This section is from the book "A Text-Book Of Materia Medica And Pharmacy For Medical Students", by Velyien Ewart Henderson. Also available from Amazon: A Text-Book of Materia Medica and Pharmacy for Medical Students.
Aloe Barbadenis, Barbadoes Aloes. Dose, 2 - 5 grs.; 1 - 3 dgms. The juice that flows from the transversely cut leaves of Aloe vera, Aloe Chinensis and probably other species, dried into hard masses, which are yellowish, reddish-brown, chocolate-brown or black; odour disagreeable, taste nauseous and bitter. Almost entirely soluble in a mixture of water and alcohol in equal parts, about 30% insoluble in cold water. Incompatibles, see Aloin.
1Extractum Aloes Barbadensis. Dose, 1 - 4 grs.; 1/2 - 2 1/2dgms. A dried aqueous extract; 3 of the extract is equivalent to about 4 of the drug.
3Tinctura Aloes. Dose, if repeated, 30 - 60 min.; 2 - 4 c.c: for a single administration, 1 1/2 - 2 fl. dr.; 6-8 c.c. - 2.5; Liquid Extract of Liquorice, 15; Alcohol 45%, to 100.
1Pilula Aloes Barbadensis. Dose, 4-8 grs.; 2 1/2 - 5 dgms. (in 1 or 2 pills).
- 48; Hard Soap, 24; Oil of Caraway, 3; Confection of Roses, q.s. to 100 (about 24). In each pill 2 gr. of the Extract.
Dose, 4 - 8 grs.; 2 1/2 - 5 dgms. (in 1 or 2 pills) - - 22; Exsiccated Ferrous Sulphate, 11; Compound Powder of Cinnamon, 33; Syrup of Glucose, q.s. to 100 (about 33). Each pill contains 1/2 gr. of iron salt, 1 gr. of aloes.
Aloe Socotrina. Socotrine Aloes. Dose, 2 - 5 grs.; 1 - 3 dgms. The juice from the transversely cut leaves of Aloe Perryi and probably other species; dried to form either viscid or hard, dark-brown masses: odour strong, not disagreeable; taste nauseous and bitter. Almost entirely soluble in 60% alcohol: about one half is soluble in water. Incompatibles, see Aloin.
1 Pilula Aloes Socotrinse. Dose, 4 - 8 grs.; 2 1/2 - 5 dgms. (in 1 or 2 pills).
- 48; Hard Soap, 24; Oil of Nutmeg, 3; Confection of Roses, q.s. to 100 (about 24). Each pill contains 2 grs. of aloes.
2Pilula Aloes et Asafetidae. Dose, 4-8 grs.; 2)4-5 dgms. (in 1 or 2 pills). Aloes, Asafetida, Hard Soap, Confection of Roses, of each 25.
Each pill contains 1 gr. of both the aloes and the asafetida.
2Pilula Aloes et Myrrhae. Dose, 4 - 8 grs.; 2 1/2 - 5 dgms. (in 1 or 2 pills).
- 44; Myrrh, 22; Syrup of Glucose, to 100 (about 34). Each pill contains about 2 grs. of aloes.
Aloinum. Aloin. Dose, 1/2 - 2 grs.; 3 - 12 cgms. A crystalline active principle contained in Aloes, yellow, odourless; taste, nauseous and bitter. Slightly soluble in water, more so in alcohol, soluble in glycerin.
Incompatibles, alkaline hydrates (which decompose it); nitric acid, ferric chloride, spirits of nitrous ether (colour change occurs).