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A Text-Book Of Materia Medica And Pharmacy For Medical Students



The classification of drugs according to their botanical, mineral or animal origin is no longer of importance, nor does a pharmacological classification furnish an arrangement useful for reference purposes. A use of one of these types of classification greatly mars some otherwise useful books. These considerations forced the authors to compile this text-book and they hope that they have succeeded in placing before the student a book which will aid him in writing prescriptions.

TitleA Text-Book Of Materia Medica And Pharmacy For Medical Students
AuthorVelyien Ewart Henderson
PublisherUniversity of Toronto Press
Year1919
Copyright1919, Velyien Ewart Henderson
AmazonA Text-Book of Materia Medica and Pharmacy for Medical Students

A Text-Book Of Materia Medica And Pharmacy For Medical Students

By

V. E. Henderson, M.A., M.B.

Associate Professor of Pharmacy and Pharmacology In The University Of Toronto

University Press Toronto

-Preface To The Second Edition
It was with the greatest reluctance that the authors of the first edition undertook in 1908 the preparation of another medical text-book. They found however that none of the books on Pharmacy and Mate...
-Chapter I. Definitions, Weights, And Measures
For the purpose of curing disease the medical practitioner makes use of many substances of animal, vegetable and mineral origin, as well as an increasing number of substances prepared by the chemist s...
-Measures Of Mass Of The Imperial System
Metric Equivalent. 1 grain abbreviated gr.................................64.7987 mgms. 437.5 grs.- 1 ounce.abbreviated Oz. or ...............28.349 gms. 7,000 grs. 16 oz. 1 pound, abbreviated lb.....
-Measures Of Capacity Of The Imperial System
Metric Equivalent. 1 minim abbreviated min. or m......................... 0.0592 c.c. 60 min. 1 fluid drachm abbreviated fl. dr. or fl. 3 (often 3). . 3.5515 c.c. 8 fl. dr. 1 fluid ounce abbreviate...
-Relation Of Volume To Mass In The Imperial System
1 minin is the volume at 62F. of 0.9114 grains of distilled water. 1 fluid drachm is the volume at 62 F.of 54.6875 grains of distilled water. 1 fluid ounce is the volume at 62 F. of 1...
-Metric System Measures Of Mass
Imperial Equivalent. 1 milligramme abbreviated mgm. 0.001 gramme........... 0.015 gr. 1 centigramme abbreviated cgm. 0.01 gramme............. 0.154 gr. 1 decigramme abbreviated dgm. 0.1 gramme........
-Measurers Of Capacity
1 millilitre usually spoken of as a cubic centimetre and consequently abbreviated c.c. 0.001 litre................ 16.89 min. 1 centilitre abbreviated CL 0.01 litre..................... 0.352 fl.oz. ...
-Chapter II. The Methods And Definitions Of Galenical Pharmacy
Drugs may be broadly classified as of (1) inorganic origin, (2) organic origin. They may also be divided into two classes, (1) pure chemicals, (2) galenicals. The pure chemicals are now prepared by ne...
-Galenical Preparations
The crude drugs are rarely suitable for administration to the patient and in consequence are prepared by the pharmacist in various ways before being dispensed. The methods by which they are prepared h...
-Official Preparations
Acetum, (Vinegar, e.g. Acetum Scillae) - A solution of active principle made by solution or maceration with acetic acid. Aqua, (Water) - A solution of volatile substances in water, - some are simple ...
-Non-Official Preparations
Cachet, (Cachet Or Konseal) A cachet is made of two concave plates of rice paper within which the medicament is enclosed and which is then sealed by moistening the contiguous borders of the plates wi...
-Chapter III. Posology
The British Pharmacopoeia makes the following statement in regard to the doses as given in it. The doses mentioned in the pharmacopoeia are intended to represent the average range in ordinary cases, ...
-Chapter IV. Incompatibility
Many of the drugs and preparations of the materia medica may be and are given alone, but many others only in combination. There are a few which are never or almost never given in combination with othe...
-Pharmaceutical Or Physical Incompatibility
1. Resulting in precipitation of one of the ingredients in solution owing to its decreased solubility when its solvent is diluted by another liquid. The dilution of aqueous solutions of acacia, protei...
-Chapter V. The Official Materia Medica
In this chapter only the drugs of the British Pharmacopoeia are considered. For the convenience of the student and for the purpose of reference, the drugs have been arranged in alphabetical order, sav...
-Acacia Gummi. Gum Acacia
The gum exuded by Acacia Senegal and other species. In rounded or ovoid brittle tears, either colourless or of a pale yellowish tinge, often opaque due to numerous small fissures. Small angular fragme...
-Acidum Aceticum. Acetic Acid
Acidum Aceticum. Acetic Acid. A colourless, pungent liquid miscible with alcohol and water. Contains 33% by weight of real acid, CH3 COOH. Sp. Gr. 1.044. Acidum Aceticum Dilutum Dose, 1/2 - 2 fl. dr...
-Acidum Carbolicum. Phenol. (Carbolic Acid)
Dose 1 - 3 grs.; 1/2 - 2 dgms. C6H5. OH. Small, colourless, deliquescent crystals; odour characteristic; taste sweet and pungent; with a caustic action on the skin and mucous membranes, turning them ...
-Aconiti Radix. Aconite Root
Aconiti Radix. Aconite Root. The root of Aconitum Napellus, usually 2 - 4 inches long, from 1 1/2 to 3 inches in diameter above, tapering below; dark brown in colour without; white and starchy within:...
-Aether, Ether. (Sulphuric Ether)
Dose, if repeated 10 - 30 min.; 0.6 - 2 c.c: for a single administration, 46 - 60 min.; 2.5 - 4 c.c. A colourless, very volatile, inflammable liquid, with a heavy, highly inflammable vapour, which for...
-Aloe Barbadenis, Barbadoes Aloes
Aloe Barbadenis, Barbadoes Aloes. Dose, 2 - 5 grs.; 1 - 3 dgms. The juice that flows from the transversely cut leaves of Aloe vera, Aloe Chinensis and probably other species, dried into hard masses, w...
-Alumen. Alum
Alumen. Alum. - Dose, 5 - 10 grs.; 3 - 6 dgms. Aluminium and potassium sulphate, (A12(S04)3, K2SO4, 24 H20, or aluminium and ammonium sulphate, Al2(SO4)3, (NH4)2 SO4, 24 H2O. Colourless, transparent ...
-Ammonium. Ammonium. Liquor Ammoniae Fortis. Strong Solution of Ammonia
. Nh3 - An aqueous solution containing 33% of ammonium, NH3. A colourless liquid with a pungent, suffocating odour. 1liquor Ammoniae Contains 10% of Ammonium. - 33.33; Water, 66.66. 2Linimentum Amm...
-Antimonium. Antimony
3Antimonium Nigrum Purification. Antimonious Sulphide. A purified native sulphide, Sb2 S3; a greyish black powder. From it are made the other preparations. 3Antimonii Oxidum. Antimonious Oxide. Dose,...
-Argentum. Silver
1Argenti Nitras. Dose, 1/4 - 1/2 gr.; 15 - 30 mgm-. Colourless crystals. Soluble 1 in less than 1 of water; slightly soluble in alcohol; soluble in ether and glycerin. Incompatibles, most inorganic s...
-Arsenium, Arsenic
1Acidum Arseniosum. Arsenious Anhydride. (Arsenicums. Arsenic. White Arsenic. Arsenious Acid.) Dose, 1/60 - 1/15 gr.; 1-4 mgms. Arsenious anhydride, As4 O6, occurs as a heavy white powder, or as strat...
-BelladonnŠ Folia
The fresh leaves and branches of Atropa Belladonna. The leaves are 3-8 inches long; broadly ovate, acute, entire, nearly glabrous. Important constituent, the alkaloid atropine. 1Extractum BelladonnŠ ...
-Belladonna Radix
The root of Atropa belladonna. Cylindrical pieces, entire or longitudinally split, 1/2 - 1 foot in length, 3/8 - 3/4 inch in diameter, externally longitudinally wrinkled, and greyish-brown in colour, ...
-Atropina. Atropine
Dose, 1/200 - 1/100 gr.; 0.3 - 0.6 mgms Colourless crystals, in solution with a bitter taste. Soluble 1 in 300 of water; readily in alcohol, chloroform, and ether. Incompatibles of atropine and its s...
-Bismuthum. Bismuth
1Bismuthi Carbonas. Bismuth Oxycarbonate. Dose, 5 - 20 grs.; 3 - 12 dgms. (Bi202C03)2 H20. A heavy white crystalline powder, faintly acid. Insoluble in water. 3Trochiscus Bismuthi Compositus - 2 jg...
-Boron. Boron
1Acidum Boricum. Boric Acid. (Boracic Acid.) Dose, 5 - 15 grs.; 3 -10 dgms. H3BO3. Colourless, pearly lamellar crystals, odourless, unctuous to the touch, slightly bitter and acrid in taste. Soluble,...
-Caffeina. Caffeine
(Theine). Dose, 1 - 5 grs.; 1/2 - 3dgms. An alkaloid obtained from the leaves of Camellia Thea (the tea plant) and from beans of Coffea Arabica (coffee). Colourless inodorous acicu-lar silky crystals....
-Calcium. Calcium
Incompatibles, the hydrate, carbonate, sulphate, phosphate, oxalate, and tartrate are insoluble and in consequence soluble calcium salts are incompatible with the acids of these salts or with soluble ...
-Camphora. Camphor
Camphora. Camphor. Dose, 2 - 5 grs.; 1 - 3 dgms. A white crystalline substance obtained from Cinnamomum Camphora, purified by sublimation. Solid, colourless, transparent, crystalline, pieces of tough ...
-Cantharis. Cantharides
Cantharis. Cantharides. The dried beetle Cantharis vesica-toria. About 3/4 to 1 inch long and a 1/4 inch broad, with two long wing-sheaths of a coppery-green colour; odour strong and disagreeable. The...
-Caoutchouc. India Rubber. Para Rubber
Caoutchouc. India - Rubber. (Para Rubber.) The prepared milk-juice of Hevea brasiliensis and probably other species. Brownish-black, elastic masses. Insoluble in water and alcohol; soluble in chlorofo...
-Cascarilla. Cascarilla. The dried bark of Croton Eluteria
Cascarilla. Cascarilla. The dried bark of Croton Eluteria. In quills from 1 - 3 inches long, 1/6 - 1/2 inch in diameter, or curved pieces. The outer layer is wrinkled longitudinally with transverse cr...
-Catechu. Catechu
Catechu. Catechu. Dose, 5 - 15 grs.; 3 - 10 dgms. An extract obtained from the leaves and young shoots of Uncaria Gambier. In cubes, about an inch on the side, often agglutinated, deep reddish-brown e...
-Cerium. Cerium
1Cerii Oxalas. Cerium oxalate. Dose, 2 - 10 grs.; 1 - 6 dgms. Ce2 (C204)3, 9H20. A nearly white, granular powder, odourless, tasteless. Insoluble in water and other ordinary solvents, soluble in dilut...
-Chloral Hydras. Chloral Hydrate. (Chloral.)
Dose, 5 - 20 grs. 3 - 12 dgms. CCl3.CH(OH)2. Colourless, nondeliquescent plates; pungent odour; pungent, bitter taste. Soluble 5 in 1 of alcohol, 4 in 1 of water; or 2 in 1 of ether, soluble 1 in 4 o...
-Chloroformum. Chloroform
Dose,l - 5 min.;0.05 - 0.3 c.c. Chloroform is trichlormethane, CHCl3, to which about 1% of absolute alcohol has been added. A heavy, colourless liquid, with a characteristic odour and a sweetish burni...
-Cinchona Rubra Cortex. Red Cinchona Bark
The dried bark of the stem and branches of Cinchona succiruba. Quilled more or less incurved pieces, from 2-12 inches in length and 1/10 to 1/4 inch thick; the outer surface brownish, roughened by num...
-Quinina Sulphas. Quinine Sulphate
Dose, 1 - 10 grs.; 1/2 - 6 dgms. Filiform, silky crystals, with an intensely bitter taste. Soluble 1 in 800 of water, 1 in 65 of alcohol. The addition of roughly 1 min. per gr. of a diluted mineral a...
-QuininŠ Hydrochloridum
Dose, 1 - 10 grs.; 1/2 - 6 dgms. Silky filiform crystals, larger than those of the sulphate. Soluble, 1 in 35 of water, 1 in 3 of alcohol. Incompatibles, as for the sulphate. 2Tinctura Quininae. Dose...
-QuininŠ Hydrochloridum Acidum
Dose, 1 - 10 grs.; 1/2 - 6 dgms. A white crystalline powder. Soluble, 1 in less than 1 of water giving a slightly acid liquid. Incompatibles, as for the sulphate. Cinnamomi Cortex. Cinnamon Bark. Th...
-Cocaina. Cocaine
(Dose, 1/20 - 1/2 gr.; 3 - 30 mgms.) Colourless prismatic crystals, with a bitter taste followed by a sensation of numbness. Almost insoluble in water, soluble 1 in 10 alcohol. 1 in 12 of olive oil, i...
-CocainŠ Hydrochloridum
Dose, 1/5 - 1/2.; 12 - 30 mgms Colourless crystals, taste bitter, followed by a sensation of numbness. Soluble, 2 in 1 of water, 1 in 4 of alcohol, 1 in 4 of glycerin, insoluble in olive oil or ether....
-Copaiba. Copaiba
Copaiba. Copaiba. Dose, 30 - 60 min.; 2 - 4 c.c. The oleo-resin obtained from the trunk of Copaifera Lansdorfii and probably other species. A more or less viscid liquid, generally transparent, light y...
-Crocus. Saffron
Crocus. Saffron. The dried stigmas and tops of the styles of Crocus sativus. The flower parts have an aromatic odour and a bitter taste; they leave, if moistened and rubbed on the finger, an intense y...
-Cuprum. Copper
1Cupri Sulphas. Copper Sulphate. Dose, as an astringent, 1/4-2 grs.; 15 - 120 mgms.: as an emetic, 5 - 10 grs.; 3 - 6 dgms. CuSO4, 5H20. Blue crystals. Soluble 1 in 3.5 of water (giving an acid soluti...
-Digitalis Folia. Digitalis Leaves
Dose, 1/2 - 2 grs.; 3 - 12 cgms. The dried leaves of Digitalis purpurea. From 4-12 inches or more in length, and at times 5-6 inches broad; upper surface, rugose, dull green and slightly hairy, under...
-Ergota. Ergot
Dose, 20 - 60 grs.; 12 - 40 dgms. The dried sclerotium of the fungus, Claviceps purpurea, originating in the ovary of Secale cereale, the rye. Roughly cylindrical, dark, violet-black grains, with tape...
-Ferrum. Iron
Annealed iron wire or wrought iron nails. Incompatibles of ferric salts, in general, alkali hydrates and carbonates, (precipitate ferric hydrate, in part prevented by sugar, glycerin, citrates, and t...
-Ficus. Figs
Ficus. Figs. The dried fleshy receptacles of Ficus Carica. Filix Mas. Male Fern. The dried rhizome of Aspidium Filix-mas. 3-6 inches long, 3/4-1 inch in diameter, entirely covered with the hard, pers...
-Gelsemii Radix. Gelsemium Root
Gelsemii Radix. Gelsemium Root. The dried rhizome and roots of Gelsemium nitidum. Nearly cylindrical pieces 6 inches or more in length. 1/4-3/4 inches in diameter, brown or dark violet -brown external...
-Glycyrrhizae Radix. Liquorice Root
Glycyrrhizae Radix. Liquorice Root. The peeled root and subterranean stem of Glycyrrhiza glabra. In long cylindrical pieces, when peeled, yellow, with a nearly smooth, fibrous surface; odour faint; ta...
-Hamamelidis Cortex. Hamamelis Bark. Witch Hazel Bark
Hamamelidis Cortex. Hamamelis Bark. (Witch Hazel Bark.) The dried bark of Hamamelis virginiana. Usually in curved pieces 28-inches long, 1/16 inch thick; outer surface silvery-grey if covered with the...
-Hydrargyrum. Mercury
Incompatibility, most salts of mercury are insoluble and hence the range of incompatibility of the soluble salts is a wide one: amongst the substances producing precipitation in solution of mercuric s...
-Hydrastis Rhizoma. Hydrastis Rhizome. Golden Seal
Hydrastis Rhizoma. Hydrastis Rhizome. (Golden Seal.) The dried rhizome and roots of Hydrastis Canadensis. The rhizome is tortuous, often branched, 1/2 - 1 1/2 inch long, l/8 - 1/2 inch thick; yellowis...
-Iodoformum. Iodoform
Iodoformum. Iodoform. Dose, 1/2 - 3 grs.; 1/4 - 2 dgms. Tri-iodomethane, CHI3. Shining lemon-yellow crystals, somewhat un-ctous to the touch, with a persistent characteristic and disagreeable odour an...
-PilocarpinŠ Nitras
Dose, 1/20 - 1/2 gr.; 3 - 30 mgms. A white crystalline powder. Soluble 1 in 8-9 of water, slightly in cold, freely in hot alcohol. Jalapa. Jalap. Dose, 5 - 20 grs.; 3 - 12 dgms. The dried tubercules ...
-Kaolinum. Kaolin
Kaolinum. Kaolin. A native aluminium silicate, powdered and freed from gritty particles by elutriation. A soft whitish powder. Insoluble in water. Kino. Kino. Dose, in powder, 5 - 20 grs.; 3 - 12 dgm...
-Linum. Linseed
Linum. Linseed. The dried ripe seeds of Linum usitatissumum. Small brown glassy, nearly flat seeds, about 1/6-1/4 inch long; odourless; taste oily and mucilaginous. 1Linum Contusum. Crushed Linseed. ...
-Lupulus. Hops. Humulus
Lupulus. Hops. (Humulus.). The dried fruits (strobiles) of Humulus Lupulus. The fruits are about 1 1/4 inches long, and consist of a number of imbricated bracts and stipules. The odour is aromatic and...
-Magnesium. Magnesium
Incompatibility, soluble salts of magnesium in strong solutions are precipitated by the hydrates of the alkalies and the alkaline earths; alkali carbonates, phosphates, arsenates; sulphides, oxalates,...
-Mezerei Cortex. Mezereon Bark
Mezerei Cortex. Mezereon Bark. The dried bark of Daphne Me-zereum, D. Laureola, or D. Gnidium. In long thin, more or less flattened strips, or quills of various lengths, flexible, very tough and fibro...
-Nuxvomica. Nuxvomica
Dose, in powder, 1 - 4 grs.; 6 - 25 cgms. The dried ripe seeds of Strychnos Nux-vomica. Nearly disc-shaped, greyish in colour, 3/4 - 1 inch in diameter, and 1/4 inch thick; concavoconvex nearly flat,...
-Strychnina. Strychnine
Dose, 1/60 - 1/15 gr.; 1 - 4 mgms. Colourless, inodorous crystals. Soluble 1 in 7,000 of cold, 1 in 2,500 of hot water, 1 in 170 of alcohol, 1 in 6 of chloroform. Incompatibles as for alkaloids. 1Syr...
-StrychninŠ Hydrochloridum
Dose, 1/60 - 1/15 gr.; 1 - 4 mgms. Small colourless crystals, which readily effloresce in the air. Soluble, 1 in 35 of water, 1 in 60 of alcohol. 1Liquor StrychninŠ Hydrochloridi. Dose, 2 - 8 min.; 0...
-Oleum Crotonis. Croton Oil
Dose, 1/2 - 1 min.; 0.03 - 0.06 c.c. The oil expressed from the seeds of Croton Tiglium. Brownish-yellow to dark reddish-brown, viscid, with a disagreeable odour, and an acrid, burning taste. Entirely...
-Oleum Morrhua. Cod-liver Oil
Oleum MorrhuŠ. Cod-liver Oil. Dose, 1- 4 fl. dr.; 4 - 16 c.c. The oil extracted from the fresh liver of the cod, Gadus Morrhua. Pale yellow, with a slight fishy, but not rancid, odour. Readily soluble...
-Opium. Opium
Dose, 1/2 - 2 grs., 3 - 12 cgms. The juice obtained by incision from the unripe capsules of Papaver somni-ferum, inspissated by spontaneous evaporation. Usually in rounded or more or less irregular l...
-MorphinŠ Hydrochloridum
Dose, 1/8 - 1/2 gr.; 8 - 30 mgms. White acicular, silky crystals or a white crystalline powder. Solubility, 1 in 24 of cold, 1 in 1 of boiling water; 1 in 50 of alcohol. 1Liquor MorphinŠ Hydrochlori...
-Paraffinum Durum. Hard Paraffin
Paraffinum Durum. Hard Paraffin. A mixture of several of the harder paraffins. Colourless, semi-transparent, crystalline, inodourous and tasteless. Melting-point 130 - 135 F. (54.4 - 57...
-Picrotoxinum. Picrotoxin
Picrotoxinum. Picrotoxin. Dose, 1/100 - 1/25 gr.; 1/2 - 2 1/2 mgms. Colourless, inodorous, crystals, with a bitter taste. Soluble 1 in 330 of water, 1 in 13 of alcohol. Pilocarpina (see Jaborandi p. ...
-Plumbum. Lead
Incompatibles of soluble lead salts, alkali hydrates, carbonates, borax.sul-phates, bromides, iodides, phosphates, cyanides, alkali sulphites, benzoates, citrates, tartrates, salicylates, meconates, m...
-Potassium. Potassium
The incompatibles of the salts of potassium do not depend upon the potassium, but upon the other radicals present and may hence be best found by looking up the incompatibilities of those radicles. 1P...
-Prunum. Prunes
Prunum. Prunes. The dried ripe fruit of Prunus domestica. Contained in Confectio SennŠ. Pterocarpi Lignum. Red Sanders Wood. (Red Sandal Wood.) The heart wood of Pterocarpus santalinus. Usually impor...
-Quillaia Cortex. Quillaia Bark. Panama Bark
Quillaiae Cortex. Quillaia Bark. (Panama Bark). The inner bark of Quillaja Saponaria. In large flat pieces, 1/6 inch thick and 2 feet or more long, the outer surface is brownish; the inner, smooth and...
-Rosoe Gallica Petala
Rosoe Gallicae Petala. The dried and fresh unexpanded petals of Rosa gallica. The fresh petals are purplish-red; occur in little cone-shaped masses; odour fragrant; taste somewhat bitter, feebly acid ...
-Santoninum. Santonin
Santoninum. Santonin. Dose, 2 - 5 grs.; 1 - 3 dgms. A bitter principle prepared from the flowers of Artemesia maritima, var. Stechmanniana. Colourless, flat crystals, bitter. Scarcely soluble in cold ...
-Scammonia Radix. Scammony Root
ScammoniŠ Radix. Scammony Root. The dried root of Convolvulus Scammonia. Greyish tapering or nearly cylindrical roots, often contorted and longitudinally furrowed: enlarged at the crown and bears the ...
-Senna Indica. East Indian Senna
Senna Indica. East Indian Senna. (Tinnivelly Senna.) The dried leaflets of Cassia angustifolia. Pale yellowish-green leaflets unequal at the base; odour and taste similar to the above. The following p...
-Sinapis. Mustard
Sinapis. Mustard. The dried ripe seeds of Brassica nigra and B. alba powdered and mixed. A greenish yellow powder, with a bitter pungent taste, and a pungent odour when moist. 1Charta Sinapis. Mustar...
-Sodium. Sodium
The metal of commerce. The incompatibles of the salts of sodium do not depend upon the sodium but upon the other radicles present and may be found by looking up these. 1Soda Tartarata. Sodium Potassi...
-Liquor Sodii Ethylatis
Liquor Sodii Ethylatis. Contains 18% of sodium ethylate, NaC2H5O. A colourless syrupy liquid made by cautiously dissolving sodium in absolute alcohol. Incompatible with water. Spiritus. (With a dose ...
-Strammonii Folia. Datura Strammomium
Strammonii Folia. The dried leaves of Datura Strammomium. Dark greyish-green, wrinkled leaves, 4-6 inches long, with a characteristic odour, and an unpleasant bitter taste. 1Tinctura Strammonii. Dose...
-Sulphur. Sulphur
Incompatibles, triturated with strong oxidising agents, such as potassium permanganate or chlorate, an explosion is apt to occur. 1Sulphur PrŠcipitatum. Precipitated Sulphur. (Milk of Sulphur.) Dose,...
-Taraxaci Radix. Taraxacum Root
Taraxaci Radix. Taraxacum Root. The fresh and dried roots of Taraxacum officinale. The fresh roots are frequently more than a foot in length, break readily and from the broken surface a milk exudes. T...
-Thymol
Thymol. Thymol. Dose, 1/2 - 2 grs.; 3-12 cgms. A crystalline substance obtained from the volatile oils of Thymus vulgaris, Monarda punctata, and Carum copticum. Large, colourless crystals with the odo...
-Valerianae Rhizoma. Valerian Rhizome
Valerianae Rhizoma. Valerian Rhizome. (Root.) The dried erect Rhizome and roots of Valeriana officinale. A short erect rhizome often sliced, yellowish-brown externally, with numerous slender roots: od...
-Chapter VI. Non-Official Materia Medica
The author has selected a few of the newer remedies as illustra tions of the non-official materia medica. In his selection he has been guided by two considerations, the degree of popularity that the d...
-Acetomorphine Hydrochloridum. Acetomorphine Hydrochloride
Dose, 1/40 - 1/6 gr.; 2 - 10 mgms. An alkaloid obtained from morphine by the substitution of two H. groups by acetyl groups, diacetyl-morphine-hydrochloride. White crystals, soluble in water, 1 in 2,...
-Adrenina. (Epinephrine. Nephridine.) Dioxy-Phenyl-Ethanol-Methylamine, C6h3(Oh)2CHOHCH2NHCH3
The active principle of the suprarenal gland (nephridium, adrenal, epirenal); it may also be produced synthetically. A drab or buff coloured, minutely crystalline powder. Decomposes in the presence of...
-Dioxydiamino-Arsenobenzol Hydrochloridum (Ehrlich-Hata)
Dose 0.2 - 0.7 gm., HC1.NH20H.C6H3: As.C6H3.OH.NH2-HC1 is a yellowish powder which dissolves slowly in water giving a clear acid solution. Neutralized with normal solution of caustic soda a precipitat...
-Serum Antidiphthericum. Antidiphtheric Serum. (Diphtheria Antitoxine.)
Dose, as a prophylactic, 500 units; as a curative agent, 2,000-4,000 units or more. A unit is the quantity of antitoxine necessary to prevent the death of a guinea-pig weighing 250 grammes when injec...
-Serum Antitetanicum. Antitetanic Serum. (Tetanus Antitoxin.)
This is similarly prepared to the antidiphtheric serum, the horses being injected with tetanus toxin. Serum Antistreptococcicum. Antistrepticoccic Serum. Dose 30 c.c. daily subcutaneously. The serum...
-Tuberculinum Novum. New Tuberculin. (Tuberculin R.)
The Bacillus tuberculosis is grown on glycerine-serum and the resulting cultures scraped off and heated to 60 C. to kill the bacteria, dried in vacuo and triturated. The resulting mass is emulsif...
-Chapter VII. Notes On Prescribing
As each patient must be considered as an individual and given separate care and thought, it is impossible in such a book as this, which does not treat of therapeutics, to do more than indicate some of...
-Notes On Prescribing. Part 2
By means of an enema antiseptics may be applied to the surface of the rectum and a part of the colon. If the antiseptic is readily absorbed or powerful in its action on mucous membranes, e.g. Acidum C...
-Notes On Prescribing. Part 3
Administration by the mouth. For remote action drugs are most commonly given by the mouth though as pointed out above they may be administered by the rectum, the skin, or the lungs. The use of hypoder...
-Chapter VIII. Prescription-Writing
When the physician has decided upon the drugs which he wishes to administer to a patient, the form, pill, powder mixture, etc., in which he wishes to administer them, and the preparations that are bes...
-Prescription-Writing. Continued
Misce like Recipe is the second person singular form of the imperative mood of a verb of the second conjugation, while signa is the form of the same tense, number, person, and mood of a verb of ...
-Latin. Abbreviation English
Acetum - s. neut.-i. -a.......................vineger. Acidum - s. neut. -i. -a.........acid. or ac.....acid. Ad - prep, ace..............................to. Ana - indeel..................aa..........
-Latin Numerals
1. unus-a-um. 2. duo-ae-o. 3. tres, tria. 4. quattuor. 5. quinque 6. sex 7. septem 8. octo 9. novem 10. decem 11. undecim 12. duodecim. 13. tredecim 14. quattuordecim. 15. quindecim. 16...
-Chapter IX. Notes On Magistral Pharmacy
To Magistral or Extemporaneous Pharmacy belongs the compounding and dispensing of drugs. Its successful performance naturally has to be preceded by a knowledge of their physical and chemical character...
-Notes On Magistral Pharmacy. Part 2
Emulsions. These are mixtures of resinous or oily substances with water. They consist of minute particles of the active substance surrounded with, kept apart, and in suspension by means of mucilage ma...
-Notes On Magistral Pharmacy. Part 3
On The Dispensing Of Capsules For this purpose the drugs used are powdered finely and placed in the capsule by the aid of a spatula or of a patent capsule filler after being accurately subdivided. Th...
-Notes On Magistral Pharmacy. Part 4
On The Dispensing Of Ointments With no other group of preparations is it so essential to have all solids reduced to a fine powder as with ointments, unless perchance they are readily soluble in fats....
-Addendum. Adoption of the Metric System of Weights and Measures by Medical Practitioners in Dispensing and Prescribing
Extract from the Report of the Council of the British Medical Association on the Adoption of the Metric System of Weights and Measures by Medical Practitioners in Dispensing and Prescribing. British ...







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