Regarded from all points of view, milk is the most important beverage. Enough has been said on the subject of milk as a food for invalids; but something additional may be necessary on its dietetic position as an ordinary beverage.

When coffee, tea, and cocoa disagree, milk may be adopted as the ordinary beverage, and usually with great advantage. For breakfast it may be drunk warm. Large draughts of iced milk, according to the American custom, are injurious when drunk at meals; its temperature should not be lower than 60° Fahr. If a sense of weight and uneasiness follow its use, it will be better borne if diluted one fourth to one half with lime-water. If it be desired to improve its nutritive qualities, cream to one fourth or to one half may be added. In the indigestion of the obese, or in the case of those who suffer from hepatic disorders, the milk should be skimmed. A very valuable nutrient, but which is, unfortunately, not very digestible, is chocolate made with milk and cream. Such an aliment is especially suited to invalids with wasting diseases, but who yet retain the power to digest fats.

Some find it impossible to drink milk, because it induces "biliousness." In this case skimmed milk should be used. Generally the indigestion called "biliousness" means errors of diet in other directions, so that regulation of the food suffices to prevent this form of indisposition.

Authorities referred to in this section:

Ballot. On the Food of Infants, etc., Medical Times and Gazette, vol. i, 1870, p. 331.

Banting. Letter on Corpulence, pamphlet.

Bennet, Dr. James Henry. Nutrition in Health and Disease, second edition, Philadelphia, Lindsay & Blakiston, 1876.

Chambers, Dr. Thomas Kino. A Manual of Diet in Health and Disease, Philadelphia, Henry C. Lea, 1875.

Cyr, Dr. Jules. Traité de Alimentation, Paris, 1869, pp. 575.

Debove, Dr. Bul. Gen. de Thérap., 1883, 1884, and 1885.

Donkin, Dr. Arthur Scott. On a Purely Milk-Diet in the Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus, Bright's Disease, Disease of the Supra-renal Capsules, Fatty Degeneration, etc., Lancet, vol. ii, 1869, and vol. i, 1870.

Dujardin-Beaumetz. Bul. Gén. de Thérap., vol. iii, p. 1, et seq.

Fonssagrives, J. B. Hygiene Alimentaire, deuxiéme edition, Paris, 1867, pp. 670.

Jacobi, Dr. A. and Dr. Mart Putnam. Infant Diet, New York, G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1876.

Letheby, Dr. H. On Food, second edition, New York, 1872, pp. 255.

Lebert, Dr. Hermann. Ueber Milch- und Molken-Kuren, Berlin, 1869.

Mitchell, Dr. S. Weir. On the Use of Skimmed Milk as an Exclusive Diet in Disease, Philadelphia Medical Times.

Nothnagel, Dr. Hermann. Handbuch der Arzneimittellehre, Berlin, 1870, p. 676.

Parkes, Dr. E. A. A Manual of Practical Hygiene, second edition, London, 1866, pp. 624.

Pereira, Dr. Jonathan. A Treatise on Food and Diet, London, 1843, pp. 542.

Richter, Dr. H. E. Bericht über Milch-, Molken-, und Kumys-Kuren, Schmidt's Jahrbücher der gesammten Medicin, vol. cxlviii, p. 201.

Robin, Dr. Thése de Paris, Annuaire de Thérap., 1884.

Smith, Dr. A. H. Archives of Medicine, New York, Seguin, I., 1879, vol. i, No. 2, p. 113.

Smith, Dr. Edward. Foods, New York, 1873 (International Scientific Series), pp. 485.

Tardieu. Dictionnaire d' Hygiéne Publique, tome xi, Article "Lait."

Trousseau. Clinique Medicale, vol. ii, p. 695.

Vaughan, Prof. Victor C. Michigan State Board of Health, 1886, July 13.