Iodine

Symptoms

In extreme cases, violent vomiting and purging; fever and excessive thirst; palpitation of heart; cramps; small and frequent pulse; occasional dry cough; and when death ensues, it is probably due to gastro-enteritis. In excessive doses, it acts as an irritant poison, giving rise to such symptoms as restlessness; burning sensation; palpitation; violent priapism; frequent pulse; excessive thirst; extreme diarrhoea; trembling; extreme emaciation, and sometimes syncope.

Antidotes

Emetics and demulcent drinks; starch or flour diffused in water; albumen; milk; opium and external heat.

Lead Salts

Symptoms

A dry and constricted throat; pain in stomach and bowels; colic; paralysis of extensor muscles; apoplectic symptoms.

Antidotes

Any soluble sulphate, either magnesia or soda; Epsom salts, followed by emetics, and afterwards opium and milk; iodide of potassium.

Morphine (See Opium). Mercury

When in the form of the bichloride (corrosive sublimate), or nitrate of mercury, see corrosive sublimate.

Nux Vomica

Symptoms

Spasmodic twitching of muscles; violent movement of limbs; tetanic spasms; dyspnoea; death.

Antidotes

Thirty grains of choral and 60 grains of bromide of potassium. Nitrate of amyl.

Opium

Symptoms

Increasing drowsiness; giddiness; stupor; insensibility: stertorous breathing; feeble pulse; contracted pupil; coma; convulsions; death.

Antidotes

Emetic of 10 grs. of sulphate of copper; stomach pump; stimulants, external and internal; brandy and coffee; artificial respiration; cold affusion; ammonia to nostrils; enforced exertion; galvanic shocks; belladonna; tannic acid; animal charcoal; atropine hypodermically.