Kamala. - Synonym. - Rottlera. The glands and hairs from the capsules of Mallotus philippinensis (Lamarck) Mueller Arg. (nat. ord. Euphorbiaceae).

Habitat

India, China and Philippine Islands.

Characters

A granular, mobile, brick-red or brownish-red powder, inodorous and nearly tasteless, imparting a deep red color to alkaline liquids, Alcohol, Ether, or Choloroform, and a pale, yellow tinge to boiling water. Under the microscope it is seen to consist of stellately arranged, colorless hairs, mixed with depressed-globular glands, containing numerous red, club-shaped vesicles.

Solubility

Insoluble in hot and cold water.

Composition

The chief constituents are - (I) Rottlerin, C22H20O6, a neutral principle in yellowish needles, soluble in hot Alcohol, Ether, Benzol, and Carbon Disulphide. (2) Resins, nearly 80 per cent.

Dose, 1 to 2 dr.; 4. to 8. gm.

Action And Therapeutics Of Kamala

Kamala is an anthelmintic. It will kill the Taenia solium, and probably the Oxyuris vermicularis and the Ascaris lumbri-coides. It is also purgative.