Matricaria. - Synonym. - German Chamomile. The flower-heads of Matricaria Chamomilla, Linne (nat. ord. Composite).

Habitat

Europe and Western Asia.

Characters

About 15 to 20 mm. broad, composed of a flattish, imbricate involucre, a conical, hollow, naked receptacle, which is about 5 mm. high, about fifteen white, ligulate, reflexed ray florets, and numerous yellow, tubular, perfect disk-florets without pappus; strongly aromatic and bitter. Resembling Matricaria. - Anthemis Arvensis and Anthemis Cotula, but these have conical, solid, and chaffy receptacles.

Composition

1) Volatile Oil 1/4 Percent. (2) Anthemic Acid. (3) Anthemidin, probably a glucoside. (4) Tannic acid.

Dose, 1/4 to 1 dr.; 1. to 4. gm.

Action And Uses Of Matricaria

The actions and uses are identical with those of chamomile