The ripe fruit of the Vitis vinifera, dried either wholly or partly by the sun. Spain.

Composition. - They contain grape-sugar and acid tartrate of potassium.

Preparations.

Tinctura Cardamomi Composita. „ Sennae.

Uses. - They are used to sweeten preparations. They are a useful stimulant in weariness from mental work (p. 193); and in active physical exertion, such as alpine climbing, they not only tend to maintain the strength and prevent exhaustion, but they somewhat relieve thirst when water cannot be had (p. 360).

Vinum Xericum, B.P. Sherry Wine. Vinum Album, U.S.P. White Wine. - A pale amber or straw-coloured alcoholic liquid, made by fermenting the unmodified juice of the grape freed from seeds, stems, and skins. It should contain not less than 10 per cent. nor more than 12 per cent. by weight of absolute alcohol.

Preparation.

U.S.P

Vinum Album Fortius, prepared by mixing 7 parts white wine with 1 of alcohol. This should contain not less than 20 per cent. nor more than 25 per cent. by weight of absolute alcohol.