Source

Quillaia Bark is obtained from an evergreen tree of the natural order Rosaceae - rose order, growing in Chili and Peru, the inner bark being employed.

Medical Properties And Action

Quillaia bark, when bruised and macerated in water, imparts to that liquid the property of frothing like soap solution when agitated, which is owing to the saponaria in the bark, the same principle which imparts a similar property to soapwort - saponaria officinalis. Quillaia contains no tannic acid or other bitter principle, and is an article of commerce, being imported in large quantities for cleansing grease from cloth, as it does not change the color of silken or woolen goods; it is also used for cleansing the hair, which it is supposed to preserve and beautify. When the powder is snuffed up the nostrils, it causes sneezing and a profuse nasal discharge.

Therapeutic Uses

Quillaia bark has been employed as a febrifuge, to arrest excessive secretion, as an application to ulcers, as a remedy for colds in the head, when it is used as a sternutatory, in the form of powder.

The tincture is composed of quillaia bark I part; alcohol 5 parts; it is also used in the form of infusion and fluid extract.

Dental Uses

Quillaia bark, in the form of powder, tincture and fluid extract, is employed as an ingredient of mouth washes, for its frothy and detergent properties; it is also used as an application to chronic ulcers of the mouth, and to arrest excessive secretion of the mucous membrane of the mouth.

Dental Formulae

Detergent Mouth Wash. Am. Journ. Pharm.

Pulv. potassii bicarbonatis.....

Mellis......

Alcoholis.....

Olei caryophylli . . Olei gaultheriae, Quillaiae saponariae

(fluid ext.) . aa . Aqua destillatae . . To be used after the removal of salivary calculus.

Dental Formulae 1374Dental Formulae 1375

For a Mouth Wash.

Pulv. quillaiae; saponariae......

Glycerini.....

Alcoholis dilutus sufficient for two pints. Olei gaultheriae . . gtt.xx Olei menthae . . . gtt.xx. M. Macerate the soap bark in the mixture of glycerine and alcohol for three days, and filter through a little magnesia previously triturated with the volatile oils.

Dental Formulae 1376Dental Formulae 1377

For Inflamed Gums and Mucous Membrane.

Prof. Chapin A. Harris.

Quillaiae saponariae . Pyrethri, Radicis iridis, Acidi benzoici, Cinnamomi . . . aa Acidi tannici .... Sodii boratis .... Olei gaultheriae . Olei menthae ....

Cochineal .....

Sacchari albi ....

Alcoholis......

Aquae purse.....

Dental Formulae 1378Dental Formulae 1379

Digest for six days and filter. Signa. - To be used as a gargle or mouth wash.

Mouth Wash.

Dr. W. H. Fowler.

Fluid Ext. Soap Tree

Bark......

Alcohol .....

Glycerine.....

Hamamelis (Pond's

Extract).....

Oil of wintergreen . . Oil of cloves ....

Soft water.....

Dissolve the oils in the alcohol and then add the other ingredients.

Dental Formulae 1380Dental Formulae 1381Dental Formulae 1382