Argenti Nitras (Nitrate of Silver)

Symptoms

Corrosion of parts; sometimes nausea and vomiting and convulsions; paralysis.

Antidotes

Solution of common salt in demulcent drinks; albumen.

Atropine

Symptoms

Insatiable thirst, with dryness of mouth and throat; nausea; giddiness; palpitation of heart; intensely dilated pupil, coma and death.

Antidotes

Emetics; sulphate of copper (gr. x); cold to head; ammonia, externally and internally; opium; animal charcoal; calabar bean; stimulants; subcutaneous injection of morphia; mustard flour in water; cold to head.

Belladonna

Symptoms

Same as those of atropine. Antidotes. - Same as for atropine.

Cannabis Indica (Indian Hemp)

Symptoms

Temporary insanity, as shown by a singular gait, a constant rubbing of hands, and other strange actions, a peculiar and cunning appearance of the eyes, great hunger.

Antidotes

Hot brandy and water; vegetable acids, such as lemon-juice, vinegar, etc.; blisters to nape of neck; indulgence in sleep.

Cantharides

Symptoms

A burning pain in the stomach; vomiting and purging; blood-stained urine; pain in loins, strangury; priapism; convulsions; death.

Antidotes

Emetics; emollient or mucilaginous drinks; opiates by mouth and rectum; venesection, if necessary.

Carbolic Acid

Symptoms

When taken internally, it causes pain in the stomach; a whitened and shriveled appearance of the mucous membrane of the lips, mouth and throat; sometimes vomiting; contracted pupils; stertorous breathing; coma, and death within a period of from five to ten minutes to eight or ten hours, according to the quantity of the acid swallowed.

Antidotes

Olive oil; castor oil; lime water; saccharate of lime; precipitated carbonate of lime; albuminous and mucilaginous substances; any soluble sulphate, such as magnesia.

Chlorine Water

Symptoms

Irritation of air passages; burning pain in the throat and stomach; vomiting of bloody mucus. Antidotes. - Albumen; white of egg; milk; flour.

Chloral

Symptoms

Excitement; delirium; flushed face; cramps in limbs; eyes closed; profound unconsciousness; stertorous breathing; increasing feebleness; lividity of countenance; loss of pulse; pallor; coldness of extremities; muscular relaxation; death from cardiac syncope.

Antidotes

Nitrate of amyl, when the poison has been taken in large quantity; strychnia, when the action of the poison is slow and culminative. According to some authorities, picrotine, 1/20 gr., sufficient for 30 grs. of chloral; coffee.

Chloroform

Symptoms

Drowsiness; insensibility; stertorous, rapid breathing; weak pulse; dilatation of pupils; relaxation of muscles; coldness of surface; increasing feebleness of pulse; heart ceasing its action.

Antidotes

Fresh air; artificial respiration (inclining head down, tongue pulled forward), cold water dashed over face and chest; galvanism to pneumogastric and through diaphragm (one pole may be applied to nape of neck and the other to the pit of the stomach); brandy and ammonia enemata; hypodermic injection of 15Antidotes 314 of tincture of digitalis, and 1/60 gr. of atropine, or hypodermic injection of I drachm of ether; inhalation of nitrate of amyl; tracheotomy.