This section is from the book "Dental Medicine. A Manual Of Dental Materia Medica And Therapeutics", by Ferdinand J. S. Gorgas. Also available from Amazon: Dental Medicine.
The concrete oleo-resin of Pinus australis and various species of pine.
Oil of Turpentine obtained by distillation.
Oil of Turpentine is a limpid, volatile, colorless oil, with a hot pungent taste and a strong peculiar odor. It is slightly soluble in water. In small doses it increases the action of the heart, elevates the arterial tension and causes a sense of warmth and exhilaration.
In large doses it causes thirst, fever, vomiting, weakness and a species of intoxication. In poisonous doses there is complete muscular relaxation, insensibility, flushed face, dilated pupils, labored and stertorous breathing. It stimulates the vaso-motor system, and has marked antiseptic properties, arresting fermentation and putrefaction, and destroying micro-organisms. Inhalation of the vapor of turpentine causes headache, nasal and bronchial irritation, ecchymosis of the air-passages, hyperaemia of the kidneys and congestion of the lungs.
The ozonized oil of turpentine is an antidote to phosphorus, by the power it possesses of converting the agent into an insoluble substance ; and a vial of turpentine worn about the neck prevents necrosis of the jaw and steatosis in workmen using phosphorus in manufactories.
Sanitas is a highly ozonized preparation of turpentine, and is used as an antidote to phosphorus poisoning. (See oil of Sanitas.)
Oil of turpentine is employed in flatulence, colic, chronic intestinal catarrh, constipation and as an anthelmintic; also in passive hemorrhages from mucous surfaces, taenia and as a stimulant in low fevers. In the form of enemata for colic, tympanitic distension and impaction of faeces, etc; in the form of liniment for myalgia, neuralgia, lumbago, etc.; also for burns, erysipelas and chilblains.
(C10H16) is a hydrocarbon formed by the distillation of turpentine with an alkali. Terebinthene is converted by hydration into a solid crystalline body, known as terpine; and terpine is converted into terpinol by an acid. Terebene is derived from turpentine by the action of sulphuric acid. These derivations are used in bronchitis, broncho-pneumonia, asthma, etc. In dental practice terpinol is employed as an antiseptic, disinfectant and sterilizer.
Oil of turpentine,
to; of terebinthene-terpine, gr. v to gr. xx ; or terpinol, gr. ij to gr. v ; of terebene, to xx.
Liniment of Turpentine is composed of oil of turpentine thirty-five parts and resin cerate sixty-five parts.
Oil of Sanitas - Oleum Sanitas, is obtained by the oxidation of oil of turpentine floating on water, by directing a stream of heated air on its surface. Sanitas oil is an antiseptic and disinfectant, possessing considerable oxydizing power. It is non-irritant and non-poisonous, and its odor is similar to that of fresh pine. The oils of cinnamon, gaultheria and sassafras will disguise its odor. In dental practice, the oil of sanitas has been very successfully employed in alveolar pyorrhoea, alveolar abscess, diseases of mucous membrane, exposed pulps, abscess of the antrum, foul ulcers, wounds and ulcerated sore throat; also as a protection against phosphorus poisoning and phosphor-necrosis of the jaw.
The oil of turpentine is employed as a styptic in dental hemorrhage, applied on cotton after the loose clot is removed, and the cavity thoroughly washed out with hot water. For hemorrhage following the removal of single root teeth, it is recommended to wrap the root of the extracted tooth with a few shreds of cotton saturated with oil of turpentine and return it to its cavity.
Oil of turpentine is also employed as a sterilizer of surgical and dental instruments, gauze, bandages, towels, etc. The method, which is simple, consists in placing the oil of turpentine in flat, large-mouthed bottles at the bottom of each case or drawer, the volatility of the agent causing the vapor to impregnate the surrounding air.
A new preparation in which are embodied formol and salitrol, coal-tar derivatives. It is non-irritating and possesses antiseptic properties. It is recommended as a dentifrice which is said to contain no soap, acid or alkali.
For Dental Hemorrhages from Constitutional Vice.
Tinct. ferri ses chloride.............
Dose: A teaspoonful every hour.