This section is from the book "Dental Medicine. A Manual Of Dental Materia Medica And Therapeutics", by Ferdinand J. S. Gorgas. Also available from Amazon: Dental Medicine.
Iatrol is an impalpable white powder, without odor, slightly astringent, of acrid taste, non-toxic, non-irritant, stainless; unaffected by ordinary conditions of light and heat, and does not decompose under the action of metallic oxides, salts of mercury, or alkalies. It is readily soluble in alcohol, ether and chloroform; but insoluble in cold water, glycerine, the fixed oils and vaseline. It is slightly soluble in warm water. It may, however, be incorporated with the insolubles mentioned, in the form of ointments, suppositories, etc.
Iatrol is antiseptic, aseptic, astringent, antizymotic, germicide, cicatrizant and parasiticide; also, slightly anaesthetic (local). Internally, iatrol is antiseptic and possesses slight analgesic and antipyretic action. Externally it is applied in the form of a dry dusting powder, and promotes rapid healing of incised and lacerated wounds, burns and ulcers. It is also employed by insufflation, in catarrhal conditions of the ear, nose, and throat. It is also used in chancres, chancroids and mucous patches with advantage. Internally iatrol is employed for fermentative conditions of the alimentary canal.
Internally, gr. j to ij, either alone or combined with nux vomica, bismuth, or podophyllin.
Iatrol is employed as an antiseptic and germicide in all pathological conditions of the oral cavity where iodoform, iodol, aristol, etc., may be indicated. It is also incorporated in a dentifrice with satisfactory results. For mucous patches and ulcers of the mouth it possesses advantages over many other antiseptic and germicidal agents in being non-toxic, non-irritant, and odorless.