Tenth Edition, with new Illustrations. Enlarged and Revised. By A. P. B...
-Books. Part 24
W. A. Hardaway, A.M., M.D., St. Louis. John C. Hemmeter, M.B., M.D., Baltimore. Barton Cooke Hirst, M.D., Philadelphia. Bayard Holmes, M.D., Chicago. Orville Horwitz, B.S., M.D., Philadelphia. Da...
-Books. Part 25
From The Philadelphia Medical Journal. Many members of the profession to whom Dr. Deaver is well known either personally or by reputation as a surgeon, writer, teacher, and practical anatomist, have...
-Books. Part 26
This is an excellent book on a fascinating subject, and the author deserves the thanks of the English-speaking medical world for his labor in getting it up. There are works enough on general anatomy,...
-Gorgas Standard Books on Dentistry
Broomell. Anatomy and Histology of the Human Mouth and Teeth. By Dr. I. Norman Broomell, Professor of Anatomy, Dental Histology, and Prosthetic Technics in the Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery, ...







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