This section is from the "A Practical Treatise On Materia Medica And Therapeutics" book, by Roberts Bartholow. Also available from Amazon: A Practical Treatise On Materia Medica And Therapeutics
Lime liniment (equal parts of lime solution and cotton-seed oil).
Liniment of ammonia (water of ammonia, 350 c. c.; cotton-seed oil, 600 c. c.; alcohol, 50 c. a).
Liniment of camphor (camphor, 200 grm.; cotton-seed oil, 800 grm.).
Soap liniment (soap, 70 grm.; camphor, 45 grm.; oil of rosemary, 10 c. c.; water, q. s. to make 1,000 c. c.; alcohol, 750 c. c).
Liniment of turpentine (resin-cerate, 650 grm.; oil of turpentine, 350 grm.).
Liniment of soft soap (soft soap, 650 grm.; oil of lavender, 20 c. c.; alcohol, 300 c. c.; water, q. s. to make 1,000 c. c).
Chloroform liniment (chloroform, 300 c. c.; soap liniment, 700 c. c).
Belladonna liniment (camphor, 50 grm.; fluid extract of belladonna, q. s. to make 1,000 c. c).
A turpentine-stupe, which is one of the most frequently-used extemporaneous counter-irritants, is made as follows: A piece of flannel folded in several layers, or a piece of spongio-piline, is wrung out in hot water, and a few drops (five to fifteen) of turpentine are sprinkled over it. This is placed over the affected region, and is confined by a towel or napkin pinned around the part. Turpentine, applied in this way, is a very active rubefacient, and may even vesicate, so that attention is required to avoid overaction.