This section is from the book "Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics", by W. Hale White. Also available from Amazon: Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics..
A transparent, colorless, mobile and volatile liquid of a characteristic, rather agreeable odor, and a burning taste. Sp. gr., about 0.820. Boils at 172.40 F.; 780 C. Entirely volatilized.
Resins or oils, detected by turbidity on dilution.
Alcohol is used to make Chloroform.
Diluted Alcohol. Synonym. - Proof Spirit A liquid composed of about 41 per cent., by weight, or about 48.6 per cent., by volume, of absolute Ethyl Alcohol, and about 59 per cent. of water. Alcohol, 500; distilled water, 500.
The same as those of Alcohol. Sp. gr., about 0.938.