Not official. - The expressed oil from the seed of Gynocardia odorata (nat. ord. Bixineae).

Habitat

East India.

Characters

This is a whitish substance which is solid at 107o F., 42o C., and is of an acid reaction. Sp. gr., at above temperature, 0.930.

Solubility

In ether, chloroform, and alcohol.

Composition

Chiefly Gynocardic Acid, C14H24O2, a yellowish oily body with a burning taste.

Dose, 5 to 20 m.; .30 to 1.20 c.c. in capsules.

Action And Uses Of Chaulmoogra Oil

Chaulmoogra oil has been much used in leprosy, for the bacilli present in the blood have diminished in number during its administration, but it does not cure the disease. An ointment (3 to 8 of lanolin) has been used as a stimulant in chronic eczema and psoriasis. It has been largely employed as a local application for bruises, sprains and stiffness by athletes.

Section II. - Pharmacopceial Substances Derived From The Animal Kingdom.

The drugs in this section which act similarly will be grouped together. In Appendix II. a list of these drugs, arranged according to their Natural Orders, will be found.