The inspissated and dried secretion from the preputial follicles of Moschus moschiferus.

Central Asia.

Characters. - In irregular reddish-black rather unctuous grains; having a strong, peculiar, very diffusible odour, and a bitter aromatic taste; contained in a round or slightly oval membranous sac, about two inches in diameter, covered on the outer side with stiff, greyish hairs arranged in a concentric manner around its central orifice.

Composition. - An odoriferous substance not yet isolated, fats, resins, and salts.

Dose. - 5-10 gr. and upwards.

U.S.P. Preparation.

Dose.

Tinctura Moschi.........................................................................................

20-50 min.

Uses. - Musk is often employed in hysteria, although its physiological action has not been investigated. It is more powerful in its action than castor. It is used as an antispasmodic and stimulant. It is a powerful stimulant, and excellent results have been obtained in cases of collapse, when due to paralysis of the respiration. It has also been given in asthenic pneumonia, bronchitis, fever, and gangrene of the lungs, on account of its power of stimulating the respiratory centre and covering the disagreeable odour of the sputa. There is a temptation to give it in small doses on account of its high price, and probably many failures are due to this. In cases where it is prescribed at all it should be given freely, and in many instances it seems to be of great service.