This section is from the book "Materia Medica And Therapeutics: An Introduction to the National Treatment of Disease", by John Mitchell Bruce. Also available from Amazon: The pharmacology and therapeutics of the materia medica.
The dried unripe berries of the Allspice tree, Eugenia Pimenta. West Indies.
Characters. - Of the size of a small pea, brown, rough, crowned with the teeth of the calyx, yellowish within, and containing two dark brown seeds. Odour and taste aromatic, hot, and peculiar.
Substances resembling Pimenta: Pepper, which has no calyx.
Composition. - Pimento contains chiefly the officinal volatile oil, identical with oil of cloves.
Aqua Pimentae. 1 in 11 1/2, by distillation. Dose, 1 to 2 oz.
Pimenta is also contained in Syrupus Rhamni.