This section is from the book "Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics", by W. Hale White. Also available from Amazon: Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics..
Chimaphila. - Synonyms. - Pipsissewa. Prince's Pine. The leaves of Chimaphila umbellata (Linne) Nuttall (nat. ord. Ericaceae).
About 5 cm. long, oblanceolate, sharply serrate above, wedge-shaped and nearly entire towards the base; coriaceous, smooth, and dark-green on the upper surface. It is nearly inodorous, and has an astringent and bitterish taste.
1) Arbutin (see p. 631). (2) Ericolin. (3) Chimaphilin, in yellow, tasteless, volatile crystals. (4) Ursone. (5) Tannic Acid, 4 per cent.
Dose, 1/2 to 2 dr.; 2. to 8. c.c.
Dose, 1/2 to 2 fl. dr.; 2. to 8. c.c.
This plant is diuretic and diaphoretic. It is used for rheumatism and nephritic affections.