Formula

C6H12O3=3C2H4O.

Derivation

Paraldehyde is a polymeric modification of aldehyde (C2H4O). It is a colorless liquid of an ethereal odor, pungent taste and insoluble in eight parts of water, which is a proper menstruum. It is frequently combined with chloroform, oil of almonds and syrup of orange peel, or cinnamon.

Medical Properties And Therapeutic Uses

Paraldehyde is an efficient hypnotic, similar in its effects to chloral, although the sleep caused by it is not so deep nor so prolonged. As it does not weaken or paralyze the heart or lungs, it is considered to be safer than chloral. It is employed as an hypnotic in fevers, rheumatism, gout, prurigo, insomnia, hysterics, delirium tremens, some cases of neuralgia, and all mental and nervous disorders. It is also used as an expectorant. Poisonous doses cause respiratory paralysis. The action of paraldehyde upon digestion is as follows: a. Large quantities considerably accelerated the digestion of fibrin, and that the rate of this acceleration was distinctly in ratio with the quantity used.

b. Small quantities also increased, but to a less degree, the digestion of fibrin.

c. Putrefaction was prevented by the larger quantities of paraldehyde, and was delayed by the smaller quantities.

to Medical Properties And Therapeutic Uses 1269 repeated if necessary.