Derivation

Ergot is derived from the mycelium of the fungous growth which replaces the grain of the common rye. It is bitter, and excites heat and dryness, followed by pain in stomach, thirst, vomiting and intestinal pain and sometimes purging. Small doses, long continued, cause spasms and death, by coma and asphyxia; gangrene of the lower extremities may follow its prolonged use.

Medical Properties And Physiological Action

Ergot is a stimulant to and causes contraction of the involuntary or unstriped muscular fibres of the uterus, and smaller blood vessels. It is employed to produce contraction of the uterus in child-birth. It 25 is also administered in chronic diarrhoea and dysentery, enlarged heart without valvular lesion, gonorrhoea, acne rosacea, etc., etc. It is very serviceable in the hemorrhagic diathesis where there is a want of tonicity of the vessels; also used in epistaxis, uterine, renal and intestinal hemorrhage, and in hemoptysis, bleeding of hemorrhoids, etc.

Dose

Of the fluid extract for internal use, Dose 1019 to ; of the wine of ergot, to ; of the aqueous extract dissolved in water the hypodermic dose is gr. 1/4 to gr. iij.

Dental Uses

Ergot in the form of the fluid extract - Extractum Ergotae Fluidum - is useful, as an internal remedy, in the treatment of hemorrhage of the gums, and that following the extraction of teeth when it is excessive and persistent.

For Alveolar Hemorrhage. Dr. Glassington.

Liquid extract of ergot..............

Dilute sulphuric acid................gtt.40

Water.....................to

Signa

Two tablespoonfuls every half hour until hemorrhage ceases.

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