Conium (Hemlock)

Symptoms

Thirst; dryness of throat; delirium; convulsions; coma and death, resulting from paralysis of the respiratory muscles.

Antidotes

Emetics, followed by demulcent drinks, internal and external stimulants, as brandy; ammonia; coffee, if coma is present; tannic acid; animal charcoal.

Corrosive Sublimate

Symptoms

Heat and pain of a burning nature in mouth, and throat, and stomach; nausea; vomiting of bloody mucus; diarrhoea; dysentery; cramps; convulsions; coma and death.

Antidotes

Albumen; milk; white of egg (white of 1 egg to every 4 grs. of corrosive sublimate taken); flour; perchloride of tin; iron and zinc (iron filings 2 parts and zinc I part); emetics; stomach-pump.

Creasote (See Carbolic Acid). Croton Oil

Symptoms

Irritation of mucous membrane; burning pain along course of alimentary tract; excessive purging; inflammation of stomach and intestines.

Antidotes

Emetic of sulphate of copper, 10 grs., followed by mucilaginous fluids containing opium, to allay the pain; olive oil; opium.

Sulphate Of Copper

Symptoms

Metallic taste; eructations; violent emesis and purging; cramps in limbs; griping pains; headache; giddiness; convulsions; coma and death, with symptoms of a disordered condition of the nervous system.

Antidotes

Albumen or white of egg; yellow prussiate of potash, or soap.

Digitalis

Symptoms

Nausea; vomiting; purging; feeble or slow and irregular pulse; dilated pupils; excessive debility; stupor; convulsions; coma and death.

Antidotes

Recumbent posture after the use of such emetics as sulphate of zinc; stimulate internally and externally; tannic acid; animal charcoal; tincture of aconite.

Hydrocyanic Acid

Symptoms

Dilated pupils; spasmodic breathing; convulsions; insensibility; fixed eyes; spasmodic closure of jaws; very feeble pulse and speedy death.

Antidotes

Fresh air and artificial respiration, with cold affusion upon head and neck; freshly precipitated oxide of iron, with an alkaline carbonate, such as carbonate of ammonia; chlorine; ammonia by inhalation and injection in vein of leg. 5

Hyoscyamus

Symptoms

A feeling of giddiness, followed by delirium; dilated pupils; fullness about the head; drowsiness; cold perspiration; paralysis; exhaustion; death.

Antidotes

Stomach pump; emetics; stimulants, external and internal; lemon juice; strong coffee.